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Spruce Glauka Globoza: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

Spruce Glauka Globoza: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

Spruce Glauka Globoza is a group of dwarf conifers that are distinguished by excellent decorative qualities. Because this culture is often used in landscape design. It is used for decoration of garden and household plots. To get a beautiful and strong culture, it is important to carry out planting work correctly. Equally important is the quality care of the plant.

Description of the tree

Blue spruce was first produced in 1937. This culture was brought out by breeders from the Netherlands. Since 1955, the tree has been actively cultivated in Europe.Subsequently, it fell into all directories for landscape designers. This culture has become very popular and in high demand.

Glauka Globoza spruce is predominantly found in regions dominated by cold and moderately temperate climates. It grows in Europe, Russia, North America. The plant develops well in multi-component soil. It breeds easily and can withstand changing weather conditions.

This culture is characterized by the following features:

  1. By the age of 10, a tree reaches a height of 1 meter.
  2. The crown grows up to 1.5 meters wide.
  3. The needles are 1.2 centimeters long. It is characterized by 4 faces.
  4. The needles are sharp and dense.
  5. The color of the needles remains constant throughout the growth period.
  6. Flowering occurs in July.
  7. Trees 20-25 years old develop female cones.
  8. Male buds form in the first years of growth. They are characterized by a cylindrical shape and a slight elongation downwards.

Spruce of this variety is propagated by seeds. This method involves the growth of a tree in one place for many years. This variety is considered relatively young. Therefore, the maximum size of the tree cannot be set. It is now believed that the annual crop growth is 5-8 centimeters.


Dwarf spiny spruce is considered not particularly demanding on growing conditions. The culture has a high degree of winter hardiness. In addition, it easily withstands drought. However, in order to grow a he althy and beautiful crop, experts advise proper planting.

Spruce of this variety is considered a light-loving tree that needs to be planted in well-lit areas. They should be spacious and open. Equally important is the presence of high-quality protection against drafts and cold winds.

Culture is able to grow in partial shade. However, in this case, the needles will become less saturated in color. Spruce grows and develops well in light and nutritious soil, which has a low or medium level of acidity.

The plant responds well to sandstone or loam. The tree develops well in heavy clay soil. However, in this case, he needs to create high-quality drainage. When carrying out planting work, it is important to take into account that a perennial crop does not tolerate too dense soil or high humidity. In this case, there is a high probability of rotting of the roots, which will lead to the death of the plant.

Planting work should be carried out from the end of April to the end of June. In this case, it is recommended to choose a young seedling aged 3-6 years, which is distinguished by a closed root system. It is important that the planting material has live green needles and dense shoots of a bright shade.The best option is to purchase planting material in specialized nurseries or stores.

To plant a spruce of this variety, it is recommended to follow these steps:

  1. Make a depression 2-3 times the size of the roots.
  2. Mix part of the withdrawn soil with sod, sheet soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2:2:1:1. You also need to add 100 grams of nitroammophoska to the composition.
  3. Make a drainage layer at the bottom of the recess. In this case, it is permissible to use pebbles, expanded clay, crushed brick.
  4. Place a layer of fertile soil on the drainage layer. Its size should be 15-20 centimeters.
  5. Place the seedling in the hole and carefully straighten the root shoots.
  6. Fill the plant with soil so as to leave the root neck on the surface.
  7. Lightly compact the soil and water generously. To do this, use settled water. It is recommended to take 40-50 liters for 1 crop.
  8. Cover the trunk circle with a mulch layer. For this, it is permissible to use peat or bark.

Care Requirements

Spruce Glauka Globoza is easy to care for. However, in the first year of its development, it is required to strictly observe the main agrotechnical rules.

How to water and feed

For a young spruce Glauca Globosa, a compact root system is characteristic, which cannot fully absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil. Because the plant needs regular moisture. In the first year of growth, plantings need to be watered 2-3 times a week. In this case, it is recommended to take into account the degree of drying of the topsoil.

It is important to avoid prolonged drying of the soil. Otherwise, the tree will not be able to take root. Of particular importance is the provision of crops with sufficient moisture in hot summer weather. At this time, the plant needs to be watered every other day, using 10-12 liters of water.

2 times during the season spruce needs to be fertilized. The first portion of useful elements should be applied in the spring. For this, it is recommended to use mineral complex fertilizers, which are designed specifically for conifers. It is also permissible to use nitroammophoska. For 1 square meter, it is worth taking 30-40 grams of the substance.

In autumn, it is recommended to use potassium and phosphorus-based formulations to feed spruce, which strengthen the immune system and increase resistance to parasites and pathologies.

Loosening and mulching

Glauca Globosa spruce requires regular loosening. It is also recommended to mulch the soil. At the same time, the trunk circle of spruce should be covered with peat, loose compost or pine bark. Its thickness should be 20 centimeters. This procedure helps to retain moisture in the soil, reduce the amount of watering and protect the sprouts of a young crop from freezing in winter.

Loosen the soil is required to a shallow depth. This should be done 5-7 centimeters after each watering. Such manipulation contributes to the saturation of the soil with oxygen and useful elements. As a consequence, it ensures the development of spruce roots.

Preparing for cold weather

This type of spruce is considered frost resistant. A tree can tolerate temperatures down to -30 degrees without shelter. In order to protect young plantings from freezing roots in the first year of growth, experts advise covering them with spruce branches. In early spring, it is worth making sure that there is no ice or snow on the surface of the needles. Otherwise, the needles will turn yellow and fall off.


Spruce of this variety is characterized by a beautiful crown, therefore there is no urgent need for its formation. However, sometimes as part of the care, the tree is still pruned. The plant normally tolerates a haircut. It is important to carry out the procedure correctly.

Without prejudice to decorativeness, it is permissible to cut only young branches. Old ones are recommended to be removed only in case of damage or infection. In this case, the affected area must certainly be treated with garden pitch or special paint.

When planting spruce on the site, it is important to immediately determine the shape of its crown. With the timely start of pruning, the crown will be able to give the shape of a cone, ball, oval. It can also take on the shape of a hemisphere.

It is worth noting that the Glauka Globoza spruce will not be able to get a pillow shape without pruning. This plant tends to develop more in width than in height. When the top is removed at a young age, several new ones will appear in this place. If you restrain the growth of the tree with the help of pruning, you will be able to get a culture of an unusual shape. At the same time, the forms grafted on the trunk need to be trimmed regularly.

Disease and pest control

This spruce has a small height and is characterized by undemanding care. At the same time, it is susceptible to diseases that are characteristic of coniferous plants. Rust is considered one of the most dangerous pathologies. With the development of this disease, the following symptoms occur:

  • falling needles;
  • changing the shade of needles;
  • formation of rusty outgrowths on the trunk.

The appearance of rust is due to the influence of various factors. Infection is often caused by violations in care, excessive moisture, soil diseases. To cope with this disease, it is required to remove the affected shoots and treat the crown with such means as "Gault", "Ridomil", Bordeaux liquid. After 1-2 months, part of the plants is completely restored.

Another dangerous pathology is infection with the fungus schütte. At the same time, a change in the color of the needles and a strong fall of the needles are observed. After some time, the bark becomes covered with black dots. They are fungal spores.

To cope with this infection, you need to get rid of the affected shoots, collect and destroy the infected needles. It is also recommended to treat the needles with chemicals.To do this, use "Ridomil" and a solution of copper sulfate with a concentration of 2%. If necessary, affected plants can be cut down. There may also be a need for spot thinning.

In addition to diseases, the Glauka Globoza spruce can suffer from insect attacks. When trees are damaged by spider mites, a sticky web appears on the needles. The shade of the needles also changes and the development of culture stops. To cope with parasites, it is required to use acaricides. The most effective means from this category include Fitoverm and Aktara.

Another dangerous pest is the bark beetle or sawfly. This parasite eats the spruce bark and leads to the death of the plant. The appearance of small holes on the surface of the bark testifies to the defeat of the culture. To combat insects in early spring, it is necessary to treat the bark with special means and install pheromone traps.

How spruce breeds

Spruce breeding of this variety should be carried out by specialists. In specialized nurseries there are materials and tools for keeping young seedlings. Despite this, growing spruce on your own is also quite realistic. To do this, you need to use the following methods:

  • seed method;
  • vaccination;
  • cutting.

For self-propagation of spruce, it is recommended to use cuttings. This option allows you to get additional specimens from the main plant for planting on the site. Grafting spruce of this variety is usually not involved. This is due to the risk of getting an unpredictable result.

Through seeds

Coniferous plants are rarely bred by seed. However, the Glauka Globoza spruce may well reproduce by this method. To begin with, it is important to choose the right seed material for planting.Quality seeds are sold in special nurseries or collected independently. After that, they must be stratified for 1-2 months.

When propagating spruce seeds, you must adhere to the following rules:

  1. It is recommended to use 2 grams of seeds per 1 square meter of beds.
  2. The depth of penetration should be 4-5 times greater than the length of the seeds.
  3. After the emergence of sprouts, it is worth thinning. In this case, it is required to select the most powerful instances.
  4. It is recommended to plant in a permanent place plants aged 5-8 years.

Through cuttings

For cuttings, you can separate the shoot from the tree at any time of the year. It is important to leave a fragment of the bark from the old shoot. At the bottom of the cutting, it is required to remove the needles and treat this area with a growth stimulator. After that, the shoot is recommended to be immersed in a mixture of perlite, sand and peat.

Planted cuttings need to be moved to a dark and cool place. During rooting, it is recommended to monitor the parameters of soil moisture and air. As the cuttings grow, it is worth transplanting several times. When shoots appear on the planting material, they must be placed in a dark place with spot watering until the next season.


Spruce Glauka Globoza is a dwarf culture, which is small in size. Therefore, several seedlings are usually planted on the plots. Designers use them to define a space, create a hedge or draw attention to certain areas.

A characteristic feature of the plant is considered blue needles, which retains its shade all year round. In addition, when direct sunlight hits the needles, they shimmer with silver. Because spruce of this variety is considered very popular among landscape designers.

To introduce a plant into the general scheme of the plot, it is permissible to use the following schemes:

  • plant like a hedge;
  • use in the composition - while the culture can be combined with flowers, trees and conifers;
  • decorate rockeries and rock gardens.

Glauka Globoza spruce is considered a sought-after crop that has many benefits. It has excellent decorative properties and fits well into the design of any site. At the same time, it is important to provide quality care for the culture.

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