Flowers, herbs

Lily Martagon: description of the best varieties, planting and care, breeding methods

Lily Martagon: description of the best varieties, planting and care, breeding methods
Anonim

Lily called Martagon is known for its longevity, beauty. This species tolerates problems with diseases and pests, which allows it to be grown in large quantities and does not require much effort. The first samples of this hybrid were exclusively white, but later breeders managed to develop more than 200 new varieties of bright colors.

Description and characteristics

The plant is quite tall, its size reaches two meters. The petals of almost all flowers are bent back, which gives them volume. These flowers arrived in Europe many years ago, and they still breed new hybrids that are actively used to decorate gardens, alleys and parks.Usually plants grow side by side, while they form something like bushes. Lilies Martagon can grow in the same place for more than 10 years.

Also, cut flowers may not wither for a long time, but it is not recommended to put a vase in the house, because of the strong smell most often dizzy. There is a cloying sweet aroma. Such a hybrid can grow both in a sunny area and in the shade.

Types and varieties of Martagon

There are not so many varieties of this flower, but nevertheless these specimens are worthy of attention. Crossing makes it possible to develop new hybrids, colors and find a suitable variety for each gardener, improve its general characteristics:

  • The most beautiful varieties are lilies called Maroon King, "Mr. RO Backhouse", "Sunny morning", as well as Canadian lilies.
  • Russian morning. The height of the stems reaches 80-110 centimeters, the flowers are medium in size. They are lowered down, and the petals are bent back and slightly twisted at the ends.The color of the lily is from light yellow to bright orange. The flower begins to bloom in early summer and until the end of August or early September. The smell is gentle, sweet.
  • "Henry". Lily is from China. Quite a popular variety that grows in almost all gardens in the world. Thanks to the Chinese lily, it was possible to develop new varieties by crossing the plant with other oriental lilies. The height of the lily can reach up to 2.5 meters, the stems are very long and elastic. The foliage covers the stems completely and has medium-sized leaves. The hybrid tolerates frost well, rarely gets sick.

Main advantages and disadvantages

No matter how much the plant is praised, it still has its drawbacks:

  • Lilies grow their bulb for a very long time, so there will be few flowers in the first years.
  • The first bloom will be poor, the price of Martagon lilies will be high.
  • Dried parts spoil the whole overall look, they cannot be cut off if the gardener wants to have abundant flowering in the following years.
  • Replanting the plant is also not recommended, so if you need free space in the flower bed, you will have to find another replacement.

But lilies tolerate frost, drought well and are not picky about the place of growth, the main thing is not to forget to water the flowers from time to time. Also, the culture will give the garden a wonderful aroma and will please the eye.

How to grow

Before you start a lily in your garden, you should familiarize yourself with the rules of planting and care, which are very important if gardeners do not want their work to be done in vain.

When and where to plant

Planting is carried out at the end of summer, when it is still warm and not too hot. You can also carry out this procedure in early September.Choose a place where there will be no strong drafts, the area under the trees is perfect. It is recommended to plant Martagon lilies near other lily hybrids. They are looking for a place higher so that the sun's rays reach the young plant. Wells are pre-prepared.

Preparation of planting material

Buy planting material in special stores, monitor the quality of the bulbs. It is very important to pay attention to this in order to be successful after landing. Damaged bulbs will simply rot in the ground. The surface is smooth and not too wet. Finding good specimens can be very difficult, as this variety is rare and almost out of stock.

How to plant

The landing process requires care and quality of execution. Before planting the bulb in the ground, it is pre-treated with a solution of "Fundazol". Dig holes should be 2.5-3 bulbs deep to leave room for future young specimens and stems.The earth dug out of the pit is mixed with mineral fertilizers and ash. After that, humus is added to the mixture, so that at first the plant feeds on substances from the soil. The roots must be carefully straightened and re-examined for the presence of defects. The onion is sprinkled with the resulting mixture and humus is also added on top.

The planting site is well watered and allowed to soak in water, too much watering will be harmful to the lily. With the advent of cold weather, the soil around the planting site is mulched, but not covered.

Subtleties of flower care

It is important to take good care of the plant after planting to get the desired result. Watering, top dressing, loosening and mulching are all the keys to the successful cultivation of Martagon lilies.

How to feed

Regularly feed the plant so that the flowers are large and lush, and the stems themselves are strong and less sick.After the snow melts and the soil warms up a little after winter, the place where the lily grows is watered with nitroammophos and ammonium nitrate. The following fertilizers are applied after the first buds appear. Phosphate fertilizers are used for this.

Irrigation

Irrigation of the crop is considered an important point. Water does not spare, because the liquid must penetrate to a depth of 30 centimeters. The place should be well drained. But you should try too hard, because in too humid conditions the bulb will begin the process of decay.

Shelter for the winter

Martagon lilies are frost-resistant and do not require special care before the arrival of frost. In winter, they do not cover it, only lightly sprinkle it with mulch.

Disease and pest control methods

Martagon lily rarely suffers from viral infections, but still it has its weak points. Gray rot can affect flowers, so formalin is used to fight, which is injected into the soil.

If the plant is affected by rust, then the lilies are sprayed with Ditan, Kuprozan and colloidal sulfur. Also, the soil is fertilized with phosphorus or potash fertilizers.

How Martagon is propagated

In order to propagate this beautiful flower, several methods are used. Among them, the most popular are propagation by bulbs and scales.

Baby bulbs

The easiest way to propagate lilies. But here the growth of bulbs will be very long, unlike other types of lilies. The bulb grows, and over time, small specimens appear on it. They are seated and grown in separate containers.

Scales

Several scales are separated from the bulb and then dried. A mixture of sphagnum, peat, and charcoal is prepared in advance. Store petioles in it at room temperature, after a while small bulbs will appear.

Stems

Gently tear off a leaf with a stem, then prepare a mixture with fertilizers and moisten. Flowers are planted at an angle. Before that, small cuts are made on the stems. Create a greenhouse effect for rapid root germination.

Use in garden design

These flowers are often used by designers as they are a good material for decorating gardens and alleys. A variety of colors and aromas will help create a pleasant atmosphere. Since the flowers grow in clusters, this will help hide the defects of the buildings and generally give them a fresh look.

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