Beekeeping

Strips from a mite for bees: which plates from varroatosis are better to put

Strips from a mite for bees: which plates from varroatosis are better to put
Anonim

Bee mites are considered one of the most common diseases. This problem was discovered back in the seventies of the twentieth century. Then she provoked the death of many bee colonies. Today, there are many methods that help to avoid infection. The use of special strips from ticks for bees allows you to cope with pests and save the bee colony.

Where ticks come from

Tick infestation is considered a symptom of varroatosis. This non-infectious pathology is associated with the activity of Varroa Jacobsoni mites. Parasites cause damage to brood or adults.They absorb hemolymph, which provokes anatomical abnormalities in insects and leads to their death. The pathology was first identified in Indian bees, but subsequently it spread throughout the world.

Varroatosis is a very dangerous disorder. It not only provokes a decrease in the efficiency of bees, but can also lead to the destruction of the entire apiary.

The following factors lead to the development of bee varroatosis:

  • Varroa mites unhook from bees during the collection of pollen and wait for new carriers for 5 days, hiding in the grass or flowers. Therefore, parasites are often carried by workers after the honey harvest is completed.
  • Parasites can get into a hive with thieving bees or stray drones.
  • The spread of the disease may be due to the entry of frames with affected brood into the hive.
  • The development of pathology is often due to the resettlement of a bee colony affected by mites to a he althy colony.

Ticks are most active at a temperature of +34-36 degrees and humidity at 60-80%.

Signs of infection

The disease does not appear immediately. The characteristic symptoms of varroatosis become visible only after 1-2 years. These include the following:

  • The appearance of ugly bees and drones in the family. They are characterized by the absence of wings or legs, as well as the deformation of the body.
  • Occurrence of problems with the summer. At the same time, crawling individuals appear in front of the hive.
  • Appearance of dead larvae on the landing board. They are thrown by insects.
  • Reducing the weight of bees. Insects face protein starvation.
  • Loss of exposed brood. This situation is observed in advanced cases. At the same time, you can see the decomposing larvae, which are easily removed from the cells. In addition, the brood becomes variegated.
  • The appearance of a tick. It can be easily seen on bees and in cells.
  • The restless behavior of bees. They are trying to get rid of the ticks.

Ticks are especially active in spring and autumn.

Severely affected colonies may leave their nests to recover. It happens in autumn time.

How to treat bees from a tick

Today, for the destruction of ticks, agents based on such active ingredients as amitraz, bromopropylate, chlorobenzilate, fluvalinate are used. Folk recipes also help to cope with the problem.

Plates

To deal with ticks, you can use these plates:

  • "Folbex" - this product is made on the basis of chlorobenzilate. It is recommended to use it in spring and summer. Plates should be placed in the hive in the morning and evening. They are placed on a frame that does not have honeycombs and set on fire. 2 strips is enough for 1 hive with 16 frames. The use of the drug must be stopped 1 month before the honey collection.
  • "Manhao" - the drug is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. These Chinese strips have a characteristic yellow tint and a slight smell. The active substance is considered very effective. In this case, it is important to observe the dosage. For the prevention and treatment of varroatosis in a large bee colony, 1 strip is enough.

Drugs

Common medications that can be used to control ticks include:

  • "Bipin" - the active substance is amitraz. The drug is produced in ampoules. The composition is highly concentrated, therefore it must be mixed with water. It is recommended to apply the solution immediately after preparation. For 1 street, you need to use 10 milliliters of the substance.
  • "Apitak" - this drug is also made on the basis of amitraz. To prepare the solution, you need to mix 0.5 milliliters of the substance with 1 liter of warm water.

Folk remedies

If you do not want to use chemicals, it is recommended to use folk recipes. The most effective include the following:

  • Decoction of celandine. To prepare it, you need to take 50 grams of dried or 100 grams of fresh plant per 1 liter of boiling water. It takes 3 minutes to prepare the decoction. Then the composition must be insisted for half an hour. The agent is required to spray the bees, frames and brood 3-5 times with an interval of 6-7 days.
  • Fir oil. This tool must be applied to a sheet of parchment.For 1 family, it is recommended to use 1-2 milliliters of the substance. Then place over the frames with the oiled side down and cover with canvas. Tapholes need to be closed for 1-2 hours. Then they need to be opened and the parchment kept for another 72 hours. During this time, the ticks will fall to the bottom, so it is necessary to install a trap net there.

Using strips and other tick repellents can help you get great results. At the same time, it is important to strictly follow the instructions and adhere to the safety rules.

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