The distance between the frames in the hive: what should be, the consequences of non-compliance

The distance between the frames in the hive: what should be, the consequences of non-compliance

The correct distance between the frames with honey in the hive ensures its normal functioning. In order for the bees to feel comfortable in the house and work at full strength, you need to install them at a certain distance. Let's consider at what distance the frame cases should be placed next to and near the walls of the house and what will happen if it is wrong.

Sizing and basic standards

In the hives of Dadan and Ruta, the number of frames should be 10 or 12, but depending on the number of rails, there may be a different number - 8, 12, 16, 24. Standard product sizes - 35 by 30 cm (Dadana) and 43.5 by 23 cm (Ruta).

What distance should be observed between the frames in the hive

In modern hives, 7.5-8 mm are left between the side frame walls and the walls of the house, and 10 mm between the ceiling. Neighbors are placed at 11-12 mm (with brood), in spring they are placed closer - at 8-9 mm, this is necessary for the bee families to actively develop and fill the combs with honey.

The space under the combs is left at 20 mm in summer, in winter, to ensure comfort for the bees, it is increased. The increased space is better ventilated, the likelihood of dampness is reduced, and insects overwinter better.

Distances are based on observation of naturally built nests. In beekeeping, they are used in evidence of any type - widespread, such as Dadana, or other types.

What happens if you don't keep the right distance

If less than necessary, there is a risk of injury to insects when taking out the frames. With more, the bees can begin to build honeycombs not on the frames, but across them. They do this to reduce the passages and bring them to 10-12 mm. At the same time, the cells of the combs are made thicker and deeper by the working individuals, and in such depressions the uterus does not lay eggs. This leads to a disruption in the normal life of the hive, a decrease in the number of future bees, and the death of some of the adult insects.

The distance between the frames in any bee housing on average should be such that a bee can freely pass into the space, but not too large. To put it correctly, dividers are made on the sides during manufacture. They also help to fix the inventory in the correct position during transportation. It is not difficult to comply with the recommended standards during installation if you use standard hives and frames, the sizes of which are adjusted to each other.

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