Fruit

Apple tree Lyubava: description, features and fruiting variety with photo

Apple tree Lyubava: description, features and fruiting variety with photo
Anonim

Lyubava apple tree is a good winter type of apple trees in Russian breeding. Delicate, white and juicy pulp with a sweet and sour taste will impress family members. It is impossible to call a whimsical tree in cultivation. We propose to consider in more detail what an apple tree is.

Description and features

The second name of the variety is Swan Song, referring to winter varieties. Their beautiful appearance makes them a real decoration of gardens. The trees grow tall with a round crown.

Shoots are small, red-brown, without strong pubescence. The leaf is oval and medium with jagged edges, and the surface of the plate is wrinkled, green.

In spring, the flowers are large, white, small-cupped, emitting a bright aroma, pink hue.

Apple fruits are round in shape. Basically the same size and color - green. The weight of one apple reaches up to 100 grams. Cutting the fruit reveals white flesh, juicy and sweet and sour. The rind is firm, not thin.

History of Creation

The Swan Song variety was bred at the Krasnoyarsk station for the development of selection in 1997. N.N. Tikhonov and P.A. Zhavoronkov.

For breeding, the hybridization method was used, which is considered popular for obtaining new types of trees. Crossing took place between varieties Golden Delicious and Winter Aport. The process took place in 4 stages:

  1. Pollination 2 times. Then the parent trees were taken care of. As a result, we waited for the appearance of hybrid fruits.
  2. Extraction of seeds from apples.
  3. Planting in prepared soil. Pre-seeds are stratified from January to March.
  4. Caring for new seedlings.

For cultivation, the mentor's method was used, which was the Aport winter variety. Hybrid plants were placed in harsh conditions. The soil was poor. All this was done for the frost resistance of apple trees.

Fructification of the Lyubava apple tree

This type of apple trees is considered high-yielding. Up to 45 kilograms of fruits are removed from 1 tree. After planting in open ground, the apple tree begins to bear fruit after 5 years.

Harvesting starts from the middle of the first month of autumn. Apples have time to fully ripen. It is recommended to store in a cool place for no more than six months. From the fruits you can make jam, jam, compote.

Diseases and pests

Improper tree care leads to the defeat of pathogenic microflora. The apple tree starts to get sick and if you ignore the signs, all the work in growing will be in vain.

Consider the most popular diseases and pests:

  1. Powdery mildew or a fungus that affects all parts of the apple tree. The first manifestation (in the form of a white bloom) in early spring during the appearance of buds and first leaves. To eliminate the fungus, it is recommended to use sulfur-containing preparations.
  2. Bacterial burn is an infectious disease.Branches and young shoots acquire a dark brown hue. In appearance, they resemble charred branches. It spreads rapidly to other fruit trees. First of all, it is required to remove the affected area and treat all trees in the area with disinfectants.
  3. Black Cancer. The disease manifests itself in the spring in the form of spots on the leaves. Their color is purple. Over time, they increase in size. Fruiting bodies of the infecting fungus are visible on the crown. If left untreated, the apple tree sheds leaves and fruits. To eliminate the fungus, it is necessary to remove the infected branches, process and begin to heal the wounds that have appeared.
  4. Fruit rot. It manifests itself in 2 stages: in spring (detrimental to flower stalks, branches) and in autumn (affects fruits, reducing the yield and shelf life of apples). Treatment - removal of the lesion. Putrid fruits are immediately removed from the tree.
  5. The apple moth is a silvery white butterfly. Suspends the development of the tree until the pest is completely eliminated. A solution of chlorophos has a detrimental effect on her.
  6. Green aphid - a small insect pest, reaching a length of up to 7 mm. Infect the plant quickly. To eliminate the pest, it is necessary to remove the old bark under which the insect breeds.

Where is the best place to grow?

Apple tree grows well and develops in harsh conditions. Altai Krai is considered the main area for cultivation.

The trees do not freeze, they have an excellent ability to recover after the winter “hibernation”. During active growth, do not forget to fertilize the tree during spring and autumn.

In hot and dry areas, acclimatization is more difficult. For "Lyubava" it is recommended to use wet and loose soil. It is worth remembering that the apple tree feeds on nutrients supplied to the soil through the root system of the fruit-bearing tree.

If the area is dry, then you need to regularly and abundantly water the Lyubava apple tree as the soil dries. Under normal climatic conditions, watering is carried out up to 2 times in 7 days.

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