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Gliocladin: instructions for use of fungicide for plants and dosage

Gliocladin: instructions for use of fungicide for plants and dosage

In the list of microbiological agents, not the last place is occupied by modern preparations of Russian production. Consider the principle of action and purpose of "Gliocladin", its composition and properties. What diseases is the drug used against, how to prepare the solution, in what dosages, and how to use it on outdoor plants and indoor flowers.

Composition, formulation and manufacturer

Gliocladin is a microbiological agent used against bacterial plant diseases and fungi. Designed for processing vegetable and fruit crops, flowers grown outdoors and indoors.

"Gliocladin" is produced by the Russian company CJSC "Agrobiotechnology", produces in tablets, 100 and 50 pcs. in a package (sometimes produced in the form of a concentrated suspension). Its active substance is the fungi Trichoderma harzianum VIZR-18, additionally useful soil microflora is included in the composition. The product belongs to bacterial fungicides and biopesticides.

Features fast continuous action, the waiting period varies depending on the weather and air temperature - from 3 to 7 days.

Operation principle

Fungi from the drug multiply by spores, quickly form a developed mycelium. It develops well in the soil saturated with organic matter, moist (60-80%), at a temperature of 14-27 ˚С. Trichoderma harzianum envelops colonies of pathogenic fungi and bacteria with mycelium, stops their development. Either it enters the sclerotia of pathogenic fungi, dissolves them from the inside. Trichoderms do not form a symbiosis with the root system of crops; its life and development continues as long as there are readily available carbohydrates in the soil.

What diseases are they used against?

"Gliocladin" is applied to the ground, it prevents the reproduction of fungi on garden and indoor plants. Used for both prevention and treatment. The manufacturer notes that the product cleanses the soil of toxic substances introduced into it with agrochemicals. The active substance does not accumulate in plant tissues, so "Gliocladin" can be used in the cultivation of pure agricultural products. Approved for use near ponds and apiaries. The drug can be used repeatedly, it does not cause addiction in pathogens.

After using the drug, there is a significant improvement in soil microflora and immune functions of plants. The product has no phytotoxicity.

How to properly dilute the solution

"Gliocladin" is designed to prepare the substrate before planting seedlings or before transplanting plants, as well as before sowing seeds.For spraying during the growing season it is not used. Mushrooms in the composition of the product are active only in the upper layers of the earth - no deeper than a layer of 8 cm, humidity should be 60-80%, temperature - 20-25 ° C, slightly alkaline acidity. In acidic soils, fungal growth is significantly reduced.

You cannot dissolve Gliocladin tablets in water. They are used in a dry form, simply by introducing into the soil, where beneficial mushrooms are activated.

Instructions for use

The drug is used for tillage for garden and garden plants, as well as for indoor flowers. Usually used once, at the time of planting or transplanting plants.

For outdoor plants

In the substrate intended for sowing seeds of vegetables, close up 1 tablet of the product to a depth of not more than 1 cm. The purpose of applying the antibiotic is to prevent root rot.1 tablet is spent on soil with a volume of 0.3 liters, that is, approximately 3-4 pcs. on a plant. Place them closer to the roots.

For indoor plants

For flowers, put 3 tablets on a pot with a diameter of 15-17 cm. They are left in the topsoil, near the root system of the plant. For a pot with a larger diameter (20 cm), you need more tablets - at least 4 pcs. It is necessary to distribute them evenly, at some distance from each other in the zone of the roots of the flower. If the plant is sick with root rot, wilting or black leg, you need to put 1 tablet in the soil.

For seedlings, use 1 tablet per specimen. Apply to the soil when picking or when transplanting into a hole. The application prevents the development of root rot, pitiosis, fusarium, phytophthora, verticillium, rhizoctoniosis.

Safety when using fungicide

“Gliocladin” is a non-toxic drug, belongs to hazard class 4. It is harmless to soil, plants, animals, insects, and is approved for use near water sources and rates. You can work with it without protective clothing and a respirator. Wear gloves on your hands.

Do not drink, eat or smoke while using. After work, wash hands and face with warm water and soap. There are practically no cases of poisoning with the drug. If the tablet still gets inside or on the mucous membranes, you should rinse the stomach with water.

Compatibility with other substances

Biopreparation "Gliocladin" is not compatible with aggressive agrochemical preparations. They suppress the beneficial microflora, thereby neutralizing the drug. Do not dissolve in water or mix in tank mixes.

The product is only compatible with preparations that also contain Trichoderma fungi. It is allowed to use biofungicides like Planriz, which do not interfere with Gliocladin's work. After treatment with Alirin-B and Gamair fungicides, with which it is recommended to use Gliocladin, it is necessary to withstand at least 3-5 days, or even 1-2 weeks, as some experts recommend.

Conditions and terms of storage of the drug

Like all biological products, Gliocladin is stored in a dry, dark room. The product is well stored at a temperature of +5-15 ˚С. tablets should not be frozen. Medicines, foodstuffs, grains and other animal feeds should not be near the tablets. The storage location must be isolated from children and pets.

Means analogues

"Gliocladin" is considered an analogue of "Trichodermin", therefore, it can be replaced by this well-known remedy. Some other analogues are "Trichofit", "Fitosporin", "Riverm", Azotofit, "Gaulsin", "Phytodoctor". These drugs are also based on beneficial mushrooms that block the activity of pathogenic ones.

Biopreparation "Gliocladin" is recommended for the treatment of fungal diseases in plants grown outdoors and indoors, and for their prevention. It actively suppresses the development of fungi that cause diseases that affect many crops.Restores beneficial microflora in the soil and on the cultivated plants themselves. Non-phytotoxic and non-addictive to pathogens. "Gliocladin" does not accumulate in the soil and plant tissues, it is approved for use in the cultivation of environmentally friendly agricultural products. Reduces the content of toxic substances in the soil left after treatment with agrochemicals.

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