Beekeeping

Specific gravity of honey: what is the density of the bee product in kg per m3

Specific gravity of honey: what is the density of the bee product in kg per m3
Anonim

When choosing natural honey, buyers first of all pay attention to the taste, aroma and appearance of the bee product. But it is worth noting that nectar has other, more important characteristics that determine its quality. The specific gravity of natural bee honey is a determining factor when buying a healing delicacy. How to correctly calculate the main indicator of the quality of a valuable delicacy, we will understand further.

What do weight and quality have in common

The main properties and quality of a natural gift directly depend on the density of the beekeeping product. In turn, this parameter is determined by the amount of moisture and additional components of natural nectar.

With an increased moisture content, this characteristic decreases. If extraneous components in the form of sugar, starch, flour or other elements are added to the composition of the sweet, the specific gravity of such a product increases. Also, the density of the healing gift increases after heat treatment.

Important! Unscrupulous sellers and beekeepers use chemical compounds that are harmful to the human body to dilute valuable bee treats.

Density of quality honey

The main parameter that determines the naturalness of a natural gift is moisture, which is part of the sweetness. In a quality bee product, the amount of liquid varies from 15 to 21% and corresponds to a density of 1350 to 1500 g per 1 l3. Accordingly, 1 kilogram of honey will take approximately 2/3 of a liter container.

Valuable sweetness itself is hygroscopic, quickly absorbing moisture from the air. Also, its composition is influenced by external factors, storage conditions and keeping bees.

  • The amount of moisture in a delicacy is determined by its variety. The nectar of different plants is characterized by a unique composition of carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water.
  • The density of the bee gift is affected by the climatic conditions under which the insects harvested it. If the sweet is harvested in rainy weather, the moisture content of such a treat is higher.
  • The maturity of the bee product also affects the quality parameters. If young, unripe honey is pumped out of the hive, the composition of the water in such a delicacy is much greater. After entering the hive, the insects place the nectar in the honeycombs, where it stays for some time to evaporate excess moisture. Next, the honeycombs are sealed with wax, and the bee gift is fermented, gaining valuable nutrients and nutrients. Only fully ripe sweetness, with a specific gravity of 1400 to 1500 g per 1 liter, contains the maximum concentration of vitamins, he althy sugars, acids, macro- and microelements.
  • In case of violation of storage conditions, the density of a natural gift can also change up or down. The product quickly absorbs moisture from the air, so sweets stored in loosely sealed containers contain more liquid.

Important! If, when buying, the quality parameters are below the standard, such a beekeeping product should not be purchased.

Measurement of honey

The density of a high-quality bee gift is calculated by the ratio of the amount of ordinary water and the medicinal product to the same container volume. The average value of this parameter per liter capacity is 1400 g. The maximum weight of nectar in a jar with such a volume can reach 1500 g.

Calculation example

To independently calculate the specific gravity of a healing delicacy you will need:

  • 1L container;
  • water in the amount of 1 l;
  • natural bee honey;
  • scales.

The empty container is weighed, the resulting indicator is remembered. The average weight of a glass liter jar is approximately 400 g. Next, water is poured into it and the liquid level is noted. After removing the liquid from the jar, the prepared sweetness is laid out in it to the previously noted level. The weight of the empty container is subtracted from the total mass. The result obtained is the specific gravity of useful sweetness. By the same principle, you can calculate the density of any kind of bee gift.

Important! The density of the bee treat, its taste and visual characteristics depend on the plants from which the insects collected nectar.

Dependence on quality

The natural bee product is divided into many varieties with individual indicators of density, vitamin, chemical and biological composition.

  • May nectar is considered the most liquid. The same delicacy is obtained from sunflower, clover and acacia.
  • A thicker consistency product ripens from linden, chestnut, sweet clover and buckwheat.
  • The nectar collected by insects from dandelions is characterized by a dense and viscous structure, so the delicacy from it turns out to be very thick.
  • Heather nectar has a jelly-like consistency, and honeydew natural gift, due to its resins, is considered the most sticky.

Ratio of nectar moisture and density:

17 %143516 % 15 %
Composition of water in honey Specific gravity per 1 l3
21 %1410 g
20 %1415g
19 % 1421g
18 %1428g
1445g
1450g

Important! Each grade has its own density parameter, which corresponds to the liquid included in the product.

Temperature dependence

The storage temperature also affects the quality of the delicacy. Under conditions of elevated temperature, the density of nectar can increase from 10 to 15%. When storing sweets in the refrigerator, its amount decreases by 5-10%.

Weight of honey in different containers

To purchase a quality product in the markets and stores and to use bee nectar correctly at home, you need to know how much sweetness fits in different containers:

  • in a teaspoon - from 8 to 10 g;
  • in a tablespoon - from 23 to 25 g;
  • in a 0.5 l jar - from 700 to 750 g;
  • into a 1 liter container - from 1400 to 1500 g;
  • about 3 kg of a valuable product fits in a 2 liter dish;
  • 3-liter jar can hold from 4 to 4.5 kg of natural treats.

The 40-liter cans used by beekeepers to transport bee products include up to 60 kg of natural, undiluted natural gift.

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