How much honey can be obtained from one hive per season: the amount of the collected product in kg H1:

How much honey can be obtained from one hive per season: the amount of the collected product in kg H1:

Beginner beekeepers are often interested in exactly how much honey can be obtained from one hive per season. A number of factors influence specific parameters. These include the climatic features of the region, the design of the hive, the breed of bees. Also an important parameter is the presence of honey plants nearby. To increase the honey productivity of insects, it is important to provide them with the right conditions.

How much honey does one family give

The amount of bribe depends on the size of the bee hive and its design features. The most productive are free multi-hull hives.It is also worth considering that the absence of overheating helps keep insects active, increases their endurance and minimizes the likelihood of swarming.

For the season

The amount of honey a beekeeper receives from a beehive differs depending on the method of keeping the apiary. In nomadic beekeeping, the apiary is repeatedly moved to places whose plants are at the peak of flowering. This is usually done 2 to 7 times.

This method of keeping bees is considered quite laborious. It requires financial investments and can cause the death of the family due to changes in conditions. However, the nomadic maintenance of the apiary significantly increases the overall productivity of bees for the season.

In good weather conditions, with a minimum risk of swarming and death of insects, 1 hive of a mobile apiary is capable of producing an average of 150 kilograms of honey during the season. At the same time, in the most successful years, this parameter reaches 200 kilograms.

When keeping insects in a stationary apiary, 1 bee colony produces 70-80 kilograms of honey. This volume can be achieved while creating the most comfortable conditions. It is important to follow these rules:

  • regularly monitor the condition of bee colonies;
  • provide suitable living conditions for insects;
  • equip rooms for pumping out;
  • provide a good honey base.

The record figure that can be obtained is considered to be 100 kilograms of honey. At the same time, it is important to take into account that in such an apiary it is impossible to obtain a monofloral product - buckwheat, sweet clover, linden.

At the same time, many are interested in how much honey they manage to get over the summer. In central Russia, the product is pumped out twice - at the end of June and in the first half of August.The collection of honey from one standard hive with 24 half-frames is 15-20 kilograms. This is due to the impossibility of cleansing the combs and the need for food for insects. In a good summer, 30-40 kilograms of honey can be obtained from one hive.

For the year

The amount of honey that a bee colony brings during the year is calculated from the moment of the first pumping to the preparation of insects for winter. So, if one family is able to produce 30-45 kilograms of nectar per season, then the parameters for the year increase several times. They can be 60-80 kilograms. However, the harvest may be less than planned. This is due to the fact that the cells are not completely filled, and it is not possible to take part of the nectar from them.

In the harvest months, it is possible to pump up 100-120 kilograms of honey. In this case, the bees work well and repeatedly fill the frames. When using a nomadic apiary, productivity parameters increase to 200 kilograms.

Factors affecting the amount of honey

The amount of honey depends on many factors. These include the design features of the hive, its location, the breed of bees and much more. This must be taken into account by people who are engaged in beekeeping.


To collect a lot of honey, it is important to choose the right location for the apiary. At the same time, climate features should be taken into account:

  • duration of winter;
  • temperature indicators during wintering;
  • time for the arrival of spring;
  • amount of sunshine;
  • distinctive features of the summer period.

For each zone, a specific breed of bees is suitable, which is more adapted to its conditions. The most adapted insects to life in Russia are Carpathian and Caucasian bees.You can also breed Central Russian and Ukrainian breeds. Warm and long summer favorably affects the amount of honey. In the south, beekeepers are able to collect sweet nectar up to 10 times.

Hive design

The volume of honey depends greatly on the dimensions of the hive and its design features. Free multi-hull houses are considered the most productive. They help to avoid overheating of insects, which makes them lethargic and weakened. Such bees cannot fly for long.

Experienced beekeepers prefer to use lounger hives. They put high and narrow frames. It is usually recommended to take 12 frames and make them into 2 frames. After that, you need to design an extension for 12 frames and add a store for 8. In such a hive, you can keep 2 families that are actively working. This favorably affects productivity and minimizes the likelihood of swarming.

Breed of bees

The amount of honey directly depends on the breed of bees that the beekeeper is breeding. The most productive insects are:

  1. Middle Russian - bring more than 30 kilograms of honey per season. In good conditions, this parameter reaches 100 kilograms.
  2. Carpathian - honey collection parameters are at the level of 30-80 kilograms.
  3. Ukrainian steppe - give an average of 30-40 kilograms of nectar. In this case, the maximum number reaches 80-100.
  4. Italian - bring 25-29 kilograms.
  5. Gray mountain Caucasian - give 28-29 kilograms.

Food Quality

If you want to save money or there is a shortage of honey, some beekeepers feed insects with sugar syrup.But in such a situation, it will not be possible to get a good result. Insects that eat the syrup can stay in the air for a maximum of 3 hours. In addition, they do not fly more than 500 meters from the hive.

Bees that eat high quality food can fly more than 3 hours. In addition, they are removed from the apiary by 2 kilometers. This has a positive effect on productivity and helps to get much more honey. In addition, proper feeding helps to double the life expectancy of individuals.

Preparing for winter season

In order for the bees to better endure the winter and be able to prepare for early bribes, fertilizing is required in early August. This helps insects build up fat reserves. When preparing food for winter, it is important to remember that the ratio of natural honey and sugar syrup should be 3:2. In this case, larvae and adults will feed on a natural product. This will have a good effect on the quality and sustainability of bee colonies.

Swarming bees

Beekeepers must constantly monitor the condition of insects to avoid swarming. Experienced beekeepers try to prevent the formation of swarms. To do this, they load the insects with work.

To achieve the desired results, beekeepers always take out sealed combs, and instead install empty ones. This signals to insects that there is a nutritional deficiency and stimulates them to work more productively, distracting them from the breeding process.

Spare cells

During the peak of honey harvest, it is important to have enough spare combs. Due to this, insects concentrate not on the construction of honeycombs, but on the collection of nectar. In addition, the presence of empty combs makes the bees become more active to fill them. If there are not enough combs, the bees reduce their productivity because they have nowhere to put the nectar.

Because experts advise systematically removing filled combs, and putting empty ones in their place. With the active collection of nectar, it is even recommended to replace combs that are not completely filled. In this case, in the case of removing not completely filled cells, it is important to ensure that they are sealed. Otherwise, honey will contain moisture, which will reduce its quality characteristics and reduce the shelf life.

It is best to get honey frames in the evenings. Do not do this during the day, because instead of collecting nectar, the bees will begin to clean up.

It is also worth considering another important feature. Frames with sealed combs are located along the edges of the hive, and frames with brood are concentrated in the central part. Therefore, finding the right elements is not difficult.

Presence of honey plants

The presence of honey plants is of great importance for the synthesis and quality characteristics of honey.Bees have to collect pollen and nectar from flowers. Therefore, the apiary is best located on a forest cannon, on a sown field or in an orchard. The presence of bees is well reflected in the growth and development of honey crops.

At the same time, willow, lavender, and dandelions are among the most productive honey plants. Clover and alfalfa are also excellent plants for obtaining honey. However, lime and buckwheat varieties are the most popular.

If the required number of honey plants is not available, you can use the method of transportation. To do this, the apiary needs to be installed on a trailer and transported closer to flowering crops.

It is important to take into account the distinctive features of the region. They should not differ significantly from the usual living conditions of bees. In addition, insects can experience stress during transport, which also negatively affects their performance.

Selection of honey frames

Experienced beekeepers know that it is forbidden to select combs with honey in the daytime. This is due to the cessation of the collection of nectar by insects. They begin to clean up the hive and adapt to new conditions.

It is best to remove honey frames in the evening. If there is a covered pavilion with electricity, this can be done at night. In this case, the insects will be sleepy and calm. Thanks to this, you can have a good look at the hive, clean and replace the combs.

It is important to take into account that sealed combs are located along the edges of the hive, and cells with brood are concentrated in the central part. Therefore, it is not required to search through the entire contents of the bee dwelling. Insects will be able to put things in order by morning, adapt to new conditions and start collecting honey again.

How to increase hive productivity

Beekeepers are always striving to increase the productivity of insects. This makes their business more profitable. However, there are many effective methods to increase the amount of honey. To do this, it is recommended to follow these rules:

  • saturate bee food with vitamin supplements;
  • use efficient hive designs;
  • cull brood larvae;
  • use electric heaters;
  • install garbage collection nets;
  • feed insects with flower syrup;
  • set the upper entrances.


To make honey, bees must have access to pollen, nectar and the sticky mass that coats the young leaves and stems of certain crops. All these substances can be obtained only during the flowering period of plants. Typically, such a period lasts for a limited period of time. As a rule, it does not exceed 1 month. Therefore, the terms of active honey collection are short.

Using the roaming method following honey plants that bloom at different periods of time helps to increase the honey collection parameters several times. Moreover, it will be possible to achieve such a result without the use of other methods to increase the productivity of insects.

At the same time, enterprising beekeepers have long managed to find a simple and effective method that helps to significantly increase the time for collecting nectar and pollen, stretching it for the whole summer. To do this, they create a nomadic apiary, or a farm on wheels. At the same time, it is important to properly organize the movement, since not all breeds tolerate transportation well. When creating a nomadic apiary, you need to consider the following:

  1. It is important to properly fix the hives inside the vehicle so that the insects do not get injured and do not experience stress.
  2. Moving significant distances can result in the bees not finding their way back. The optimal distance usually does not exceed 2-3 kilometers.
  3. At each new stop, the bees should easily find water. It can be a lake, a river, a stream.
  4. The movement of bees may require a number of permits or other supporting documents. Otherwise, government agencies may confiscate the shipment.

Strong family

An important method of increasing the productivity of the hive is the implementation of labor-intensive selection work. Its goal is to get a strong bee colony with a maximum of working individuals. The productivity of insects is affected not only by their he alth and the state of the immune system, but also by the general comfort in housing.

Therefore, to increase the productivity of bee colonies, it is required to organize a spacious hive and provide its inhabitants with a lot of space for honey and brood stocks. Another advantage of having free space in the hive is that there is no risk of insects overheating due to close contacts.

Insect overheating prevention

There are many studies that show that there is a direct relationship between the air temperature in the hive and the honey productivity of bees. So, during honey collection, insects feel comfortable if the air temperature in the hive is no more than + 35-35.5 degrees.At the same time, on the street, the indicators should be + 22-28 degrees.

It is worth noting that insects are able to withstand much higher parameters. However, for this they need to take special measures - to provide special ventilation in the hive. To do this, workers actively flap their wings.

Thus, in case of overheating, most of the insects are distracted by their main task, and are engaged in another business that requires a lot of energy. In addition, individuals that are not involved in cooling the home become more sleepy and lethargic. As a result, the productivity of insects is significantly reduced. Therefore, the hives are forbidden to be placed in an open area where there is no natural protection from the direct rays of the sun.

Honey productivity of bees depends on many factors. This indicator is influenced by weather conditions, the breed of insects, the presence of honey plants in the area, the quality of the fertilizers used.

The dimensions and design features of the hives are also of great importance. For insects to bring the maximum amount of honey, they need to provide comfortable conditions.

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