Rules for keeping bees in settlements: veterinary and sanitary standards

Rules for keeping bees in settlements: veterinary and sanitary standards

Honey is considered not only a delicious natural delicacy, but also a universal remedy. However, beekeeping requires special knowledge. First of all, you need to follow the rules for breeding and keeping bees in settlements. Most often, apiaries are equipped on household plots, while it is important to take into account the peculiarities of the location of the hives relative to other buildings.

Why follow the rules for keeping bees

In the village, residents often set up several beehives on the site. It does not take much time to care for insects, but the sale of bee products can significantly replenish the family budget.But at the same time, it should be borne in mind that the proximity of honey bees can cause a lot of inconvenience to the owners of nearby sites.

The most common cause of problems is bee stings, since the affected people are more likely to develop allergies. Insects can also bite pets.

To minimize unpleasant situations, you need to breed bees in compliance with the approved rules.

Distance from hives to neighboring plot

When arranging hives on a personal plot, several factors must be taken into account: the shape of the plot, the number of structures, the cardinal points. To prevent insects from causing inconvenience to neighbors, bee houses are located at certain distances from the boundaries of the site.

Such standards are indicated in the relevant documents (the Law "On beekeeping", veterinary regulations).Requirements for the creation and operation of an apiary are established by the federal executive authorities. At the same time, regulations offer a variable interpretation of the parameters:

  • beehives are placed at a distance of at least 3 m from the fence, provided that a fence is installed at least 2 meters high (this is a suitable option for an apiary located in a compact area);
  • common option - the distance of the apiary from the neighboring fence is at least 10 meters, and the entrances of the hives should be directed to the middle of the apiary;
  • the distance can be minimal if the apiary is protected from the neighboring area by a building/structure at least 2 meters high.

In order not to violate the apiary placement standards, it is recommended to take into account the requirements established by the regulations of the regional / district authorities.

Distance from beehives to residential buildings

According to sanitary norms and rules (SNiP), when installing bee houses, you need to take into account the distance from the hives to residential buildings. Distance options are regulated by various regulations:

  • Law "On personal subsidiary farming and beekeeping";
  • instructions from the administrations of rural settlements;
  • laws on the placement and arrangement of apiaries, adopted in certain areas;
  • rules and regulations adopted by gardening associations.

Most often, the regulations of various areas reflect the following requirement: in the private sector, beehives are installed no closer than 20 meters from a residential building. It is allowed to place houses at a distance of less than 20 meters from residential premises, if the consent of all tenants-owners is obtained in advance. It is also important to comply with the condition for placing the apiary at a distance of at least 100 meters from kindergartens, schools, civil structures (medical, cultural, commercial).

It should be taken into account that veterinary regulations usually do not specify the types of terrain (rural, urban). Therefore, the requirements apply both to private households and to buildings in the city.

Consequences of non-compliance with the law

Citizens involved in beekeeping are required to comply with the rules for keeping bees and sanitary standards in order to ensure the safety of people living in neighboring areas. In case of violation of veterinary standards, beekeepers can be fined in accordance with the Law "On Administrative Offenses" (the amount of fines may differ in different regions or autonomous districts):

  • a fine of 500-4000 rubles is applied to a private beekeeper for failure to comply with regulations;
  • a fine of 10,000-20,000 rubles applies to a legal entity.

In most regions, a fine of 3,000-4,000 rubles is imposed on a beekeeper for violating the requirements for observing the boundaries of the placement of hives. The amount of pen alties may vary, since the interests of both beekeepers and ordinary people are taken into account when making decisions on the application of pen alties.

Before equipping an apiary, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the regulatory documents, legislative acts regulating the maintenance of honey insects in the settlement of a particular area. It is also advisable to discuss the intention to equip the apiary with the neighbors in advance.

This page in other languages: