July Rosa cherry plum: variety description and pollinators, planting and care with photo

July Rosa cherry plum: variety description and pollinators, planting and care with photo

Plum variety July Rose is famous for its excellent taste, unpretentiousness in care. This is an early variety that opens the berry season. The subspecies is considered a follower of the famous Kuban comet. Cherry plum is widely grown on the territory of the CIS countries, it easily takes root. You should first familiarize yourself with the planting technique, caring for the plant.

How the cherry plum variety was bred

The cherry plum variety July Rose was bred by breeders of the Institute of Plant Growing in Krymsk, Krasnodar Territory. The variety was obtained by free pollination of the plum of the Kuban comet, created in the same laboratory.The variety differs from the progenitor by an earlier fruit ripening period. In 1999, the July Rose was entered into the state register, zoned for the North Caucasus region. A hybrid species of cherry plum, created from the seeds of the Kuban Comet, is an achievement in floriculture.

Main indicators of culture

Description of the fruit crop of the July Comet variety will help you figure out whether it is worth planting it in a private garden or industrial plantations. A detailed description of the plant is also required to familiarize yourself with the method of caring for it.


Trees grow to medium height, with a smooth trunk and bushes of medium density. The shoots are horizontal, their diameter is 25 mm. The fruits ripen on overgrown short bouquet branches. Their life span is about 2-3 years. The tree brings an annual harvest, up to 10 kg of fruit can be harvested from an 8-year-old plant.The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to dry periods. Cherry plum resists diseases, harmful insects. The first fruits appear on the 3rd year after planting. The cherry plum variety does not pollinate itself.


The tree of the July Rose variety bears ovoid fruits weighing up to 30 grams, with a wax coating. The color of the skin is purple, with a pinkish undertone. Pulp of dense structure, low juiciness, fibrous with sweet and sour taste. The variety received a taster score of 4.4 points.

The stone is small in size, easily separated, the flesh does not darken quickly in the air. Cherry plum can be consumed fresh or prepared for the winter. Cherry plum is suitable for making jams, compotes, jams, dried fruits. You can also decorate desserts with fruits, add them to pastries.

Characteristics of cherry plum July rose

The characteristic features of the cherry plum variety July Rose are as follows:

  • fruits ripen after the 20th of June, the tree bears fruit until July 10-15;
  • high resistance to pests and diseases;
  • flowering occurs April 1-15;
  • with proper care, the tree bears fruit in the 3rd year.

The variety is excellent for growing on industrial plantations and in private gardens. Trees bear a lot of fruit, do not require daily care, which is in the hands of summer residents.

Drought and cold resistant

The tree normally survives drought, but not regular. The variety is moisture-loving, however, with an excess of water, aphids are affected and diseases develop. The variety of the July cherry plum can withstand frosts down to -36 degrees. The plant also resists adverse weather conditions such as strong winds, rain, snow.

Susceptibility of cherry plum variety to diseases and parasites

July cherry plum is famous for its powerful protective properties, practically does not get sick, it is rarely attacked by harmful beetles. With proper care, preventive pruning, the plant will live up to 15 years.

Tree pollinators

Next to the July cherry plum tree should be planted or planted next to varieties that bloom at the same time. These include cultures Traveler, Pramen.

Flowering and fruiting of cherry plum

Pollen occurs at the beginning of April. Fruits ripen by the end of June. The harvest is stable, but it is recommended to collect it immediately. Cherry plum fruits do not hold tightly on the stalks, they can crumble in wind gusts.

How to collect and store fruits

The cherry plum should be harvested 2-3 days after fruit ripening. They will become sweeter and juicier.Transportation is possible, but if it is carried out correctly. Store the crop should be 1-1.5 weeks in the open. If you place the plums in a wooden box, keep them in a cool, dark room, they will lie there for up to 1 month. It is important to sort out the fruits so that there are no rotten, damaged ones among them.

Advantages and disadvantages of wood

Plum of the July variety has a lot of advantages. There are also some disadvantages that you should be familiar with.

Fruits ripen early Harvest stable, plentiful Medium drought toleranceVariety takes root well almost anywhere High resistance to cold, disease The fruits are delicious, large
Fruits ripen unevenly

Planting a plant in the area

Cherry plum is usually planted with seedlings. This is the most popular breeding method. It is better to buy planting material from trusted sellers in the market or in nurseries. If you take a seedling through the Internet or from unfamiliar sellers, you can stumble upon wild seedlings, or the wrong variety. It should be free of any damage, signs of disease.

The structure of the trunk is dense, its height is about 10 centimeters. Keep the seedling in the basement or dig into the ground with a semi-horizontal slope. A hole is dug in advance, 50-60 centimeters deep and 80 cm wide. The occurrence of groundwater must be at least 1.5 meters above the surface. Choose a place well lit by the sun, where the wind does not blow. Bushes can be planted under the tree so that the fruit is not damaged when falling.

When to carry out landing work

In the middle and northern lane it is better to plant cherry plums in March, before sap flow.If you plant a plant in the fall, it will not have time to get stronger by the cold, the roots will not form. In the south, you can do planting work in October, if the air temperature is stable at +10.

Step-by-step disembarkation instructions

In early spring, planting work is carried out. The tree is planted according to the instructions below.

  1. The seedling is dug up or taken out of the basement, the rhizome is placed in water for 1-2 hours. Add Heteroauxin, Epin to it. Substances stimulate growth, root formation.
  2. Remove part of the earth from a pre-prepared hole to fit the roots.
  3. Pour a mound of soil in the middle. At a distance of 10 cm from the center, drive in a wooden stick 100 cm high.
  4. Lower the planting material on a hill so that the neck is located at the top, and the root system is evenly spread along the slopes.
  5. Fill the rhizome with earth in layers, tamping.
  6. Tie the tree to the peg with twine in the form of a figure eight.
  7. Form a circle around the seedling.
  8. Water abundantly so that the earth adheres well to the rhizome.

After 2 hours loosen the trunk circle of a young tree and cover with a mulch layer. To do this, use compost, rotted sawdust, hay.

Subtleties of crop care

In order for cherry plum to grow he althy and bring a stable harvest, a number of rules must be followed.

  1. Regularly clean the soil from weeds, loosen it. Weeding helps the roots aerate, moisture will not erode from the ground.
  2. Timely thin out bushes, cut branches.
  3. Feed the plant with fertilizer.
  4. Harvest on time.
  5. Treat cherry plum from pests and diseases.

The last item is optional, as the tree has strong immunity. If disease or beetle damage has been noticed, carry out sanitary work.

Irrigation and fertilization

Plum should be watered frequently, with an interval of 3 weeks. Moisten the earth 25 centimeters deep, this will require 3-4 buckets of water. Excessive irrigation will do a disservice, a swamp will form in the near-stem circle. After planting, watering is carried out through the mulch layer. This will reduce the amount of irrigation, loosening, and prevent the growth of weeds.

When slugs, beetles, other insects are in the mulch, destroy them, dry the ground. After restore the mulch layer.

Plum should be fertilized for 3-4 years of life, when the nutrient reserves in the planting hole are depleted. They use nitrogen substances, complex mineral top dressing in the spring.

Pruning and crown shaping

Pruning the tree should be done 2 times during the growing season. In the spring, the bush is thinned out, removing 20 centimeters of lateral branches. In autumn, damaged or diseased shoots are excised. At the age of 8, cherry plum requires rejuvenating pruning. It will help to replace old branches with new ones, the procedure will extend the life of the tree. Smear the places of cuts with garden pitch so that pathogenic agents do not penetrate the tree


Pruning cherry plum for its adjustment should be in the last days of March or early April, until the buds have blossomed. They cut the shoots directed deep into the bushes, shorten the intersecting branches.


Trim young trees 15 centimeters each year to prevent frostbite. Also cut dry shoots. Thin out the bush so that the fruits are saturated with oxygen and sunlight.


Tree pruning for sanitary purposes is carried out from late October to early November. It is necessary to remove all dry, damaged shoots, burn them.

Caring for the trunk circle

In areas where there is frequent drought, you need to keep the trunk circle under the mulch at all times. Where there is a lot of moisture, mulching will be required only during the first two years of the plant's life. Pour a layer of humus, peat 10 centimeters around the trunk. Change the layer of mulch 3-4 times a season.

Prevention of diseases and insect invasions

Prevent disease and attack by cherry plum beetles through a series of activities.

  1. Before pollen, after and after another 2 weeks, treat the tree with 1% Bordeaux liquid or Hom.
  2. For prevention in the spring before sap flow, spray cherry plum with 3% solution of ferrous sulfate.

You can not leave plant residues for the winter under the trees. Keep the crown from thickening, thinning pruning helps prevent beetle attack or disease development.

Preparing for winter

In the middle lane and the Trans-Urals, it is advisable to cover the cherry plum until frost. First, whitewashing of the trunks is required, this will prevent burns in the spring. Cover the trunk with a casing made of sheet iron 40 centimeters. Deepen the end 10 cm into the ground. Wrap the tree with burlap on top.

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