How to melt wax at home: the right way, the best methods

How to melt wax at home: the right way, the best methods

Beeswax is a very valuable natural product, which is presented to people by nature. Before using a substance in different areas of life, it needs to be melted and cleaned of various impurities. At the same time, not everyone knows how to melt wax at home. To achieve the desired results, it is permissible to use a variety of improvised devices.

Ground rules and temperature

Beeswax is a complex organic compound. Insects produce this substance with the help of special glands. After that, the bees distribute it with their paws for the construction of honeycombs. In warm weather, insects can produce up to 5-6 kilograms of wax.

This product has a unique composition. In total, it contains more than 50 chemical components. Up to 75% of the composition is esters. Also, wax contains 11-17% saturated hydrocarbons, 13-15% free fatty acids, 2.5% water.

Due to its unique composition, this bee product is widely used in various areas of life. It is used in traditional and folk medicine, pharmacology, cosmetology. The substance is also used to make household chemicals and candles.

Before applying the wax, it needs to be melted. For the procedure to be successful, it is important to follow some recommendations and familiarize yourself with the melting temperature. At +35 degrees, the wax material remains solid. At higher temperatures, the mass becomes plastic.

The average melting point of wax is +69-72 degrees. Such differences are associated with the presence of various additives in the composition and the method of obtaining the feedstock. The following should be taken into account:

  1. The melting temperature of the plates produced by bees is +72 degrees.
  2. Wax made by pressing or melting melts at +62-65 degrees.
  3. The mass obtained by extraction melts at a temperature of +69-71 degrees.

If you heat the wax raw material to +95-100 degrees, foam will appear on the surface of the mass. This is due to the presence of water in the composition. At +100 degrees, it begins to boil, which leads to the appearance of foam. When heating a substance, it is necessary to carefully control the process. Wax with a high water content may boil away.

After the evaporation of moisture, the foaming process stops. If the raw material is not contaminated with alkali or soap, there is no emulsified water in it. In this case, foam should not be expected.

When the parameters are more than +120 degrees, the individual components in the raw materials begin to decompose and evaporate. At a temperature of + 250-300 degrees, the wax completely decomposes, and combustion processes begin. It is important to consider that the substance is considered flammable, because it can cause a fire.

Be aware that natural beeswax has a higher melting point than synthetic beeswax. The second melts already at +45-60 degrees.

Molten wax has many uses. These include the following:

  1. Mass is widely used in medicine. Wax is often put into ointments that are used to treat skin burns and inflammation of the dermis. Due to its nutritional properties, the substance stimulates the positive effect of other therapeutic agents.
  2. Wax is often used in skin and nail care products. Applying the mass to your hands will help protect them from the negative effects of household chemicals. Based on the bee substance, various creams and balms are produced that provide protection from the sun. The product is also used for the production of other cosmetic substances.
  3. Massu is often used for depilation. With this bee product, even the toughest hairs can be removed from the body.
  4. Wax raw materials can be used as shoe polish. The natural material ensures that leather models are properly cared for.
  5. The substance is used by masters who paint Batik. They apply a fat-like mass to areas that need protection from pigment.
  6. The tool is allowed to be used for painting Easter eggs. The melted product can be applied with a thin brush. They manage to embody a variety of patterns.
  7. Natural material provides reliable protection of garden tools from corrosion.
  8. Wax can be safely used for wood processing. Surface cracking is avoided with this natural material.
  9. The substance is often used as a furniture polish. The product helps to care for natural wood products.

Preparation of raw materials

First you need to prepare the raw materials from which the wax will then be extracted. To do this, you need to take the old frames, foundation and zabrus. The frames must be cleaned of wax and put in a separate container. Raw materials for wax must be ground to a state of dust.

After preparation, the components must be filled with water and left for several hours. This will cause debris to float to the surface. It can be easily removed. The mass filled with liquid must be shaken periodically. Due to this, unnecessary residues will rise to the surface. When it is possible to separate the garbage from the raw materials, you can start melting the wax.

Wax heating methods

Today, a variety of ways to melt wax are known. This allows each person to choose the most suitable option for him.

Melting with water

To melt the wax in this way, it is recommended to grind the raw material, place it in an aluminum container and fill it with clean water. It is best to use thawed, spring or distilled. These types of liquid are considered softer. Using hard water will cause the product to become fine and brittle.

Wax is recommended to be heated over low heat for 30 minutes. Then it needs to be defended for 10 minutes. The pure mass will rise to the surface of the water as it cools.

To melt wax that is covered in rot or mold, you first need to soak it in warm water for 1-2 days. In the process, it is important to get rid of the debris that floats to the surface.

In the bank

This way you can heat a cleaned product that does not have mold or debris. Subsequently, pure wax can be used for cosmetic procedures. To get the desired effect, you need to grind the product or crumble it into pieces, place it in a 1 liter glass jar and put it in a pot of water.

The liquid should be gradually heated, and the wax should be stirred. When the product becomes soft, it can be poured into a storage container.

In a water bath

The easiest way is to melt the beeswax in a steam bath. This can be done in any kitchen. In this case, the finished product will not have defects. To obtain the desired result, the crushed raw materials must be placed in a glass jar or metal container of small diameter and placed in a wide pot of water.After that, the structure must be gradually heated on the stove.

Under the influence of steam, the gradual melting of the wax will begin. In the process, it is important to ensure that the liquid does not completely evaporate. If required, you can add a little boiling water to the composition.

In order for the mass to heat evenly, it must be constantly stirred. The process takes a maximum of 10-15 minutes. After that, the melted wax should be held for another 5-10 minutes in a steam bath. When using a bowl instead of a jar, it is important to ensure that water does not get into the mass. This will negatively affect the quality of the finished product.

When the composition acquires a homogeneous consistency, the fire must be turned off, and the mass must be filtered. This will help get rid of debris and dirt. The finished product must be cooled gradually. This will help achieve a uniform ingot. Fine debris must be removed from the surface. This can easily be done with a knife.

It is important to consider that the melted product is very hot, so it is important to follow safety rules.This method allows you to control all stages of melting and, if necessary, adjust your actions. The disadvantage of the procedure is considered low productivity. In addition, it is important to ensure that there are no impurities or mold in the feedstock.

Heating with enameled pots

To melt the wax, you can use 2 enameled pots. The volume of each of them should be no more than 20 liters. To do this, the washed and crushed raw materials must be placed in one tank and tied in one layer of gauze. The second tank must be half filled with clean distilled water. After that, the container with the liquid must be heated. This can be done on the stove or on the fire.

After the water boils, you need to put a tank of raw materials on top. To connect the containers, you can tie their handles. The surface of the tank should be covered with an old thick cloth. The mass must be kept on low heat for 2-2.5 hours.After that, the stove must be turned off and the structure left overnight. In the morning you can get melted wax.


The microwave is often used to melt wax and paraffin. To do this, the crushed raw materials must be placed in a container of suitable size and put in the microwave. With a power of 650 watts, wax can be melted in 1 minute, with 850 watts - in 45 seconds, with 1000 watts - in 40.

It is important to consider that melting wax is required in special dishes, which are resistant to high temperatures and microwaves. This method is convenient to apply to a small amount of purified material. If there are impurities in the composition, it is better to give preference to another method.

At the stake

To melt wax by this method, it is recommended to take a metal container and place it over the fire.It is important that the container is quite large. It should hold about a bucket of water. Then you need to put raw materials into the container. It is important to leave a margin. The fact is that as the temperature increases, the wax frames will boil, and therefore the liquid will begin to boil.

After boiling the mass, it must be systematically stirred. After complete melting, the substance should be mixed, remove dirt and cool. This can be done in the same container or pour the composition into another.

In a double boiler

To melt the wax, you can use a double boiler. To achieve the desired results, you need to pour water into the bottom of the device. It is recommended to fill it approximately 2-5 centimeters.

Then you need to take a bowl, put the ingredients in it and put it in a double boiler. Depending on the power of the device and the amount of substance, the process will take from several minutes to 1 hour.It is important to consider that the device should not be left unattended. In the process, it is required to pour liquid into the double boiler. When the wax melts, it can be poured into molds.

In a wax melter from an old washing machine

If there is an old unnecessary washing machine, you can make a device for melting wax out of it. It is important that the box is empty. This means that you need to pull out all the details from it. As a result, you need to leave the body and drum inside.

The water that is poured into the drum must be heated. Therefore, appropriate wiring is required. It is recommended to provide a chimney in the housing. It will also require the construction of a channel to drain the melted wax. The manufacture of such a device requires certain skills and efforts. However, in any case, the construction will cost less than the wax melter.

Solar Waxtops

To get a wax top that functions from the heat of the sun, you can make it yourself. The structure can easily be placed in the apiary or in the yard. In fact, the device is a wooden or metal box, which is covered on top with a frame with double glass. Inside the structure there is a stainless steel baking sheet. It needs to be placed at a 40 degree angle. Also, the structure should include a tin trough.

You need to draw some water into the container. This will make it easier to remove the finished product from the container. To achieve the desired results, the crushed ingredients for wax must be placed on a baking sheet, which is under glass. When it warms up, the substance will begin to melt. As a result, liquid wax will begin to flow through the grate into the trough. The substance obtained by this method is considered the most valuable. This is due to the fact that it melts naturally under the influence of sunlight.

Wax melter

Beekeepers who have many hives use a special device to melt the wax mass. It's called a wax melter. With the help of this device, it is possible to carry out the procedure without any problems. It can be used to melt wax from honeycombs or from frames. For the process to be successful, it is important to take into account certain features.

To melt low-grade raw materials, you can use a steam wax melter. To do this, you need to do the following:

  1. Install the grate in the tank with a water jacket. You need to put raw materials on it.
  2. When the temperature increases, the raw material will begin to warm up.
  3. When water boils in a jacket, the steam that enters the container affects the raw material. As a result, wax begins to stand out.
  4. The mass gradually flows into the mold.

During operation, the raw materials need to be mixed. Sometimes oppression is imposed on him. In any case, after using the steam device, a lot of wax remains in the melting - about 40%. That is why a wax melter was created, which is heated by electrical power sources. Such equipment allows processing prepared raw materials and getting wax from old frames.

To melt the raw wax in this way, comb trimmings and renders can be used for dry processing. To do this, it is recommended to use a high-temperature wax melter. The temperature should be + 140-150 degrees. It does not take much time to melt the substance. In addition, it will help to get high-quality wax, which resembles the hardness coefficient of capan.

Modern high-temperature devices are made in factory conditions. They are designed for stationary operation. However, such products can also be moved, since the cover is securely attached to the body. The weight of such devices exceeds 10 kilograms.

Common mistakes

When melting raw wax, many beginners make common mistakes:

  1. They don't hold the mass long enough when heated. This provokes incomplete remelting of the substance.
  2. Wrong choice of waxers. Wax can be diluted in gasoline, hydrogen sulfide, alcohol. It is also permissible to use chloroform and turpentine for this purpose. These substances are considered excellent solvents. However, for dilution with alcohol, the mass is forbidden to boil. In this case, it is important to do everything carefully and accurately.

Where can I use leftovers

After melting wax, by-products usually remain. They are called sludge. These are particles of debris that are glued together with a wax mass. This remnant is often referred to as merva. It can be crushed and applied to the ground. Merva makes the soil more fertile.

Melting wax is not a very complicated process. At the same time, the procedure can be carried out even in the absence of a wax top. To do this, you can use improvised devices. Depending on the volume of raw materials and the availability of opportunities, the wax mass can be melted in a steam bath, fire or the sun. It is also permissible to use a double boiler or microwave for this purpose.

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