What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries: descriptions of plants and is there a difference

What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries: descriptions of plants and is there a difference

Strawberries and wild strawberries are different types of plants that are easy to confuse with each other. They belong to the same family of Roses, to the genus Strawberry. At the same time, not every gardener knows exactly how strawberries differ from strawberries. The difference between cultures affects the shape of the bushes, the shade and taste of the berries. There are also some differences in the he alth benefits of fruits.

Strawberry Description

Garden strawberry is a fairly common plant that belongs to the genus Fragaria. Tasty and fragrant fruits are considered its characteristic difference.They are characterized by juicy texture and sweet taste. Strawberries are eaten fresh or used to make desserts.

This is a perennial plant that has erect stems. They form a fairly large outlet. Leaf plates are distinguished by a ribbed diamond-shaped shape. The beginning of flowering falls on the period from May to June. Inflorescences form groups that include many flowers. They are located on small pedicels. Plants are pollinated by insects.

Fruits are characterized by a red hue, small size and sweet honey and berry aroma. Small nuts are immersed in the pulp of the fruit, and this is the main difference between the variety and other strawberries. When pollinated by other varieties, the culture does not form fruits. This is due to the lack of compatibility with them.

Reproduction is carried out vegetatively - with the help of antennae. This plant is characterized by a uric root system, which is distinguished by a superficial location. Because strawberries need quality watering.

Description of strawberries

Wild strawberries are found in shady places. It grows on forest edges or near shrubs. This culture develops in any type of soil. It is a perennial plant that includes a long rhizome and a rosette with leaves. Stipules are located at its base.

Distribution of forest strawberries is carried out by creeping shoots. At the same time, its flowers form inflorescences. The fruit is a multi-nutlet, which is formed from an overgrown receptacle. It is distinguished by nuts protruding from the pulp. The leaves are similar in shape to garden strawberries but are larger.

What do strawberries and strawberries have in common

The considered crops belong to the same genus. Both plants are perennials. They also have many similar features in the structure. Strawberries and wild strawberries are characterized by the following features:

  • creeping shoots;
  • trinate leaves;
  • five-membered flowers;
  • presence of gun on all surfaces.

Also, both cultures are distinguished by formations that are formed from pistils. They are characterized by small size and resemble compact nuts. These are the berries that are eaten. However, in fact, strawberries and strawberries have false fruits. In fact, they are a juicy and dense receptacle.

The plants in question are often confused due to the general characteristics of the fruit. The crops have berries that match in color, shape, and flavor.

Main differences

Many people wonder what is the difference between the cultures in question. It touches on various aspects.


Answering the question of how to distinguish the plants in question, you should pay attention to the taste of the berries.Strawberries are hard and dense fruits that have a stem in the center. Strawberries are devoid of such a core. It is smaller in size, but has an intense aroma and a delicate, uniform scarlet flesh.

Strawberries are characterized by a more sour taste. There is more sugar in small strawberry fruits, because they have a sharper and brighter taste. At the same time, strawberries are characterized by a sour aftertaste. Garden strawberries are characterized by higher yields. It has more fragrant fruits.

The advantage of strawberries is that it retains its properties longer. That is why it often goes on sale. Strawberries quickly begin to deteriorate and leak. At the same time, it almost immediately loses its taste.

Amount of substances and vitamins

Strawberry contains a lot of vitamins B, A, C, E. It also contains various minerals - potassium, copper, iodine, fluorine. In addition, the fruits contain manganese and iron.

With the regular use of wild strawberries, it is possible to prevent the development of dangerous pathologies - diabetes, atherosclerosis, increased blood cholesterol levels. Also, a therapeutic diet using strawberries helps to reduce the signs of rheumatism. In the absence of allergies, berries can be used to treat psoriasis, dermatosis and acne. Its fruits speed up the healing process.

Strawberries have a low glycemic index. It is 40. This means that the berry has little effect on blood glucose, so it is allowed to be used in diabetes. The product includes a lot of vitamin C, fiber, potassium. It also contains a large amount of antioxidants - quercetin and anthocyanins.

Fiber has a positive effect on the condition of the intestines. The high vitamin content normalizes blood pressure and helps to avoid ischemia. Due to the presence of antioxidants, strawberries reduce the risk of inflammation, lower blood pressure and reduce the likelihood of developing cardiovascular pathologies.

Area and cultivation method

Growing strawberries is much more difficult. To get a rich harvest, you need to have a sufficient number of female and male bushes on the site. If there are few male plants, female ones will not bear fruit. It is important to consider that male bushes are able to suppress female ones. Therefore, the balance of heterosexual plants needs to be adjusted.

Strawberries don't produce empty flowers. It grows well not only in the sun, but also in the shade. In addition, this culture is resistant to cold. In general, this culture is considered less demanding to care for.

It is worth noting that strawberries produce less whiskers compared to strawberries, which reproduce exclusively vegetatively. Large areas are required for its cultivation. This culture is growing rapidly.

Strawberries can grow in any soil.In this case, lighting does not play a special role. With full and high-quality watering, the plant will grow well. However, it can also withstand drought. Strawberries, on the other hand, are considered a more delicate plant that requires high-quality soil, a sufficient amount of light and proper watering. This culture needs to be systematically loosened and cut off the children in a timely manner.

Strawberries are planted more in the Netherlands, Spain and France. In these countries, it is customary to grow whole plantations of berries. Fruits perfectly withstand transportation. In Russia, strawberry hybrids and varieties are more often planted. Such plants easily adapt to any conditions. With adequate care, they bring an excellent harvest.


Cultures differ in appearance of bushes and leaves. Strawberries are considered a dioecious plant, which has a large size. This culture is characterized by the presence of female and male flowers. Garden strawberries are distinguished by the fact that they do not bring empty flowers.This plant is squat.

Strawberries are characterized by large corrugated leaves that have a light green color. Strawberries are distinguished by medium-sized leaves, which are characterized by a rich green tint and teeth along the edges.

Garden strawberries are more like regular strawberries. Its fruits can even be larger and reach 2-8 centimeters. The fruits differ in different shapes - round, heart-shaped, elongated. Strawberries are elongated. Their sizes can be 0.3-5 centimeters.

Strawberry bushes are larger and look stronger. They can reach a height of 40 centimeters. At the same time, strawberries rarely exceed 25-30 centimeters. Flowers on the bushes rise above the leaves, and flower stalks, on the contrary, hide under them.

Strawberries and strawberries are common crops grown by many gardeners. To distinguish plants, it is recommended to pay attention to the appearance of bushes and berries. There is also a difference in the taste of fruits and their he alth effects.

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