What is the difference between cherries and cherries: is there a difference between trees, comparison

What is the difference between cherries and cherries: is there a difference between trees, comparison

Cherries and sweet cherries are fairly common types of berries. They have excellent taste and contain many vitamins. They are often used for preparation of blanks and consumed fresh. At the same time, not everyone knows exactly how cherries differ from cherries. The difference between these plants lies in the appearance of the trees and the taste of the fruit.

What do cherries and sweet cherries have in common

Both cultures belong to the Plum genus. In Latin, they have the same name - Cerasus. This testifies to their common origin.These are stone fruits, the fruits of which are similar in appearance. They also coincide in terms of the content of valuable components and the effect on the human body.

Main differences

The considered plants are characterized by a number of features and differences. They relate to the appearance and taste of the fruit.

What is the difference in appearance

Answering the question of what is the difference between the cultures in question, it is worth considering their appearance. The cherry crown has a more rounded shape. Cherry is a large crop that reaches a height of 30 meters. An adult plant has the shape of a cone. The leaves are distinguished by a characteristic silvery sheen. At the same time, cherry foliage has a dark green color.

An important difference is the arrangement of berries and leaves on the trees. On the cherry, the foliage grows straight, and the berries grow in pairs. Cherries have downturned leaves. At the same time, the berries grow with a whole brush.

Trees also differ in the appearance of the bark. Cherry has a brown bark with a grayish color. Sweet cherries have a reddish-brown bark that has a silvery sheen.

Another difference is the structure of the root system. Cherry has different roots - they can be located horizontally or vertically. Sweet cherries always have a horizontal root system.

Cherry fruits can have different shades - from light yellow to black. Cherry berries always have a dark red or burgundy color. They are characterized by a tart smell with sour notes. The sweet cherry flavor is sweeter.

Difference in benefits

Cherries and cherries benefit the body. Both types of berries include many vitamins of groups B, C, A, E, PP. They also contain folic acid, iron and phosphorus. However, the main advantage of such fruits is the content of coumarins in them.They are biologically active substances that are required to maintain the tone of the body.

At the same time, it is quite difficult to distinguish the differences between the fruits and determine which berries are more useful. Due to approximately the same composition, the fruits help to achieve the following effects:

  • strengthen immunity;
  • reduce blood cholesterol;
  • increase hemoglobin levels;
  • reduce blood pressure;
  • strengthen the heart and blood vessels;
  • improve the functioning of the urinary organs;
  • restore metabolism;
  • improve the functions of the nervous system.

The pulp and juice of the fruit can be used for anemia, gout, colds. Also, these products are useful for overweight, dermatological pathologies, prostatitis, pancreatitis.

It is worth noting that not only berries, but also leaves bring benefits to cherries. They contain phytoncides. They are biologically active substances that inhibit the development of pathogenic bacteria.

During ripening

Cherry ripens first. Early varieties ripen in mid-May. Later varieties produce crops in June and July. Cherries ripen much later. This usually happens in July.

In the taste and purpose of fruits

Answering the question of how plants can be distinguished, it is worth noting the taste of fruits. Cherry has a sour taste with light sweet notes. Cherries are usually sweet with little to no acidity.

The taste of the fruit affects the features of their use. Cherry should be used for making compotes and jams. Cherry berries are recommended to be consumed fresh or frozen for the winter. At the same time, such fruits are usually not used for preparations, since they turn out to be too sweet.

In the area

Cherry is considered a cold-resistant crop.She thrives in temperate climates. When grown in the middle lane, plants do not require warming. Cherry grows well only in the south. She needs plenty of warmth and sun. In the middle lane, culture often freezes slightly.

Name of a hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries

A hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries is called a duke. Its name comes from the English hybrid May-Duc, which was obtained in the seventeenth century. In England, the culture did not take root. Today it is often used in Russia.

Duke is resistant to coccomycosis and moniliosis. The tree bears sweet fruits that have a slight sourness. The plant has an average winter hardiness. It can be grown in regions with an unstable climate. Another advantage of the plant is its high yield. It produces 1.5 times more berries than the main crops.

Cherry and sweet cherry are very common crops grown by many gardeners.These plants bear tasty and he althy fruits. They have many similar characteristics, but they also have many differences. The difference between crops concerns the appearance of trees and fruits. The taste of the berries and the features of their use also differ.

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