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How to transplant a pine from the forest to the site: when is it better to dig and plant to take root

How to transplant a pine from the forest to the site: when is it better to dig and plant to take root

Many summer residents are sure that it is not difficult to move a forest tree to a site. However, in reality this is not the case. In order for the tree to adapt normally to new conditions, it is worth understanding how you can transplant a pine tree from a forest to a site. In this case, it is necessary to take into account a number of nuances - choose the right place and time of planting, dig a quality seedling and provide it with proper care.

Transfer algorithm

In order for a pine transplant to a new location to be successful, it is important to follow a number of rules and recommendations.

Time for treatment

When is the best time to transplant a tree to a new location? It is best to do this in early spring, until active sap flow begins. In this case, it is required to choose a time when fairly warm weather is established. It is important to consider that the soil must still be sufficiently wet. Depending on regional characteristics, this may be the end of March, the first half of April or the beginning of May.

If you plan to plant in the autumn, it is best to do this from late August to October. In this case, it is important to perform the procedure before the arrival of frost. If the pine was chosen in the summer, it is not recommended to dig it right away. It is best to mark this place and return there in the fall.

It is important to strictly adhere to the timing of the landing work. If planted too late, there is a risk of death of the tree, since the root system will not have time to adapt to the arrival of frost. If you plant a pine tree too late in the spring, the root will not have time to take root.In this case, he will not be able to cope with the active growth of the tree.

How to choose the right seedling

In order for seedlings to take root, they need to be chosen correctly. It is important to take into account the following features:

  1. Optimal plant height is 50-70 centimeters. A young tree adapts better to new conditions and will not cause problems during transportation. It is best to give preference to culture from the outskirts or from the edge of the forest. Mountain pine takes root well.
  2. The tree needs to be dug in a circle, adhering to a diameter of 20-25 centimeters. After that, it must be gradually exposed and carefully pulled out of the soil. If the ground is very dry, it is recommended to water the seedling well before digging.
  3. Move forest pine is required with a clod of soil. The root system, protected by the earth, suffers less from the effects of stress.
  4. When digging up a pine, it is important to preserve the integrity of its roots. It is recommended to pay special attention to the taproot.
  5. On the road, the root system of the plant should not dry out. When transporting for a long time, the roots of the culture must be moistened.
  6. The root system should not remain open for a long time. It can be packed in a bag or package. It is not recommended to remove the soil from the roots. The plant must be transported with local soil.

Preparing the site

It is best to plant a pine tree in sandy or sandy soil. The optimal acidity parameters are 5.5-6.5. For growing a crop, do not use heavy clay or saline alkaline soil. Not a very good option would be fertile garden soil. To neutralize the acidity parameters, it is recommended to add lime to the composition - 250-300 grams. It must be thoroughly mixed with the ground.

When choosing a site for planting pine, it is important to ensure that there is no high groundwater.The seedling is recommended to be placed in well-lit areas. At first, a young tree should be shaded so that it does not get burned. It is better to plant a plant on a hill.

Preparing the pit for planting

The deepening for planting is worth digging at least a clod of earth. It is desirable that the pit exceed it at least 1.5-2 times. The hole should be filled with prepared sandy substrate. It should include earth, river sand, peat in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. You can also add a small amount of nitrogen fertilizer.

The resulting composition is dug up together with the excavated soil. The bottom of the planting recess must be covered with drainage if the selected area is located in a lowland or there is a high groundwater level. Crushed brick or expanded clay can be used as drainage. The thickness of this layer should be 10-15 centimeters.

Step by step transplant instructions

After choosing and preparing a landing site, you need to do the following:

  1. Determine the north and south sides on the tree. It is recommended to do this before digging up the culture. On the branch you need to make an appropriate note. You can also focus on the size of pine paws. On the south side, they are large and fluffy.
  2. Before planting a pine, its roots should be soaked in Kornevin's solution. You can also shed the landing recess with this tool.
  3. When using fertilizer, sprinkle it with earth. This will help avoid burning the root system of the tree.
  4. When planting, it is required to ensure that the root neck is located above the surface of the earth. Subsequently, the soil will settle, and the root collar will be level with the ground.
  5. Fill up the planting hole with soil and tamp. Then abundantly pour the area with warm settled water. Under 1 tree you need to pour at least 2 buckets of water.
  6. Carefully mulch the trunk circle. This can be done with peat or pine needles from the natural growth of the tree.

In the first time after planting, the pine needs to be shaded to protect the tree from the sun's rays. This is especially true when planting a crop in the spring. Autumn seedlings need to be tied up so that they do not break under the weight of snow.


For a culture to grow and develop normally, it needs to provide full and high-quality care.

Water and fertilize

Adult plants usually have enough moisture that they receive during precipitation. Therefore, they do not require additional watering. The exception is Rumeli pine, which needs to be moistened from time to time. This is especially true in summer - during a drought.

At the same time, young seedlings must be watered regularly. This is especially important to do in the summer heat. It is also required to moisten the soil in the fall to avoid freezing.

In the first 2-3 years after transplantation, pine trees need to be fed with complex mineral fertilizers. It is recommended to do this in spring and autumn. After the tree grows and gets stronger, it will provide itself with organic top dressing, receiving nutrients from coniferous litter.

Crown shaping and pruning

Seedlings need to start pruning the very next year after planting on the site. Be sure to carry out sanitary pruning. In this case, it is worth removing all dry and yellow branches. If required, you can adjust the shape and height of the culture.

Preparing for wintering

After planting a forest pine on the site, you need to make a shelter. To do this, you can use spruce branches, spunbond or burlap. It is not recommended to use the film, since fungal pathologies may appear during the thaw period. You only need to cover the landing for the first few years. This is not required for mature mature plants.

Before the arrival of cold weather, intensive watering is carried out. As a rule, 1-2 buckets of water are required for 1 tree. The volume is determined depending on the precipitation that falls in the fall. When transplanting trees from the forest to sunny areas, spruce branches should be used. Too much light can cause burns.

Tips for beginners

In order to grow transplanted pine trees successfully, it is important to follow these rules:

  • you can not store a seedling with bare roots;
  • it is forbidden to deepen the root neck of the plant;
  • Don't plant a tree in fertile garden soil.

Transplantation of forest pine to a garden plot has a number of important features. Compliance with the rules helps to speed up the adaptation of the tree to new conditions and get a strong, viable plant.

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