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How to make a bed from scratch without weeds: weeding ideas and methods

How to make a bed from scratch without weeds: weeding ideas and methods

The fight against unwanted vegetation takes a lot of time and effort, so everyone is interested in the question: how to make a garden bed from scratch without weeds? To prevent the growth of weeds, a number of preparatory work must be carried out. The earth is dug up, removing weed roots from it, leveled, covered with a mulching film. Growing weeds in an open field are mowed, pulled out or sprayed with chemicals.

Main types of weeds growing in vegetable gardens

Without exception, gardeners know that in order to get a good harvest, the land on which crops grow must be fertilized and watered. True, concern for the fertility of the soil leads to the fact that instead of sown plants, weeds grow in the garden.

Weeds are characterized by faster development, resistance to all weather conditions, aggressive spread. They take away water and nutrients from the main crops. In the struggle for existence in the garden, cultivated plants often lose.

Weeds and control measures:

  • ragweed (mulching, weeding, pesticide treatment Roundup, Tornado);
  • pimento (weeding, spraying with herbicides Tornado, Lapis lazuli);
  • bindweed (digging the soil, multiple cutting, herbicide treatment Chistoryad, Ground);
  • highlander (weeding, spraying with pesticides Gezagard, Betanal);
  • wood louse (soil mulching, weeding, use of chemicals Pyramin, Diphenamid);
  • field fire (mulching, weeding, herbicides Calcium cyanamide, Diphenamide);
  • nettle (weeding, digging the soil, mulching beds, spraying with pesticides Glyphos, Tornado);
  • spurge (weeding, treatment with herbicides Esteron, Chistalan);
  • dandelion (mulching, weeding, irrigation with pesticides Agrokson, Metafen);
  • plantain (weeding, herbicide treatment Lontrel, Ballet);
  • wheatgrass (digging the soil, weeding, mulching);
  • thistle (digging the soil, weeding).

Weeds are fought as they appear. As a preventive measure, the earth in the garden is dug up in the fall. When turning over a layer of earth, weed roots appear on the surface, which are simply selected. There are other measures to combat unwanted vegetation.

How to organize a weed-free bed

It is necessary to deal with unwanted vegetation systematically and consistently. If it is left unattended for some time, then soon the entire garden will be populated with weeds. Simple ideas and ways to control weeds will help gardeners win this tough fight.

Herbicide treatment

You can deal with weeds without weeding. Herbicides in large farms have been used for many decades, and only a few use them in personal gardens. These chemicals make it easy to quickly deal with any weeds.

Herbicides (Lontrel, Roundup, Lapis Lazuli) have selective activity, that is, they act only on weeds, and do not cause any harm to cultivated plants.

You can buy a herbicide at any department selling seeds or fertilizers. Before use, the preparations are diluted with water in the dosage indicated in the instructions. Typically, the field is treated with a herbicide solution in early spring, before or after sowing. Herbicides are sprayed on young weeds.

Chemicals burn or wilt weeds and then completely disintegrate in the ground after a few weeks.

Typically, the field is sprayed with herbicide only once per season.

Mechanical struggle for purity

In order to get rid of weeds, it must be fought. The easiest way is to cut the weeds at the root. True, after some time they will grow again. If new shoots appear, they are removed again. In the end, the plant will run out of strength, it will not be able to reproduce the aerial part and will die.

Mowing is used to combat perennials. Annuals can be defeated by weeding. Weeds along with roots are pulled out of the ground. For weeding use a chopper, Fokin flat cutter.


Without exception, plants need sunlight for life and normal development. If the bed is covered with black plastic wrap or agrofibre, then in the dark all life processes will stop.Mulching can kill not only sprouts, but also the roots of weeds that cannot live without food.

The soil covered with a film will have to be artificially irrigated and fertilized. Bark, sawdust, peat, hay, straw can be used as mulch.

Fire treatment

Weeds can be controlled with fire. In dry calm weather, you need to take a blowtorch and walk around the garden with it. Only weeds should be set on fire. It is advisable to carry out this procedure in early spring - before planting vegetables, or in late autumn - after harvesting. Weeds are destroyed by a sliding flame. The fire must touch the plants.

The earth itself must not be set on fire, otherwise a fire may occur.

Sowing green manure

This is a completely harmless biological method of weed control. As soon as a place is freed up in the garden so that it does not overgrow with weeds, green manure is sown.These are plants that are sown for a short time, without waiting for the harvest, they are mowed and buried in the ground so that they decompose there, and later serve as a nutrient medium for new crops.

Phacelia, lupine, sweet clover, oil radish, white mustard, peas, oats, clover, rapeseed can be used as green manure.

Folk ways and means

Weeds can be fought with folk methods. The beds are treated with substances that can be found in the kitchen cabinet. In small quantities, these drugs will not do any harm to the soil.

S alt

You can destroy weeds in the field with table s alt. Stumps, garden paths, areas with paving slabs are sprinkled with dry matter. From above, the sprinkled place must be covered with plastic wrap so that the s alt is not soaked by precipitation. True, this method is not suitable for spraying the garden.

To control weeds in the garden, you need to prepare a solution. Usually one package of s alt is taken per bucket of water. You can add 0.5 liters of vinegar and a glass of liquid dishwashing detergent to the liquid. Weeds are sprayed with this mixture, they die in 1-3 days.


Ordinary soda will help get rid of weeds. A solution is prepared for spraying. On a bucket of water take half a pack of soda and some liquid soap for sticking.

It is advisable to use the product in the early stages of weed growth.

Alcohol solution

The method of processing beds with alcohol came to us from the USA. There, this method of weed control was used in the 30s of the last century during Prohibition.

According to this method, the beds are watered with an alcohol solution in early spring. On a bucket of water take a bottle of vodka.After such watering, the weeds sprout together, they are immediately weeded. Then proceed to the landing work. Thanks to a single treatment of the soil with alcohol for the entire season, you can forget about such a problem as weeds.


You can get rid of unwanted vegetation with the help of 9% table vinegar. True, they can be watered with weeds only on garden paths. For spraying weeds growing in the garden, you need to prepare an vinegar solution.

Take vinegar and water in a ratio of 1:1, 1:2 or 1:3. The stronger the weediness of the field, the higher the concentration of the mixture. With an abundance of weeds, the solution is prepared from equal proportions of vinegar and water. Weeds are irrigated with vinegar mixture in dry and calm weather. You can add a little liquid soap or shampoo to the liquid for better adhesion.

Boiling water

A bed in early spring can be watered with boiling water. Hot water will burn any weed seeds that are on the surface of the soil. Boiling water can be poured over weeds that have grown near the garden path. Adding s alt will enhance the effect of hot water.

Expert Tips

In the area with weeds, they fight using mulch (gravel, film) or planting ground cover plants (nasturtium, mint, periwinkle, saxifrage). In the garden, weed control is carried out mainly by weeding or mowing. The use of mulch involves the construction of an artificial irrigation system.

Spraying with herbicides will help ease the work of gardeners. Herbicide treatment is carried out once, at the very beginning of weed growth (in spring).

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