Berries

Raspberry variety Monomakh's Hat: description and characteristics, planting and how to care

Raspberry variety Monomakh's Hat: description and characteristics, planting and how to care
Anonim

Among the fruitful new products, Monomakh's Cap stands out, a remontant raspberry variety bred by Russian scientists more than 10 years ago. Currently, a new variety of berry crops is not registered in the registers and has been withdrawn from varietal trials. But gardeners and gardeners with great pleasure grow large and tasty raspberries in their backyards. What the new crop fell in love with, and how to get a harvest of juicy and he althy berries, we will find out in detail further.

Description and characteristics of raspberries Monomakh's Hat

The plant is characterized by small, compact bushes, reaching no more than 1.5 m during the growing season.

  1. The bush is formed from 4-5 powerful, spreading and branching shoots of a bright emerald hue.
  2. In the process of growth, hard and sharp purple spikes are formed on the branches of the plant, located at the bottom of the bush.
  3. Leaf plates - characteristic of a berry crop, the upper part of the plate is bright green in color, the reverse side of the leaves is whitish.
  4. During the flowering period, racemose inflorescences form on the shoots, in which, after flowering, fruit ovaries appear.
  5. The variety is capable of self-pollination, but neighbors with similar flowering periods are recommended to increase fruiting.
  6. The ripening of berries depends on the weather conditions of the growing region. In southern climates, berries are harvested in early August.In temperate latitudes, fruit ripening occurs 2-3 weeks later. In the northern regions, Monomakh's Hat does not have time to ripen in open ground, therefore it is recommended for growing in greenhouse conditions.
  7. Raspberries of this variety are remontant, in the southern sun it manages to produce 2 crops per season. While summer berries ripen on the shoots of the previous year, autumn fruits, which are larger, ripen on young branches.
  8. Berries of a bright red hue, in the shape of a cone, with an average weight of 12 to 15 g, there are specimens up to 20 g.
  9. With proper and timely care, up to 7 kilograms of tasty, sweet and juicy fruits are obtained from each plant.
  10. The berries are dense, not prone to falling off and cracking, easily tolerate transportation and storage.
  11. The taste of fruits is sweet, with a slight sourness and small drupes. Berries are consumed fresh or used for various preparations.

Important! Raspberry Hat Monomakh received excellent resistance to weather changes and frosts from mother varieties.

Pros and cons

To grow he althy, fruitful berry bushes, you need to find out all the pros and cons of the plant.

Dignity:

  • universal purpose of berries;
  • stable, annual fruiting, high yields;
  • large size and excellent taste characteristics of ripe fruits;
  • manifestation of repair abilities;
  • high frost resistance, plants tolerate short frosts down to -25 degrees;
  • long-term storage and the possibility of long-distance transportation of the harvested crop.

Flaws:

  • weak natural immunity to diseases and harmful insects;
  • inability to grow raspberries in cold climates;
  • pickiness of the variety to the composition of the soil.

Important! Raspberry Monomakh prefers fertile soil with low acid levels. Otherwise, the berry bushes stop growing and developing.

Specific cultivation of the variety

Varietal raspberry seedlings are purchased from nurseries or garden centers. Plants are inspected for lesions and damage. For growing raspberries choose flat, well-lit land, closed from gusty winds and drafts.

  1. The soil is carefully dug up to a depth of 25 cm, loosened.
  2. Depending on the composition of the soil, organic and mineral elements are added.
  3. The presence of groundwater is allowed at a level not higher than 1.5 m from the surface of the earth.
  4. 2-3 weeks before planting, holes are dug up to a depth of 35-40 cm in the prepared area.
  5. The distance between seedlings is kept within 1-1.5 m, between rows - up to 2 m.
  6. A drainage layer of fine stone is laid out at the bottom of the hole, fertile soil is poured on top.
  7. A seedling is placed on top of the mound, the rhizomes are carefully straightened and added dropwise to the root collar.
Complete planting work with abundant watering and tying bushes to support pegs or structures.

Advice! To provide the necessary soil moisture and get rid of weed removal, the soil under the plants is mulched with dry grass or wet sawdust.

The subtleties of caring for raspberries

In the first season of growth and development, seedlings have enough nutrients introduced into the soil during planting. Further, the bushes require abundant watering, fertilizing and timely pruning that normalizes fruiting.

Feeding

Caring for a remontant culture is not difficult. Organic and mineral fertilizers are used to feed berry bushes:

  • in spring and early summer, raspberries are fed with nitrogen-containing organic matter, which helps the growth and development of the green cover of the bushes;
  • at the time of formation of ovaries and ripening of fruits, a balanced mineral complex based on potassium and phosphorus is introduced into the soil;
  • in the process of preparing plants for winter rest, the bushes are fertilized with organic and mineral additives.

Advice! Feeding raspberries is best combined with watering and weeding.

Water and loosening

The quality and taste of ripening berries depend on proper watering. With a lack of moisture, the fruits become smaller. Irrigation of bushes is carried out in the morning or in the evening, pouring up to 20 liters of moisture under each plant. In the southern latitudes, raspberries are watered 3-4 times a month, in drought the number of irrigations is increased by 2 times.

In temperate climates, watering is regulated based on weather conditions. Soil loosening is carried out immediately after the completion of irrigation work.

Cutting

Pruning of bushes is carried out after harvesting or in spring, before bud break. Remove all dry, old, broken and damaged branches. Under the condition of possible frosts, the plants are completely pruned.

Wintering

In the southern climate, raspberry Monomakh's Hat does not require additional insulation for the winter. In other cases, cut bushes are covered with a thick layer of humus, spruce branches or dry foliage.

Reproduction

The varietal crop is propagated by cuttings and layering. The cuttings are cut from adult bushes, the tips are treated with a growth stimulator and placed in a container with water. After the roots appear, the seedlings are planted in fertile soil, and in the spring they are transferred to a permanent place of growth.

For reproduction by layering in adult bushes, a strong lower branch is chosen, which is bent down and dug in with earth. After the roots appear, the cuttings are separated from the mother plant and planted in a separate hole.

Protection of plants from diseases and pests

The raspberry variety Monomakh's Hat is susceptible to various fungal, viral and bacterial diseases. In order not to lose the crop and keep the plants he althy, the bushes are treated annually with fungicides.Harmful insects are de alt with using biological or chemical preparations, as well as folk methods.

Harvest and storage of crops

Ripe berries are easily separated from the stalk. The harvested crop is placed in specially prepared containers and sent for storage or processing. Raspberries can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 6 days.

Berries are used to make jam, juices and nectars, and are added to desserts and pastries. Also, large fruits are frozen and dried.

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