Beekeeping

Thymol for bees: instructions for use and composition, processing rules

Thymol for bees: instructions for use and composition, processing rules
Anonim

Without proper care, the bee colony is exposed to parasites and diseases, which increases the risk of losing the apiary. For treatment and preventive treatment, the universal drug "Tymol" is used, which for bees is an excellent protection against acarapidosis, varroatosis and other dangerous diseases. In what other cases is Timol used, and how to use the drug correctly, we will look into the details further.

Composition and formulation of the drug

"Thymol" is a 100% natural drug, characterized by antiseptic, antifungal, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects, strengthens the immune system of hardworking insects.

The composition of the remedy includes:

  • cresols or methylphenol - organic compounds with a strong disinfectant effect;
  • organic substance isopropyl is a natural antiseptic, characterized by fungicidal properties;
  • thyme extract actively counteracts fungi, viruses, bacteria and parasites that can develop in the body of insects.

The drug is produced in the form of a white powder or crystals, soluble in hot liquid, ether, acetic acid and alcohol. The remedy has a pleasant aroma with a tart, burning tinge.

Timol goes on sale in hermetically sealed bags, weighing from 5 g to 2 kg, or in glass bottles, packaged in 3 g.

Important! The drug "Tymol" is not soluble in cold water, not compatible with menthol and camphor substances.

Principle and scope

In beekeeping, the drug is used as a preventive and therapeutic agent.

  1. Varroa parasitic mite carried by drones, spreads rapidly in brood. Without timely treatment, the entire hive family is affected by varroatosis and dies.
  2. Acarapis voodoo tracheal mite breeds in the respiratory organs of bees. If timely measures are not taken when an infection with acarapidosis is detected, the insects die.
  3. Nosema disease most often occurs in late winter or early spring. The bees weaken, the belly of the insects swells greatly, and the digestive system is upset. Without treatment, the family dies.
  4. Foulbrood lesion is an infectious disease that poses a danger to insect brood. Without intervention, the disease spreads rapidly, which increases the risk of complete extinction of the apiary.
  5. Fungal infection ascopherosis affects the brood of insects that die while in a cocoon state. To avoid infection, the hives are treated with the drug.

To avoid the death of insects and the loss of the bee apiary, Timol is used in dry form or a solution is made based on hot water or sugar syrup.

Important! Before using the medicinal product, a thorough inspection of hives and insects should be carried out.

Rules for application in beekeeping

"Thymol" is used, strictly adhering to the instructions for the drug.

  1. Prophylactic treatment and treatment of insects is recommended in early spring or autumn, after the activity of bees decreases.
  2. It is also necessary to take into account the weather conditions of the insect breeding region. Successfully undergoes treatment at a temperature not lower than +7 and not higher than +27 degrees.
  3. It is forbidden to use the drug while extracting honey. If at this moment the bees are being treated, then the procedures are completed 7-10 days before the planned withdrawal of nectar from the hives.

Use the following ways of using "Tymol":

  • granules in the amount of 3 g are diluted in 100 ml of hot water, and then mixed with 25 liters of sugar syrup. For each frame spend 100 g of the finished solution. The course of treatment is 4 days with an interval of 5 days;
  • dry granules are poured into natural linen bags and placed in hives for 14 days;
  • seven of the drug and sugar syrup are sprayed into the hives, after which it is closed for 2 days;
  • treatment in the amount of 3 g is mixed with 10 kg of candi and spread 40 g of the nutrient mixture in each frame. The course of treatment is 3 days with breaks for 5 days.

Important! The use of "Timol" reduces the risk of insect damage by diseases and parasites, is used as the main remedy, helps to increase the brood, increases the immunity and productivity of bees.

Contraindications, side effects and restrictions on use

With proper dosages and methods of application, the natural preparation is completely safe for insects, does not affect the quality and composition of honey.

To work with the drug, you must follow some safety measures:

  • not recommended for use in small, weak families;
  • getting on the skin and mucous membranes, "Tymol" causes severe irritation and burns, so contact with it should be avoided;
  • if it enters human blood, the drug can cause paralysis and death.

Important! To avoid unpleasant consequences, when working with Timol, they use a protective suit, a respirator and gloves.

Expiration date and storage conditions

Store the drug in its original packaging, in a dark, cool place, away from food, small children and pets. Subject to all conditions, Timol remains active for 2 years.

Means analogues

As analogues of "Timol" for the fight against diseases and parasites, drugs based on amitraz compounds are used. "Apitak", "Bipin", "Tanis", "Yantrin" and "Taktik" also show high efficiency in the treatment of bees.

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