Pavilion for bees: maintenance rules and how to do it yourself, drawings

Pavilion for bees: maintenance rules and how to do it yourself, drawings

The view of an ordinary apiary is a row of beehives on a site in nature. But there are also non-standard installation methods - pavilions for bees. Consider what it is, what types exist, the advantages and disadvantages of designs. How to make a pavilion with your own hands, what materials and tools you will need. How to keep bees in such facilities.

Types of pavilions for bees

A pavilion is a light building or mobile structure that is erected to save apiary area. It fits 10-40 standard hives.


Stays in one place, cannot be moved. The basis of the structure is made of steel, the hives are made of plywood. In such a building there is a room for the beekeeper, where you can store inventory.

Stationary pavilions are similar to a summer house, but installed on a cast or columnar foundation. You can easily conduct light and even water into it, insulate it. Even in a building without heating in winter, the bees are not cold if the building is oriented with a long wall to the southwest or southeast.


It can fit up to 46 families. Hives are like lockers with drawers that slide out. The cassette type is convenient because the hives are easy to maintain without disturbing the rest of the bees. The structure can be both mobile and stationary. Popular for its versatility and convenience.


It is usually built on a trailer. Because of this, the pavilion can be transported anywhere on any day. It also makes a room for a beekeeper and a compartment for hives.

Pros and cons

Advantages of pavilions for bees:

  • saving space on the site;
  • facilitating the work of the beekeeper;
  • easier to feed a family;
  • it is easier to maintain the optimum temperature inside;
  • can work in any weather;
  • Easier to equalize families;
  • easy to transport all hives at once;
  • easy to maintain;
  • you can arrange wintering bees on the spot.

Bee pavilion is not without flaws. This is the need to work in the dark and the fact that due to the proximity of the hives, insects can confuse families.

Drawings and dimensions

The size of the structure for bee colonies can be different.Depends on the number of hives. But it is also necessary to provide that the structure also has a domestic area. When calculating, you need to take into account the width of the trailer and the dimensions of the fasteners. On average, a pavilion for 20 families is optimal for a home apiary.

When creating the dimensions of the structure, it must be taken into account that the ceiling must be the height of a person, the width of the passage is 0.8 m. So much is needed to move freely and work with frames.

Tools and materials

To build a pavilion, you need to prepare a welding machine, a jack, a hammer, a saw. You will also need door and window hinges, nails, screws, fasteners. What materials to take: boards, plywood sheets, chipboard, wood or metal beams for the frame. For the roof, you need to purchase sheet iron or roofing material, polystyrene for insulation, paint for painting walls.

To measure the accuracy of the location of parts of the structure horizontally and vertically, you need to purchase a level, tape measure.


Building a pavilion is, of course, not easy. It will take many hours to prepare and put the pieces together.

Assembly process

First you need to make a frame, for which you weld the metal parts and weld them alternately on the platform. Then make the cladding and roof, install the door, equip the beekeeper's room with everything necessary.

After that, install compartments and feeders in the finished building. Usually hives are placed under both sides of the building. Feeders can be outdoor and indoor. The latter are divided into 3 types:

  • ceiling - boxes in which you can put food without opening the hives, suitable for winter feeding;
  • frame like a frame, installed near nests, recommended for use in autumn;
  • plastic ceiling tiles with a high level of functionality.

Can be made from bottles that are placed at the bottom of the hives, one-time use. Outdoor feeders are common and mounted, which are attached to the letnik. You don't need to open the bees to feed the bees. The disadvantage of outdoor feeders is that outsiders can feed on them.


To make work more convenient and comfortable, lighting is carried out inside the room. The lamps will work from the nearest power line. You can use conventional lamps or fluorescent, but it is better to combine both types. Incandescent lamps must be protected by shades.

Both types of lamps can produce light that is uniform without shadows.


Warming will help the bees feel more comfortable, will maintain the temperature inside the room without significant drops. As an insulating material, roofing material or mineral wool is used, which is placed between plywood sheets. Slots, joints should be closed with a thick film.

If the winters are frosty, then such insulation may not be enough. It is necessary to make electric heating with automatic switching on, capable of maintaining the temperature at a given level. The system will turn on when the temperature drops below the set point. Automatic switching on and off will save money on electricity bills, protect bees from cooling in frost.


In order for the pavilion to be ventilated correctly and to receive enough air, it is necessary to install forced ventilation. After all, the air that comes naturally may not be enough. Supply ventilation is easy to install: install a pipe with a mesh on one wall of the building, and bring the same piece of pipe out in front of it. There, the pipe should rise 1.2 m above the roof. For ventilation, exhaust hatches can be made in the ceiling.


When the pavilion is assembled, you need to equip the utility room. In mobile versions, the rooms are usually located at the back and are through to pass from them to the hives. In stationary, the room is located on the side. They store inventory, feed, tools, a small honey extractor.

Content Tips

The main thing when keeping bees in the pavilion is to prevent swarming in a timely manner. To do this, the bees must constantly work. Every year, up to 80% of the queens need to be replaced with young ones. You will have to ensure that the temperature is almost constant, which is achieved by ventilation and heating.

To reduce the aggressiveness of bees, the inner walls of the house should be painted white. From the street, each hive must be painted in different colors, by which it will be easier for insects to find their hive.

The pavilion for bees solves many tasks of the beekeeper. No need to collect the hives separately and transport them on a trailer. It is easier to take care of a compact apiary, since everything is in one place, and, as practice has shown, bees give more honey than with a standard content.

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