Central Russian bee: description and characteristics of the breed, pros and cons

Central Russian bee: description and characteristics of the breed, pros and cons

It is important for beginner beekeepers to choose the right breed of insects. For apiaries that are located in regions with harsh climatic conditions, Central Russian bees are ideal. They are considered quite hardy and hardworking. In order for insects to bring a lot of honey, it is important for them to provide suitable conditions for keeping. Prevention of disease and parasite attacks are of great importance.

Description of the Central Russian breed

Russian bees are characterized by the following distinctive features:

  • body length - 12 millimeters;
  • short proboscis - does not exceed 6.5 millimeters;
  • the volume of the honey goiter is 20 cubic centimeters;
  • wing length - 9.7 mm;

Bees of this breed are characterized by an unusual color, which is a cross between dark brown and gray. Some varieties of these insects are completely black.

Queen of the breed

The uterus is the only full-fledged female that has developed genitals. It is grown in special cells called queen cells. After 3 days after laying the egg, a larva appears, which is fed with royal jelly. It contains many proteins.

The larva develops rapidly. After 9 days, it is sealed in a honeycomb cell for 8 days. During this time, the larva will turn into a chrysalis, and then into a real uterus.The period of development from egg to uterus takes only 17 days. On the 4th day of life, the uterus flies out of the hive to get acquainted with the area. After 10 days, she makes the first mating with a drone.

At the initial stage, the female lays a maximum of 1 thousand eggs. However, over time, this figure increases to 3 thousand eggs. The life expectancy of the uterus is 5-8 years.

It is important to consider that the queen bee of the Central Russian breed does not get along with other females. A swarm of bees drives young females out of the hive to protect the queen.


This breed is considered the most beneficial for breeding, as it has a high degree of frost resistance. Insects are able to withstand temperatures down to -40 degrees. Other features of such bees include:

  • capable of withstanding up to 7 months of dormancy;
  • do not activate during thaws;
  • are highly efficient;
  • not as susceptible to toxic substances and infections;
  • have a high tendency to swarm;
  • considered quite aggressive;
  • have no tendency to steal honey.

Content Features

To achieve good results in breeding such bees, it is required to prepare a family with a strength of up to 12 streets from autumn. In this case, the amount of feed for the winter should be at least 25 kilograms. As a top dressing, it is recommended to use honey, not sugar syrup. In the spring, the family should be set out as early as possible for a flight. At the same time, the colony is reduced, and sealed brood is placed in the vacant space.

It is recommended to strengthen the bee colony not immediately, but step by step. By the time the queens are hatched, the strength of the family should be 18 streets. When the required number of drones is formed in the hive, it is recommended to place the uterus in a special insulator of 2 frames. After 8 days, the queen is removed with open brood.

The next step is to make room in the hive for more bees. To do this, it is recommended to remove several frames and install a liner. It is worth placing honey on the frame for nutrition, and after a few hours a grafting frame is inserted into the resulting space. After 18 hours, it is removed and a new frame is installed.

After 10 days, all queen cells must be isolated. After 2-3 days, you can start taking queens. When the queens start coming out, the family should be divided into 10-11 parts.

Spreading areas

Apiary with such bees can be placed throughout Russia, except for the Far North. It is desirable that the farm is located as close as possible to the honey collection. The distance of the apiary from the field should be a maximum of 2 meters.

Bees collect honey until the end of July. Insects of this breed are considered picky. They pollinate linden and buckwheat, but do not travel long distances in search of other plants.

In the south, the hives need to be placed in the shade. In cold regions, this should be done in the sun. At the same time, the apiary should not coexist with livestock farms, ponds, cereal fields and coniferous forests.

Pros and cons

The advantages of Central Russian bees include:

  • frost resistance;
  • resistance to diseases and parasites;
  • high productivity;
  • endurance;
  • minimum feed consumption in winter;
  • high honey yields.
The main disadvantage of such bees is considered to be aggressive. In addition, attention must be paid to the fight against swarming. Insects do not switch well from one type of plant to another.

The Central Russian breed of bees has many advantages. It is characterized by high productivity. These insects produce a lot of high-quality honey and are undemanding to the conditions of detention.

This page in other languages: