Bruise honey plant: description of the plant, when to sow, planting and growing grass, useful properties

Bruise honey plant: description of the plant, when to sow, planting and growing grass, useful properties

Common bruise is a weed that is often used to make medicines. Also, the bruise is a good honey plant, which is able to attract many bees. It is important to bear in mind that this herb is considered poisonous and can cause serious harm to people. To avoid this, it is important to consider a number of nuances when growing a plant.

Description and characteristics of the plant

Common bruise is a meadow biennial plant that reaches a height of 1.5 meters. In poor soil, its dimensions do not exceed 50 centimeters.The culture is covered with fluff and prickly bristles. It has an upright stiff stem that is wind resistant.

This plant is characterized by a tap root that goes deep into the ground. The bushes are covered with simple narrow-lanceolate leaves and blue or pink flowers that form paniculate inflorescences. Flowering culture lasts from June to September. The specific dates depend on the weather.

All parts of the culture contain poisonous substances. Despite this, the culture has pronounced beneficial properties. It is considered an effective honey plant. In addition, the culture is often used as green manure to improve the quality of the soil.

Application in beekeeping

Bruise is considered a useful honey plant. Its flowers have a bright color, which helps the bees to easily find this culture. At the same time, the bruise gives nectar at any time of the day and in different weather.The peak of honey collection is observed at noon. In terms of its honey productivity, grass is second only to linden.

Honey obtained from this crop has a dense texture and a light beige color. The product retains a liquid consistency for a long time. In addition, it has a pleasant taste and pronounced aroma. Over time, the mass becomes thicker.

The flowers of the plant actively secrete nectar at the initial stage of flowering, when they have a light pink hue. Each bud contains 10-15 milligrams of nectar. Other benefits of the plant include the following:

  • grass grows in any soil;
  • plant does not need care;
  • culture is considered undemanding to the weather;
  • crop does not need to be watered, fertilized or weeded;
  • grass has high honey productivity;
  • honey obtained from common bruise has pronounced medicinal properties;
  • grass can grow in the same place for a long time;
  • honey plant attracts bees even a few kilometers from the hive.

Timing and sowing bruise

To grow an ordinary bruise on your own, you need to follow some rules of agricultural technology. When choosing the time to plant a plant, it is important to take into account the climate of the region. When planting seeds in autumn, it is recommended to do this before frost. Otherwise, there is a risk of fragile sprouts that will simply die in winter. Also, an ordinary bruise can be planted in late spring or early July.

The plant is recommended to be grown in open sunny areas. At the same time, it is considered undemanding to the composition of the soil. To achieve more active flowering, the crop should be grown in loose and fertile soil, which is characterized by neutral or slightly alkaline parameters.

The bruise is recommended to be planted in prepared soil manually or using a special seeder. The plant should not be placed very densely. Approximately 5 kilograms of seeds will be needed per 1 hectare. They need to be buried in the ground by 1-3 centimeters. Seeds germinate at a temperature of +10 degrees. At the same time, the optimal temperature for the development of culture is + 20-28 degrees.

The bruise does not require special care. However, the application of organic fertilizers will help improve the development of the bushes. Thanks to this, it will be possible to get more flowers and increase the honey productivity of the grass.

The plant is drought tolerant and does not need to be watered. The bruise is considered a competitor for other cultures, because it contributes to their displacement. Subsequently, the grass spreads itself and blooms in continuous arrays.

After how many days it blooms and what is its productivity

In the middle lane, the bruise blooms from early June to mid-July. 1 flower is able to bring 2.5 milligrams of nectar. At the same time, up to 500 kilograms of honey can be obtained from 1 hectare. Experienced beekeepers say that 4-5 bee colonies can be placed on 1 hectare.

Bees fly around the flowers of this plant throughout the day - until sunset. In the south, the daily bribe per 1 bee colony is 8 kilograms, in the middle lane this figure reaches 4 kilograms.

Bruise is a productive honey plant that allows you to get a lot of quality and he althy nectar. At the same time, the culture is undemanding to growing conditions.

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