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Mycorrhiza for seedlings: methods of application and types of substances, useful tips

Mycorrhiza for seedlings: methods of application and types of substances, useful tips

The use of special mushrooms when planting plants is considered a novelty in gardening, which is not known to everyone. However, mycorrhizal fungi in contact with plants can cause root symbiosis and improve vegetation. Previously, mycorrhiza was used when planting conifers, since they require acidic soil. Today, methods of using mycorrhiza for seedlings have found wide application.

What is mycorrhiza?

This term refers to the symbiosis of the root system of higher plants and fungal mycelium. During evolution, it has become so strong that now fungi and plants are very important to each other.Roots serve as a source of hormones, simple carbohydrates and amino acids for mushrooms. In return, plants receive moisture, phosphorus and nutrients.

Mycorrhiza is formed by higher and lower mushrooms. They synthesize a special protein - glomalin, which affects the fertility of the soil. The substance is not capable of isolating only oyster mushrooms, champignons, honey mushrooms. Umbrellas and dung beetles don't do it either.

Why use mycorrhizal fungi on the farm

Mycorrhizal fungi are used quite often in agriculture today. Their main benefits include the following:

  1. Significant increase in the area of receiving moisture. Fungal hyphae can dive hundreds of meters from the center and receive water from the depth. As a result, when dry weather sets in, plants that are in symbiosis with mycelium significantly increase the chances of survival. This reduces the need for irrigation.
  2. Increasing the number of useful items. Mycelium actively participates in the decomposition of complex organic substances into simpler ones. Mushrooms serve as a source of potassium, zinc, nitrogen and other elements. This helps to minimize the need for fertilizer.
  3. Protection against diseases and parasites. Mycorrhiza secretes special enzymes. This helps create a strong chemical barrier around the roots. As a result, their resistance to pathogens and parasites increases.
  4. Improving the quality of the soil. The mushroom picker secretes a special protein - glomalin. It contributes to the stabilization of the soil and slows down the processes of erosion. In addition, the substance provides purification from excess acids and s alts.
  5. Increasing the yield of fruit plants. This fact was confirmed by scientists during experiments.
  6. Exchange of useful items. Fungal hyphae are able to invade the cells of many cultures. This helps to create unique traffic through which useful elements are exchanged. This has a positive effect on the life of cultures.

Types of mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza are divided into several varieties:

  1. Ectotrophic - in this case, the fungal mycelium envelops the root system of plants from the outside.
  2. Endotrophic - fungal mycelium enters the root tissue.
  3. Ectoendotrophic - characterized by mixed interaction.

How to use mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza can be used to treat seed material during stratification. To make the plants as strong as possible, their seeds are recommended to be processed at the stage of preparation for planting.

If the grains require stratification, they should be wrapped in a cloth soaked in a nutrient solution. To prepare it, you need to take 1 gram of mycorrhiza powder and white clay and mix with 5 tablespoons of water. This volume is enough for the spread of endomycorrhiza spores over a plot of 10 acres.

If there is no need for stratification, it is enough to lower the seeds into a mash and plant. It is advisable to pre-treat the grains with hydrogen peroxide at a concentration of 3% or vodka, and then rinse in running water.

In order for the seedlings to develop better, you can also use a mycorrhiza solution for its processing. To do this, you need to take filtered or distilled water. It is strictly forbidden to use water containing chlorine. This substance will kill the mushrooms.

The working solution should be watered into the soil 2-3 days before planting seedlings. After that, the bushes are recommended to be treated with a working myco-solution. This must be done with every dive procedure.

Helpful tips

When using mycorrhiza, it is recommended to follow these rules:

  1. During the first two weeks after application, the substrate should remain moist. After this period, the soil should be watered regularly. It is important that the soil does not dry out.
  2. When using mycorrhiza, it is forbidden to add antifungal substances to the soil.
  3. For accelerated colonization, it is worth feeding mycorrhiza with carbohydrates. This will help provide the mushrooms with nutrients and speed up their development.

The use of mycorrhiza in agriculture helps to achieve a number of beneficial effects and increase crop yields. At the same time, it is important to follow the rules for the manufacture and application of the working fluid.

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