Flowers, herbs

Grass regan (raikhon): description, properties and use, contraindications

Grass regan (raikhon): description, properties and use, contraindications

Regan grass is better known as basil and is considered one of the most popular herbs grown as a condiment. The culture is found in different countries of the world. For its successful cultivation, you need to know all the nuances that relate to planting and care. Below are the main features of the herb regan (Raikhon), as well as its description, properties and uses.

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Regan grass is mostly known in Russia as fragrant basil. This plant is also called by the following terms:

  • rayhon;
  • reihan;
  • reagan;
  • regan.

This plant is a herbaceous annual crop from the Lamiaceae family. The grass is characterized by straight, tetrahedral stems that are strongly branched and form many leaves. The height of the culture reaches 70 centimeters. The foliage has a green or purple color and is fixed on the stem on small petioles. It is distinguished by an elongated ovoid shape and has sparse teeth along the edges. Leaves, stem and calyx densely covered with fine hairs.

Two-lipped flowers are usually white or light pink. Sometimes they are purple and grow from the axils of the upper leaves or bracts, which are in irregular whorls.

The fruit includes 4 small dark brown nuts. As they mature, they separate from each other. The mass of 1000 seeds is 0.5-0.8 grams.Grains retain their sowing characteristics for 4-5 years. The root system of the plant is branched and has a superficial location.

Distribution area

In nature, regan grass grows on the island of Madagascar, in the northeastern regions of Africa and in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. In Russia, basil is most often grown in the Voronezh region. Also, grass grows well in the North Caucasus.

Methods of reproduction

Grass propagates by seed. It is planted in greenhouses in the second half of March. Seedlings usually grow 40-45 days. At the same time, seedlings can be moved to open soil in May.

What substances are included in the composition

Regan grass has a complex chemical composition. It contains essential oils. Moreover, their number depends on the conditions for the growth of culture and the period of its development. The maximum number of such components is observed at the stage of culture budding. At this time, basil contains 3.5-5% of these components.

An important element that is included in the essential oil of the culture is D-camphor. This substance is perfectly soluble in acids, hydrocarbons, alcohols and ethers. This component mixes much worse with water.

Besides this, raikhon grass includes the following ingredients:

  • sabinene;
  • dipentene;
  • camphene;
  • havikol;
  • flavonoids;
  • terpinolene;
  • efgenol;
  • bisabolic;
  • saponins;
  • benzoic aldehyde;
  • ascorbic acid;
  • routine;
  • carotene;
  • mineral s alts;
  • sesquiterpene alcohols.

Plant benefits

Regan has long been used as a seasoning to add to food. At the same time, the grass has a number of useful properties:

  1. Has an antiseptic effect. Regan successfully decontaminates wounds and promotes their healing.
  2. Deals with viral infections. The plant helps to speed up the recovery from colds and eliminates the symptoms of sore throats.
  3. Helps to cope with fungi and eczema. The product effectively eliminates puffiness, diaper rash and redness.
  4. Improves condition when poisoned. Basil helps to cleanse the body, ensures the removal of toxins and toxins.
  5. Relieves tension and muscle spasms.
  6. Promotes visual acuity. For this, herbal remedies are used as lotions. Basil helps to get rid of signs of fatigue, remove swelling, eliminate dryness.
  7. It normalizes bowel function, improves digestive functions, copes with the symptoms of bloating.
  8. Used as an antipyretic.
  9. Improves prognosis in cancer and TB.
  • Promotes male potency. This is due to the fact that the herb regan improves blood circulation. This makes the man feel much better.
  • Improves the functioning of the nervous system. The herb has a calming effect and helps improve the quality of sleep. Thanks to this, the body is perfectly restored and gaining strength.
  • Eliminates stress. The greenery of the plant will help you recover from a difficult day.

Thanks to the use of fragrant basil infusion, it is possible to cope with such pathologies:

  • flatulence;
  • gastritis;
  • neurosis;
  • pyelitis;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • poor appetite;
  • colitis;
  • whooping cough - grass successfully copes with cough;
  • low blood pressure;
  • cold;
  • headaches;
  • inflammatory lesions of the kidneys and bladder;
  • intestinal or hepatic colic;
  • rhinitis;
  • fever.

Herbal infusion can be applied externally. It is often used for rinsing the mouth with sore throat and stomatitis. Also, the composition helps to get rid of toothache and pathologies of the tongue.

An infusion made from basil leaves helps relieve itching that occurs after insect bites. If you put the plant in the room, you can get rid of midges and mosquitoes. The intense aroma of the crop helps repel pests.


It is not always possible to use regan grass. It is important to consider the following features:

  1. Improper dosage can cause seizures.
  2. Essential oil of the plant should not be used in case of individual intolerance, pregnancy and increased blood clotting.
  3. Great care is required for people with pathologies of the heart and blood vessels, thrombosis, thrombophlebitis. This also applies to people with a heart attack in the recent past.


Regan grass can be used in a variety of ways. It is often used in cooking to improve the taste of dishes. Also, the plant can be used to prepare various decoctions and infusions that help to cope with various pathologies.


Raikhon is often used in Caucasian cuisine. It is one of the most common spices in the region. Basil goes well with tomatoes and tomato dishes. It can be used to prepare soups and meat dishes.The plant gives a pleasant aroma to lamb. Thanks to the use of basil, it acquires a pleasant aroma and is absorbed faster.

Raikhon can also be used for pickling and pickling zucchini, tomatoes and eggplants. To do this, along with herbs in a jar of vegetables, you need to add a few leaves of fresh basil. In this case, the use of stems is not recommended. It is important to consider that the plant has a strong aroma. Therefore, 5 leaves will be enough for a 3-liter jar.

In medicine

The plant has pronounced medicinal properties. Therefore, it is often used in medicine. In order for herbal remedies to work, it is important to strictly adhere to the dosage. In this case, you can use the following recipes:

  1. Infusion for cystitis and pyelitis. To prepare the product, you need to take 5 grams of grass and pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Leave the mixture to infuse for at least 2 hours and take 100 milliliters 5 times a day.
  2. Infusion for arterial hypertension. To prepare it, you need to take 1 tablespoon of grass and pour 500 milliliters of boiling water. It is recommended to close the container tightly and leave the composition to infuse for at least 20 minutes. The composition should be drunk three times a day. Single dose - 50 milliliters.
  3. Tea balm for problems in the central nervous system. To make it, it is recommended to mix 2 large spoons of black and green tea and add the same amount of basil and peppermint to the composition. Also in the composition you need to put 1 small spoonful of thyme. It is recommended to mix the herbs and add 500 milliliters of boiling water. After a quarter of an hour, the composition must be filtered and taken throughout the day in small sips.
  4. Toothache herb. This plant helps to successfully cope with discomfort. It does not replace going to the dentist, but it relieves suffering for a while. To do this, it is recommended to rinse the basil leaf well and knead it a little in your hands to stimulate the release of essential oils.Then the plant must be placed between the aching tooth and the cheek.
  5. Juice for cystitis. To cope with this pathology, it is required to use the juice from the foliage and stems of the plant. And it must be prepared before flowering. Such a remedy can also be used to combat other inflammations of the urinary organs. Grass juice is recommended to take 1 small spoon in the morning and evening. It is worth doing 10 days. After that, you need to take a break for 10 days and repeat the therapy again. Before drinking, it is recommended to mix the juice in equal parts with water and honey. In its pure form, it provokes irritation of the stomach and esophagus.
  6. An infusion for tired eyes. To get such a remedy, you need to take 2 large spoons of dried basil leaves and mix with 1.5 liters of boiling water. After the mixture has cooled, it is recommended to filter it through 2 layers of gauze. The resulting solution is recommended to rinse the eyes and make lotions for the eyelids. Such treatment should be carried out at least 2 times a day for 2 weeks.After that, it is worth interrupting for a week and repeating the therapy again. Thanks to this, it will be possible to get rid of inflammation and redness of the eyelids, eliminate red blood vessels and pain in the eyes.
  7. Tea for colds. Raikhon grass is characterized by pronounced bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties. Because this herb has a beneficial effect on the body with catarrhal pathologies. To make a useful composition, it is recommended to take 1 small spoonful of dried basil or 30 grams of fresh leaves and pour a glass of boiling water. Infuse the composition for 3-5 minutes. After that, honey and lemon juice can be added to the drink.

Regan is a fairly common plant that is often used in cooking and folk medicine. The composition of this herb includes many useful components that have a beneficial effect on the state of the human body. However, when using it, it is important to consider the entire list of possible contraindications.

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