Berries

Muromets grapes: description and characteristics of the variety, pros and cons, cultivation

Muromets grapes: description and characteristics of the variety, pros and cons, cultivation
Anonim

The popularity of Muromets grapes is difficult to dispute, this variety has many advantages that lovers of this wonderful culture have already noticed. Early ripening, resistance to unstable climatic conditions - only a small part of the advantages of Muromets. Before growing grapes, it is better to carefully familiarize yourself with the features of care, study the advice of experienced gardeners, this will allow you not to make mistakes that are detrimental to the bushes and achieve stable and generous fruiting.

Variety selection

With its appearance, Muromets is grateful to the crossing of varieties Pobeda and Severny. The grapes were bred in 1962 by the Michurinsky CGL.

The studies and experiments of many gardeners have proved that it is possible to grow a crop in foreign countries and almost throughout Russia. Excellent adaptation, high frost resistance allows you to get excellent yields even in harsh northern regions.

Features and differences from other varieties

Murom grapes have many advantages over other table varieties. One of them is early ripening. The first harvest will be harvested within 3.5 months after flowering.

Unlike other varieties, Muromets vines do not always support the weight of bunches. Untimely harvesting causes damage to the lashes.

Pros and cons

Muromets has many advantages, thanks to which grapes have gained considerable popularity. Among them:

  • early ripening;
  • high yield;
  • universality of application;
  • endurance, resistance to frost;
  • adaptation to difficult climatic conditions.

Disadvantages, except for frequent damage to the vine at high yields, even experienced gardeners do not note.

Description of the hybrid of Ilya Muromets

It is quite easy to recognize the Muromets variety externally - grapes have some qualities that even a beginner can recognize.

What leaves and shoots look like

The leaves of Muromets are medium in size, ovoid in shape with elongated lobes. Usually the top is a little wrinkled, the surface is matte.

Vine bushes are vigorous, have a powerful main trunk and strong vines that can hardly withstand the considerable weight of the fruit.

Taste and appearance of berries

Muromets berries are oval, rather large (up to 5 g). Clusters with proper care reach a kilogram. The shade of the fruit is light pink.

The taste of the fruit is sweet, has a slight nutmeg aroma. The smell is preserved during processing - wine and juice have a wonderful aroma that is easy to distinguish.

Characteristic

Studying the basic characteristics is the main rule for the successful cultivation of the Muromets variety. Knowing what qualities grapes have, it is easy to provide the right care.

Pollination

To set fruits, you do not need to plant several bushes, Muromets gives heterosexual inflorescences, which allows you to abandon pollinators.

Crop ripening period

Muromets grapes are often valued by gardeners due to their high taste and early fruit ripening. The vegetative period of culture is less than four months.

Frost resistance

One of the distinguishing features of the grapes of this variety is frost resistance. Muromets will easily endure even 30-degree frosts, although experienced gardeners recommend not to risk bushes and use light shelters.

Immunity to diseases

Despite the endurance to unstable climatic conditions, diseases affect the variety quite often. Grapes are affected by gray rot and mildew. The only way to prevent infection is to use chemicals, although this is often not enough.

Boarding Requirements

Much in the amount of the future harvest plays the right choice of place when planting, soil preparation with the introduction of the necessary components. You also need to take into account the size of an adult bush.

The right place

For planting young bushes of Muromets, it is recommended to choose the brightest place on the site. Be sure to take care of protecting the grapes from drafts and strong winds. The best place is near buildings or in a cozy corner of the garden.

Required soil composition

Even nutrient-rich black soil needs preliminary preparation for planting grapes. Before planting seedlings, it is recommended to make compost and humus, add a little coarse river sand. Drainage is another necessary condition.

Planting pattern and hole size

Plant rows of bushes, leaving 2.5-3 m between plants. If a multi-row planting pattern is used, row spacing should not be less than 2 m.

Hole sizes - up to 50 cm in diameter. The depth depends on the size of the root system, but you need to go deeper into the ground by at least 70 cm.

Rules for the care of grapes

There will be no particular difficulties in caring for Muromets, the grapes are extremely undemanding and will give a good harvest even without the increased attention of the owner.

Loosening the earth

It is recommended to loosen the soil often, without fresh air, despite regular watering and adding nutrients, the roots of Muromets can die. Simultaneously with loosening, remove weeds, which take away some of the substances necessary for grapes.

Feeding

The introduction of nutrients is a prerequisite for the successful cultivation of Muromets grapes. During the growing season, fertilizing will have to be done at least twice. It is recommended to use mineral formulations.

In the spring it is allowed to use organic matter, mix the topsoil with rotted manure. Do not go deep - there is a risk of burning the roots.

Cutting

The pruning process is no different from caring for other grape varieties. Main rules to follow:

  • monitor the number of eyes left - there should not be more than twelve;
  • avoid damage to shoots when pruning;
  • carefully handle young lashes, remove only damaged and dry ones;
  • choose for further cultivation shoots of at least 6 cm in diameter.

The process is carried out in autumn or spring, although experienced gardeners often begin to remove excess lashes even in summer.

Infection and pest prevention

Preventive measures against infectious diseases and pest damage - the timely use of chemicals. Folk remedies often do not give the desired effect, especially if insect colonies have already settled in the garden, or the summer turned out to be too rainy and favorable for the spread of infection.

For prevention it is recommended to use:

  • Avixil;
  • Amistar;
  • Bordeaux liquid.

Against insects, it is recommended to use "Aktara", "Talsar", "Sunmayt". Partially reduce the number of pests will allow the timely removal of fallen leaves, among which many larvae manage to lurk.

Preparing for winter

In regions with a warm climate, Muromets grapes do not need to be covered. Despite high hardiness, in cool areas it is better not to risk bushes and put a layer of mulch to protect the roots. As a mulching layer, use compost, peat, rotted humus. Lapnik will also do a great job.

Young vines are recommended to be covered with special geotextiles that will protect them from death in severe frosts.

How to harvest

Harvesting is not an easy process, so it is better to arm yourself with the necessary knowledge in advance. Ground rules:

  • use only sharp garden shears, try not to damage the bunches;
  • immediately sort through the grapes, sort out large beautiful bunches, send the rest for processing;
  • send to a cool place immediately, trying not to shift the bunches once again - removing the bluish plaque reduces the shelf life.

Another rule for harvesting Muromets grapes is to harvest only ripe fruits.

Storage and use of fruits

The recommended storage temperature for Muromets is up to 8 degrees Celsius. Under such conditions, grapes can be preserved for more than a month without losing marketable and taste qualities. For storage, it is recommended to use a refrigerator or just send the berries to the cellar.

The fruits are used for processing - preservation, making wine, juices, compotes. Freezing is another way to preserve berries.

Muromets grapes, as many gardeners have already seen, fully justifies its name - powerful lashes during the fruiting period are covered with numerous clusters. With a lot of effort, even beginners who are just starting their difficult path in gardening will be able to harvest a bountiful harvest of fragrant fruits.

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