Berries

Strawberry Merchant: variety description and characteristics, planting, growing and care with photo

Strawberry Merchant: variety description and characteristics, planting, growing and care with photo
Anonim

Kupchikha - a variety of strawberries, which is called such a strange name as a zemklunika. The berry is oblong in shape, reminiscent of strawberries, and smells like strawberries. The fragrant variety is remembered for its juicy taste and rich color.

Description and characteristics of the variety

The berry has a unique shape and individual characteristics that make it easy to distinguish it from other varieties.

Features of the plant

Garden strawberry has an elegant bush covered with large trifoliate dark green leaves. In the flowering season, lush and abundant flowers are formed. Having white petals, they look very impressive. On one bush there are from 10 to 15 flowers.

Berries

The first fruits are large in contrast to the subsequent ones. An elongated strawberry of rich burgundy color with a slight purple coating. The berries are fragrant, juicy and sweet in taste. Up to 350 g of fruits are harvested from one bush.

Stamina and resilience

The plant can withstand temperatures down to -24 °C. Strawberries do not suffer from gray rot and powdery mildew. Weather changes do not affect the yield.

Dignity and characteristics of strawberries Merchant's wife

Strawberry variety has a number of advantages:

  1. Large-fruited. The first copies are 6 cm long.
  2. Easy maintenance. Novice gardeners can grow Merchants.
  3. Dense pulp. Due to the structure of the berries, they can withstand transportation over long distances.
  4. Stable fruiting. Even with adverse weather, strawberries will give a harvest.
  5. Good taste. When bitten, sweetness and sour notes are felt. The berries themselves have a pronounced musky aroma.

Strawberry variety is universal. Berries are eaten fresh, compotes, jam, jam are cooked. Strawberries are suitable for freezing. Low temperatures do not destroy useful elements and substances.

The nuances of landing

Adaptation of strawberries in a new place depends on the correct planting.

Choosing a seat

As a rule, sunny areas are chosen for strawberry bushes. Merchant grows well in partial shade. Often berries are planted next to fruit trees. With their branches, they protect the bushes from scorching rays.

In the penumbra, the ripening of strawberries is stretched, but they are much larger in size. Landing on beds with poor ventilation is contraindicated. Unsuitable conditions for bushes - land that does not dry out for a long time after rainfall.

Planting dates, preparation of soil and seedlings

If earthworms form tendrils in their own area, they are planted in a new place from spring to autumn. The main condition is that they must take root before the start of the winter cooling. The sprouts that were purchased in the spring are kept in a cold and lighted place before planting until the temperature outside stabilizes.

Planting is carried out in nutrient soil, which is carefully prepared. The beds are fertilized with humus if it is not possible to use a mixture of charcoal, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate.

Bushes are treated with root formation stimulants. To do this, use "Epin" or "Kornevin".

Scheme and landing rules

Landing is done in early spring or autumn. Maintain a distance between young plants of at least 30 cm. For row spacing, 50 cm is allowed. The best option for landing in a checkerboard pattern.

This strain of strawberry grows quickly, so it will need a lot of space.

Features of care

Merchant's wife - a variety that does not require careful care. In order for the bushes to grow and delight with delicious berries, it is enough to follow simple rules.

Irrigation

Strawberries do not tolerate drying out of the soil, it grows better on moist soils. If there is not enough moisture in the ground, this is reflected in the size and taste of the fruit. The berries become small and lose their sweetness. The mulching procedure keeps the moisture in the soil.

Feeding

Saturation of the soil with fertilizers has the opposite effect - it reduces the yield. Strawberries are fed during flowering and fruit formation. Fertilizer application is combined with abundant watering to protect the roots from burns.

Shelter for the winter

The need for shelter arises if the variety is planned to be grown in regions with cold winters. Due to the average winter hardiness in the cold season, the bushes die. But this happens if there is no snow on the street. Shelter will not be needed if the snow falls before the thermometer drops below zero.

Spruce forest is the best frost protection. Since summer, branches of aspen, maple or birch have been harvested. If branches remain after pruning fruit trees or bushes, they are safely taken as a shelter. An alternative is agrofibre folded in several layers.

Pests, diseases and prevention

The species, bred by breeders, endures the attack of diseases and pests. Parasites living on strawberries:

  • strawberry-raspberry weevil;
  • strawberry mite.

The appearance of the plant indicates the presence of parasites. The edges of the leaves curl, they become stained and dry out. There is a fall of the ovaries, the berries do not have time to ripen and rot. A diseased plant lags behind in development, unlike a he althy one.

Prevention methods:

  1. Timely picking of ripe berries.
  2. Regular transfers to a new location.
  3. Planting with horticultural crops such as garlic and onions.
  4. Destruction of affected berries.
  5. Remove weeds.
  6. Treatment with various solutions and preparations that prevent the appearance of diseases and pests.

Shrubs affected by pests or diseases are mowed down, leaving a root in the ground. Branches with leaves are burned, and cut bushes are treated with special preparations. After fertilization, strawberries sprout he althy sprouts.

Features of reproduction

Kupchikha is a hybrid variety that reproduces exclusively by tendrils. Planting seeds for seedlings is not recommended. Shrubs grown from seed will lose variety characteristics.

Harvest and storage of crops

The picking procedure takes place every two days after the ripening of the berries. Merchant's fruits are dense, do not lose juice, do not flow. This keeps strawberries in the fridge for up to a week.

Growing difficulties and recommendations

If a person follows these recommendations, there will be no difficulties in growing. Poor growth, low yields, disease and pest damage indicate mistakes that were made by humans. They can be fixed:

  1. Low yield - the plant has not reached full maturity. In this case, it is recommended to wait until the next season.
  2. Root rot - excessive deepening in the soil, poor plant growth. The problem is solved by replanting.
  3. Drying, poor survival - non-compliance with the rules of planting. Gardeners wait, letting strawberries come to life on their own. If possible, the bushes are transplanted to a new place.
  4. Thin petioles, slow development of bushes, small leaves - there are not enough nutrients in the soil. Complex mineral fertilizers are applied under the root no more than 3 times a month.

The merchant is considered a variety for "lazy" gardeners. When planting bushes in fertile soil in a well-ventilated and illuminated area, care comes down to removing the mustache and watering. It is possible to grow tasty and fragrant berries with minimal care.

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