Strawberry Frigo: a description of the method and characteristics, how to plant and care

Strawberry Frigo: a description of the method and characteristics, how to plant and care

When growing plants, farmers are trying to apply innovative methods and technologies that are aimed at increasing yields and improving the quality of fruits. Strawberries are no exception. There are many methods of breeding this crop. Growing strawberries in the Frigo way is considered an innovative technology that has many advantages.

Description and characteristics of Frigo strawberries

In Italian, "frigo" means "cold". The technique of the same name involves the use of low temperatures. The main objective of using this method is to be able to grow the plant all year round.

When using the Freego method, young plants are provided with a long dormant period. Thanks to this, it is possible to use planting material at any time. Such conditions are created with the participation of cold.


There are several varieties of this technology. Each of them is characterized by certain features.

Class A

Cultures from this category are used in small areas, since each plant forms only 2 peduncles. At the same time, it is possible to get the first fruits already in 1 year after planting. From 1 hectare it is possible to collect 4 tons of berries. The neck of the fruit is 12-15 millimeters in diameter.

Class A+

This is a fairly popular category, the fruits of which can be stored for a long period of time. If it is possible to create optimal conditions, 10 tons of fruits can be obtained from 1 hectare of plantings.The diameter of the neck of the berries is 15-18 millimeters. At the same time, they give 2-3 peduncles. Plants from this group are characterized by abundant flowering and high yields. Because they are used for commercial purposes.

Class A+ extra

This category includes seedlings of the most expensive strawberry varieties. Their yield reaches 20 tons per 1 hectare. The diameter of the neck of such fruits is 20-24 mm. At the same time, up to 5 peduncles are formed on 1 bush. Berries appear on the main and side shoots. Already in 1 year of cultivation, 500 grams of fruit can be obtained from a bush.

Class B

This category includes varietal types of strawberries that differ significantly from previous varieties. For all plants, only 1 peduncle is characteristic. At the same time, they bring a crop only for 2 years after planting. In 1 year, flower stalks are recommended to be cut from the bushes. The diameter of the neck reaches 8-12 millimeters.Crops from this category are used for growing in small farms.

Pros and cons of the variety

The main advantages of this technology include the following:

  • high yield parameters;
  • fruit ripening 8-9 weeks after planting;
  • he althy planting material;
  • excellent survival of seedlings;
  • a large number of varieties;
  • possibility of harvesting all year round.

The method also has certain disadvantages:

  • high cost of seedlings;
  • presence of precocious characteristics only in the first year.

Features of growing plants

In order to succeed in cultivating strawberries with this method, it is worth following certain recommendations.

Date of planting

The packed seedlings of such strawberries can be stored for a long time. After opening, the plant will have to be planted immediately. The beds for the bushes should be prepared in advance. They are placed in open ground from April to August.

When growing a crop indoors, planting work is carried out all year round.

Seat selection and boarding

Planting strawberries with this method is recommended only on flat areas that are cleared of weeds. Formed beds should rise above the ground by 20 centimeters. This will help prevent groundwater from flooding the roots.

When planting strawberries, it is recommended to maintain an interval of 35 centimeters between bushes and 50 centimeters between rows. The deepening is recommended to be done by a maximum of 15 centimeters.

When planting a crop in the ground, it is worth carefully spreading the root system. It is important to control the absence of tangled roots. The heart of the bushes should be above the ground. To keep the soil moist for a long time, it is recommended to cover it with a mulch layer.

Crop Care Tips

For strawberries to develop normally, they must be fully cared for.

Water frequency

When growing a plant using this technology, it is important to sufficiently moisten the soil. Therefore, in the first 7-10 days, it is necessary to constantly water the beds. This is done every 4-5 days. During flowering and immediately after completion, the number of waterings is reduced to 1 time per week.


After top dressing, before planting, the next fertilizer is carried out during the formation of ovaries. To do this, use urea, mixing 15 grams of the product with 10 liters of water.

After fruiting is completed, it is recommended to remove the mulch layer, and apply 500-800 grams of complex fertilizer per 1 square meter under the bushes. Instead, it is permissible to use potassium sulfate.

Preparing for winter

To extend the period of laying flower buds and protect crops from frost, it is worth covering the plantings with perforated film or lutrasil. If you leave the insulation before flowering, you will be able to increase the yield parameters and speed up the ripening of the fruits.

Protection from diseases and pests

If agrotechnical recommendations are violated, strawberries can suffer from various diseases:

  1. Gray rot - is a fungal infection, which is accompanied by the appearance of brown spots on the fruit. To prevent the spread of the disease, the affected berries should be destroyed. Copper oxychloride will help to cope with the disease.
  2. Brown, brown or white spotting - with this disease, the leaves become covered with spots of the corresponding shade. Copper chloride helps to cope with the pathology.
  3. Powdery mildew - this fungal infection leads to the defeat of all aboveground plant fragments. In this case, the damaged parts are covered with a white coating and begin to rot. Sulfarid helps to cope with the pathology.

Also, strawberries can suffer from pest attacks. She is susceptible to slugs, centipedes and snails.

In case of serious damage to the bushes, it is worth using Metaldehyde. It is placed on the surface of the soil after harvesting the fruits. It is best to carry out the procedure at the end of September.

Collecting and storing strawberries

The harvest period is determined by the crop variety. The first fruits can be obtained 8-10 weeks after planting the bushes. Then they need to be watered again and wait for the next fruiting.

Berries are recommended to be removed from bushes with stalks and carefully put into boxes. In a cool place, they can be stored for several weeks without loss of taste and external characteristics. If there is a need for longer storage, the fruits are frozen or prepared from them.

Berries are actively used to make jam, jam, compote, jelly.

Using Frigo technology for strawberry cultivation has a number of advantages. This method allows you to get a bountiful harvest at any time of the year. At the same time, the bushes need full and high-quality care.

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