Beekeeping

Vitamins in honey: how much is contained and a table of trace elements

Vitamins in honey: how much is contained and a table of trace elements
Anonim

Since ancient times, honey has been famous not only as a sweet and tasty dessert, but also as a healing product useful for the human body. Nectar is used for the prevention and treatment of many diseases, improves immunity, has a tonic and anti-inflammatory effect. The product received healing properties due to its rich chemical composition. What vitamins, minerals and other useful compounds are found in bee honey, we will understand further.

Vitamin A

The composition of honey includes retinol, which is necessary for the clear and proper functioning of the human body.

Main Features:

  • helps improve the functioning of the visual organs;
  • participates in metabolic processes;
  • has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the liver, digestive and respiratory organs;
  • activates brain activity;
  • provides the skin with elasticity, slows down its aging;
  • strengthens the body's defense against the negative effects of the environment, prevents the defeat of viruses and bacteria.

There is a lack of retinol with dry skin, blurred vision and frequent colds. The daily requirement of an adult organism for retinol is from 1.5 to 2 mg. 100 g of bee gift contains 0.04 mg of vitamin A.

Important! An excess of retinol causes complications of the digestive and nervous systems of the human body.

B vitamins

Natural bee gift in its composition contains almost the entire line of vitamins B.

  • Thiamin is responsible for the he alth of the inert system, including teeth, helps cleanse the body of harmful and toxic accumulations, improves digestive functions, skin and hair condition. For 100 g of fresh nectar, there is 0.01 mg of the substance.
  • Riboflavin is directly involved in metabolic processes, helps in the healing of wounds and ulcers on the mucous membrane of internal organs, and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system. The content of vitamin B2 in honey corresponds to 0.03 mg, which is many times higher than the amount of riboflavin in he althy dried apricots and grapes.
  • Niacin is responsible for the functioning of the cardiovascular system, helps relieve fatigue, improves vision and slows down the aging of the body. The substance also has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. There is up to 0.2 mg of niacin per 100 g of bee products.
  • Pantothenic acid activates the brain, relieves fatigue, nervous tension, speeds up metabolism, promotes proper liver function. For 100 g of bee gift, there is up to 0.13 mg of vitamin B5.
  • Pyridoxine helps restore the functioning of the central nervous system, eliminates depression and insomnia, and is used in exacerbation of chronic skin diseases. 100 g of natural flower honey contains 0.10 mg of vitamin B6.
  • Folic acid strengthens the body's resistance to various viruses and bacteria, has a beneficial effect on hematopoiesis, is necessary during pregnancy for the proper development of the child. 100 g of sweet nectar contains 0.015 mg of vitamin B9.
Important! Lack of vitamin B in the body causes a violation of metabolic and other vital processes occurring in the human body.

Vitamin C

The bee product contains a large percentage of ascorbic acid. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system, helps in the fight against viral and colds, improves the condition of the skin. Ascorbic acid also takes part in the internal processes of the body's vital functions, helps to remove toxic and harmful deposits.

100 g of fresh flower nectar contains up to 2 mg of useful substance.

Vitamin H

The delicacy contains biotin, which is responsible for the he alth of the hair and skin. Also, vitamin H ensures the correct and clear functioning of the nervous system. Up to 0.04 mg of useful compounds are present in 100 g of sweetness.

Vitamin E

Tocopherol has anti-inflammatory, tonic and antiseptic properties, improves brain function, slows down the aging of the skin. 100 g of flower delicacy contains up to 4 mg of vitamin E.

Vitamin K

The substances that make up the vitamin contribute to the production of protein, which, in turn, is responsible for the processes of blood clotting. Also, the substance strengthens the bone structure, improves the condition of the skin and hair. And this is not all the useful compounds that are part of flower honey.

Important! The amount of medicinal substances and the quality of the vitamin composition may vary depending on the variety of the bee product.

Useful items

Nectar contains useful sugars represented by fructose, glucose, sucrose and other carbohydrate compounds. Honey also contains organic and inorganic acids, aromatic and biologically active substances.The amount of water in the bee product depends on the variety, the place of collection and the time of year when the bees got the nectar.

Micro and macronutrients

Mineral substances are necessary for the he alth of every person. Honey contains a huge amount of macro- and microelements responsible for various functions in the body.

The main minerals that make up natural honey are shown in the table:

ChromiumUp to 5mgMagnesiumUp to 3 mg
Minerals Content per 100g fresh
PotassiumUp to 65mg
CopperUp to 32mg
Fluorine Up to 8 mg
PhosphorusUp to 7.5 mg
CalciumUp to 5 mg

The nectar also contains iron, manganese, zinc, boron and other useful mineral compounds.

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