Beekeeping

Double-hull keeping of bees in dadan: features of hives with a dividing grid

Double-hull keeping of bees in dadan: features of hives with a dividing grid
Anonim

Now the double-hull method of keeping bees in dadan has many advantages. In this case, a hive is used, which includes 2 compartments or housings. The lower part has a non-removable bottom and roof. The second building has no bottom. In this case, it is superimposed on top of the first structure. This allows you to double the volume of the hive. This method of breeding bees has its pros and cons.

Features and benefits of the method

Standard 12-frame double-hull hive has the following design features:

  1. Single walls. The wall thickness is about 45 millimeters.
  2. Flat roof. It is equipped with several ventilation ducts and arrival boards.
  3. Lockliner. It is required for laying the insulation layer in the hive.
  4. Removable bottom. This makes it easier to swap cases.
  5. Arrival boards of the lower and upper entrances. They are placed vertically close to the walls, closing the notches.
  6. Additional notches on top. For each case, 1 piece is used. They are rounded holes with a diameter of 25 millimeters. Arrival slats are located under the notches.

The main advantages of this design include the following:

  1. Possibility of using a second uterus. To do this, two tiers of the hive are separated. At the same time, 2 queens allow you to quickly increase the strength of the bee colony. Before the main honey collection, the partition is pulled out.
  2. Bee control. This is ensured by a dividing grid. Thanks to this, the beekeeper always knows where the queen is located. In addition, he can select frames with young brood. Also, the beekeeper is able to force insects to collect honey in specific frames. This may be required, for example, for wintering.
  3. Possibility of installing a nucleus with an additional uterus. This is required with a small layering. This technique provides a more comfortable wintering. In this case, the hive bodies must be divided.
  4. Reducing the risk of swarming bees. This is due to the large amount of free space in the hive.
  5. Possibility of building two-hull hives from simple Dadan structures. To do this, simply make another tier.

Main flaws

The main disadvantage of the design is its impressive weight. The structure weighs 45-50 kilograms, taking into account the framework from which honey will be pumped out. The superstructure during the collection of honey will have to be moved repeatedly. This causes some physical difficulties for beekeepers.

Content technology

To accurately determine the optimal time for the construction of this type of hive, it is worth focusing on the general condition of the bee colony and the estimated period for the appearance of a bribe. To breed bees in two buildings for 12 frames, it is worth installing another tier. This must be done before the start of the swarming phase.

For a strong family, after the end of the winter period, the superstructure should be installed in the middle of spring. But this is done only after the frames located in the lower tier are completely filled. This will help to avoid swarming and achieve a more active functioning of the bee colony.

A weak family will take some time to gain strength. After that, you can expand the bee nest. Such work is carried out about a month before the start of flowering of key honey plants. During this period, the hive should be fully filled with honeycombs. Once you start collecting meta, it is important to have honeycomb without offspring. They should be located on the second floor of the hive. These slots will fill with honey.

Simplified way of keeping bees in a double hive

This method consists of placing two frames on top of the hive. In this case, you need to select offspring of different ages and move it to the second floor of the hive. On the edge, it is required to place honey and bee bread. The place that appeared in the lower tier needs to be replaced with waxed honeycombs.

At the initial stage, several frames that are at the top of the hive need to be separated by a board. Wax foundation should be placed in the same place.Thus, the uterus moves to the required place and starts laying eggs. She uses free cells for this purpose. Worker bees that build new combs on the second floor are not susceptible to swarming.

Formation layering

In areas where the main honey collection begins late, keeping bees in double-hued dadan hives cannot protect them from swarm mood. In such a situation, many idlers appear in bee colonies, and the subsequent expansion of the nest is considered impossible. The working moods of the bees disappear, and they begin to prepare for swarming. At the same time, queen cells are formed on the frames.

To avoid such problems, it is worth forming layering. They can be temporary or permanent. Also, the formation of layering is required if there are very strong families in the apiary.

Combining layering with the main family

Keeping bees in two-hull hives with a dividing grid makes it possible to use two queens at once. This will help strengthen the family and avoid swarming. Layering should be done only when the hive is overpopulated. Also, a similar need arises with late honey collection.

It is recommended to connect the layers with the bee colony immediately before the start of the honey collection. To do this, it is worth isolating the mature uterus, removing the partition and grouping the frames in a new way. At the bottom of a double-hull hive, open offspring should be located. In this case, it is recommended to place a printed brood on top. In the same period, shops for honey collection are installed.

Wintering

In order for the bees to endure the winter normally, they need to create suitable conditions. To do this, it is important to provide insects with good nutrition. When keeping bees in double-hued hives for the winter, they should be left without an upper floor.

Double-hull breeding of bees is characterized by a large number of advantages. They concern the possibility of using two queens at once and the lack of a tendency to swarm. For this method of keeping insects to bear fruit, it is important to take into account the recommendations of experienced beekeepers.
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