How to separate honey from honeycombs at home: how to get and pump out manually

How to separate honey from honeycombs at home: how to get and pump out manually

Comb honey is the purest and he althiest bee product that does not come into contact with metal when pumped out. This means that the substance retains the maximum amount of useful substances. However, sometimes the question arises of how to separate honey from honeycombs at home. This is done in different ways - manually or with the help of a honey extractor. Each of the procedures is characterized by its own characteristics.

How to get honey from honeycombs

Extracting nectar from honeycombs is quite difficult. To obtain a small amount of honey mass, it is permissible to use a sieve or a pressing method. With a significant amount of substance, it is worth resorting to the help of a honey extractor.

However, first you need to remove the comb from the hive. It is recommended to start the process of collecting honey products in sunny weather. It should be done in the morning. At this time, the bees leave the hives in search of nectar.

Pumping without honey extractor

Many beekeepers believe that getting honey by hand is almost impossible. Indeed, a honey extractor greatly simplifies this procedure. If the device is missing, do not despair. To extract honey manually, it is recommended to do the following:

  1. Pull out the collected honeycombs from the frames. They need to be broken into small pieces and put in a bucket.
  2. Using an ordinary wooden crush, grind the mass to a puree state.
  3. Strain the resulting composition. This should be done through ordinary gauze.
  4. Collect the rest of the honey from the walls of the bucket and filter it too.

Pumping out with a honey extractor

It is much easier to extract honey from honeycombs with a honey extractor. This tool simplifies the process and saves time. At the same time, pumping out is important to carry out on time. If you miss the deadlines, the product will become too thick and viscous. This will greatly complicate the process.

So, to extract honey, honeycombs need to be removed from the frames, cut off the top signet with a knife or pierced with a special brush and fixed in the honey extractor. When the device is turned on, the frames will begin to unwind. Under the influence of centrifugal force, nectar will fly out of the honeycombs and flow down the walls.

The bottom of the honey extractor contains a special hole through which honey flows. Usually, a large sieve is placed at the exit, through which bee nectar is filtered. This helps to clean it from large inclusions - bees, pollen, larvae.

After that, the product needs to be defended. Due to this, the smallest particles of wax will float. The top layer of honey is usually kept by beekeepers for personal use. They eat it or use it to feed the bees.

How to separate honey from wax

After pumping out the honey mass, it often has to be separated from the wax. To get the desired result, it is worth preparing the following:

  • wooden spoon;
  • steamer;
  • suitable packaging;
  • filter that has coarse and fine mesh.

To get the desired results, you need to do the following:

  1. Remove the honeycombs from the frames and grind them.
  2. Heat the composition in a double boiler to +60 degrees and mix the mass with a wooden spoon.
  3. Remove the lighter wax with a wooden spoon and transfer to a container. Honey is heavier because it sinks down.
  4. When the wax becomes solid, clean it from the remnants of honey. This is done in running water.
  5. Pass the honey mass through a sieve. First, a coarse product is used, and then a smaller one.

To separate honey from wax, it is permissible to use a microwave. At the same time, honeycombs must first be crushed to a homogeneous consistency. After that, it is recommended to heat the mass in the oven for 1 minute, mix everything thoroughly and remove the risen wax with a spoon. The procedure should be repeated several times until the wax is completely removed. It is important to avoid heating the composition too much as it will burn.

Straining process

When honey is pumped out, fragments of bee bread, wax and other rubbish get into it. You should definitely get rid of these elements. This is done by filtering the product. To do this manually, it is permissible to use a double sieve.In this case, the upper part should have cells with a diameter of 1.8x0.7 mm, and the lower one - 0.2x0.12. Elements need to be inserted into each other and fixed on containers of different diameters.

In order for the filtration process to proceed continuously, 2 sieves are required, since wax can cause clogging of inventory. While one fixture is being cleaned, the other can be used.

The hole, which is blocked from below, makes it possible to control the filling of the container with honey. At the bottom of the device is a double sieve. It helps prevent foreign objects from entering the funnel.

Such devices can be used to obtain honey in small farms. On large bee farms, these devices are not used because straining is too slow.

Special products are suitable for large apiaries. They are called the Luntzer sieve. The basis of its design are cylindrical sieves, which are placed in a large container. After filling it, pure honey can be drained and again proceed to the process of extracting nectar.

Usage rules

Honey mass is not always separated from honeycombs. This beekeeping product can be eaten in this form. However, in this case, it is important to follow certain rules. It is recommended to eat nectar in combs in small pieces, chewing it thoroughly.

At the same time, it is permissible to swallow a small amount of wax - it will not harm your he alth. However, it is important to avoid consuming large amounts of this substance, since in such a situation there is a risk of intestinal problems.

Adults are allowed to consume a maximum of 100 grams of comb honey per day. Children are allowed to eat no more than 30-50 grams of bee products.

Separation of honey from honeycombs at home has a number of features. This process can be carried out manually or use a honey extractor for this purpose.Equally important is the correct separation of the honey mass from the wax. Only compliance with the basic rules allows you to get a quality and useful product.

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