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El Froburg: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

El Froburg: description, planting and care, application in landscape design
Anonim

Froburg spruce is a very common crop that is often used in landscape design. This plant is used to decorate parks and squares. They also actively decorate garden plots. In order for the cultivation of a crop to be successful, it needs to provide full and high-quality care. It should include timely soil moistening, fertilization, pruning.

Detailed description of the tree

The Froburg Spruce is an upright growing form of the European variety. This culture is characterized by the presence of a pronounced guide-stem and weeping shoots.The plant has a uniformly developed narrow crown. By the age of 10, the tree grows up to 2 meters in height. Near the ground itself, the shoots form a small extension of the crown of branches that almost lie on the ground. Thanks to this, the spruce looks very decorative.

This variety of conifer is characterized by rather slow growth. During the year, the tree grows by a maximum of 10 centimeters. At the same time, the needles have a uniform green color. She is short and tough.

Cones are large and hang from branches. They are characterized by a cylindrical elongated or ovoid shape. Young fruits are greenish-purple in color, but become brown-brown as they ripen.

Tree shoots hang down and reach the very ground, forming a beautiful plume. The undoubted advantage of culture is shade tolerance. However, the plant develops much better in well-lit areas.The tree puts forward average requirements for the composition of the soil. The culture prefers a fresh and well-drained substrate. It is best to give preference to loam and sandy soil.

The main benefits of Froburg spruce include the following:

  • high frost resistance;
  • decorative crown;
  • undemanding to growing conditions;
  • possibility of application for the design of plots.
At the same time, Froburg spruce is also characterized by a number of disadvantages. These include, in particular, intolerance to hot weather and low drought tolerance. Therefore, the plant is recommended to be watered in a timely manner.

Where applicable

The Froburg Weeping Spruce looks original and impressive. Because it is often used in landscape design. At the same time, specialists in this field, as a rule, try to focus on the plant. That's why they use wood as a tapeworm.

In this case, the main trunk of the tree should be tied to a support, and the growing long shoots should be left to spread along the ground. Thanks to this, an unusual green carpet is created around the tree, which looks quite impressive. This type of culture formation is called umbrella culture.

Sometimes Froburg spruce is used to create group compositions. It is permissible to use it for the design of rockeries, rock gardens, heather gardens. The plant harmoniously fits into the Japanese sekitei. But in this case, Froburg is required to be used as the main focus of the composition.

Besides this, there is another option for planting spruce of this variety. It implies the formation of a group of weeping cultures. Among them, the coniferous plant always looks very impressive.

Due to the compact size of Froburg spruce, it can be used to decorate relatively small areas. Even if the space is very limited, the tree will still be able to find a suitable place.To do this, the culture can not be planted in the ground, but left to develop in a container. This will make it possible to independently regulate the development of spruce.

Planting instructions

In order for the tree to develop normally and look decorative, it is important to carry out planting work correctly. At the same time, it is recommended to pay attention to the choice of a place and the preparation of a recess for a seedling.

Also of great importance is the purchase of quality material for planting. Froburg spruce seedling is recommended to buy in a specialized nursery. In this case, it is desirable to do this near your site. Thanks to this, the spruce will take root much faster. It is best to transplant spruces at the age of 3-4 years. In this case, the adaptation of the seedling will be as simple and fast as possible.

When choosing a seedling, you need to pay attention to the appearance of the root system. Young shoots should be present on it. It is important that the roots differ in white and pink color. The needles should be bright and juicy. The crown cannot have dry or damaged needles.

Choosing a seat

Frohburg spruce is recommended to be planted only in certain places. This will ensure the full development of culture and the preservation of its decorative properties. When choosing a place to plant a crop, the following criteria should be considered:

  1. Lighting - should be bright enough and at the same time uniform. In partial shade, spruce trees develop too slowly and do not look very decorative. Uniform lighting is required for the growth of a symmetrical crown.
  2. Location - spruce should be planted in an open area, because its creeping shoots need free space. Wind protection is also important. Its presence on the north side is especially important.
  3. Distance from other trees and buildings - must be at least 3 meters. However, it is better to maintain a longer interval so that the lower branches can beautifully spread on the surface of the ground.
  4. Groundwater depth - it is important that this parameter is at least 1 meter. Spruces do not withstand stagnant moisture and waterlogging of the soil.
  5. Environmental friendliness - the spruce of this variety hardly develops in conditions of gas contamination or dusty air. Therefore, this culture is not recommended to be planted in megacities. It is not planted near busy highways or industrial facilities. In such places, it is recommended to have less whimsical varieties.

Preparing the hole

El Froburg is considered relatively undemanding to the composition of the soil. However, for full development and maximum decorativeness, the plant is not recommended to be planted in saline or waterlogged soil. When choosing a landing site, it is worth providing for good drainage. Loamy or sandy soil is considered a suitable option for this crop.

For planting spruce of this variety, it is not recommended to use areas with dense and heavy alumina. In this case, the tree will not fully develop. When planting spruce in a poor and clay substrate, it is worth adding a special mixture to the planting recess, which is intended for coniferous crops.It is also permissible to make the substrate with your own hands. To do this, it is recommended to combine the soil with sand, peat and mineral supplements.

A seedling bought in a container can be planted at any time of the year, including winter. This is due to the fact that the root system of the culture is reliably protected by a lump of soil. At the same time, a drainage layer should be placed at the bottom of the recess. It can consist of crushed brick, expanded clay, gravel. The thickness of the drainage should be 15-20 centimeters.

The very same hole for planting make a depth of 50-70 centimeters. When choosing the size of the recess, it should be borne in mind that after closing the pit, the root neck should be flush with the ground. Excessive deepening of the plant will provoke rotting of the wood. If the roots are too high, it will dry them out.

How to plant correctly

To properly plant a crop, you need to read the descriptions of specialists. It is important to do the following:

  1. Prepare a recess for planting and pour a drainage layer on the bottom. It may consist of crushed stone, expanded clay, crushed brick.
  2. Pour a little prepared fertile substrate onto the drainage.
  3. Carefully pull the seedling out of the container and place it in the hole.
  4. Add the substrate on the sides of the clod of earth and tamp well.
  5. After planting is complete, water the tree liberally.
  6. After soaking up water, the near-stem circle needs to be covered with peat. Other organic materials may also be used.

Aftercare

Spruce Froburg is considered a relatively unpretentious tree. That's why it's easy to take care of her. Young seedlings are considered an exception. They need to be protected from frost and direct sunlight. So that the needles do not turn yellow, it is recommended to shade young trees.

The main difficulties in growing a plant are the risks of developing pathologies or pest attacks. Of the parasites, spruce suffers from aphids, volnyanok, moths. Also, the culture is often affected by leafworms, weevils, and sawflies. It is important to identify pests in time in order to carry out timely treatment with folk remedies or biological preparations.

The same rule can be applied to the main diseases of spruce. The culture often suffers from fusarium, shute, and various types of rot. It is also prone to bark necrosis and rust. It is important to be able to detect pathology in time. When symptoms are detected, fungicidal preparations are required.

The rest of the agrotechnical methods of caring for the crop are very standard. It needs timely watering and feeding. It is also recommended to periodically carry out sanitary pruning of the plant.

Water and fertilize

Under natural conditions, the culture grows in dense plantings. This means that water remains under its crown for a long time. At the same time, twilight provides a constant and very high humidity.

It is not easy to achieve such an effect in a summer cottage. At the same time, the lack of moisture leads to the fact that the spruce dries up and loses its decorative properties. To avoid such problems, it is recommended to water the culture in a timely manner. During the dry season, this procedure should be carried out at least once a week. At the same time, 1-1.5 buckets of water are required for each plant. Of no small importance is the systematic spraying of needles.

After watering, the soil always needs to be loosened. However, it is important to carry out this procedure carefully, since the spruce roots are located close enough to the surface. The optimal depth of exposure is 5-6 centimeters.

Mulching the soil is considered a very useful procedure. For this purpose, it is recommended to use pine bark or coniferous needles. At the same time, it is even permissible to bring a substrate from the forest. If this is not possible, it is recommended to use sand or peat.

When mulching the soil, loosening should be done several times during the season. In this case, the mulch must be embedded in the soil, and then the covering layer must be renewed. This will help saturate the earth with nutrients.

As far as fertilization is concerned, spruce does not require frequent feeding. When growing a culture of this variety, it is enough to apply a complex preparation for conifers 2 times per season. You can buy it in specialized stores.

The most effective means that can be used in such situations include Brexil, Agronomist Profi, Clean Sheet. Vila, Biopon, Agrecol are considered effective drugs.

Organic top dressing is not required. Such substances enter the soil in the process of gradual decay of the mulch. To speed up this process, it is permissible to introduce special stimulants into the ground - in particular, humic acids, or humates.

When choosing complex mineral dressings for conifers, some features should be taken into account. Such funds should include a minimum of nitrogen. In addition, the presence of magnesium in a special form that is easily absorbed by plants is of great importance.

In addition to root fertilizers, coniferous crops certainly need to be fed by spraying. For this purpose, it is recommended to use special tools - in particular, Chelatin, Ferrilen, Fertis. No less effective drug is considered "Lush needles". In such substances, as a rule, iron chelate is present. Thanks to this component, spruce needles acquire a bright green color and an attractive sheen.

Tree pruning

El Froburg does not require shaping pruning. This variety is generally difficult to accept a haircut. After such a procedure, he needs a long recovery period. Therefore, it is important to remove only dry and diseased branches. This procedure is called sanitary pruning.

For the event to be successful, it is important to strictly adhere to the recommended dates for its holding. Pruning conifers is in late spring or early summer. During this period, the vegetative processes remain quite active, but the first development breakthrough is over.

Preparing for winter

Froburg spruce is highly resistant to frost. The tree withstands temperatures down to -35 degrees quite normally. Therefore, it can be safely attributed to the 4th climatic zone. With proper planting, the plant does not need additional protection for the winter.

At the same time, young seedlings often suffer from spring return frosts. They are dangerous because after the first warming, which caused the beginning of sap flow, the temperature began to drop sharply. The fact is that during the hibernation period, the vegetative processes in the tissues of the plant slow down significantly, and therefore even severe frosts do not harm the culture. After waking up, even a slight cold snap can cause frostbite.

To protect young spruces from recurrent frosts, they need to be insulated. For this, it is recommended to use burlap or white agricultural fiber.Also for this purpose it is permissible to use any other material that passes air well. It is important to consider that the shelter should be light. Otherwise, the insulated bark under the sun's rays will begin to rot.

The trunk circle should be covered with spruce branches to protect against frost. In the spring, such material will provide additional protection against moisture evaporation. In addition, as the spruce branches decay, the spruce branches will saturate the soil with useful organic matter, which will bring great benefits to the plant.

Froburg spruce is a popular ornamental culture that has an unusual appearance. In order for this plant to develop normally and retain its attractiveness, it is important to carry out planting work correctly and provide the tree with careful care. Of particular importance for the culture is the timely moistening of the soil and sprinkling of the crown. It is also worth periodically loosening the soil and adding nutrients.

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