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Barry Spruce: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

Barry Spruce: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

Barry dwarf spruce is considered a low-growing coniferous plant, which is distinguished by a dense conical crown. By the age of 10, the culture grows to a maximum of 1 meter. In this case, the maximum height of the tree does not exceed 2 meters. The compact size of the plant allows it to be used in landscape design. Culture can be safely planted near a house or other buildings, creating decorative compositions for decades.

Description of the tree

Barry spruce has an attractive appearance. Due to this, the plant is often used in landscape design.


For if Barryi is characterized by a strong and powerful crown. This makes the culture look like a Christmas tree. The plant has a regular conical shape. It has a narrow top and a wide bottom. Also, the tree is distinguished by a dense arrangement of needles. Due to this, it acquires a fabulous appearance. Old trees over 40-50 years old can grow up to 2.5-3 meters in height.

The culture of this variety is characterized by the following features:

  1. Needles - has a beautiful dark green color. It is quite short and thick. The needles fit snugly together and have a sheen.
  2. Height - by the age of 10, a tree can grow up to 50-100 centimeters. A 30-year-old plant reaches 2 meters.
  3. Branches - are quite powerful and have a brown color. They are directed upwards and densely located on the trunk. With age, the spruce increases in width up to 3 meters.
  4. Resistant to frost - spruce is able to tolerate temperatures as low as -34 degrees. However, it is recommended to cover young seedlings in the first years.
  5. Relationship to the sun - spruce maximizes its decorative properties when grown in well-lit areas. In the shade, the culture quickly stretches and has a less lush crown.
  6. Moisture requirement is moderate. In drought, seedlings need watering.
  7. The root system is superficial. Therefore, the soil around the tree can be loosened to a maximum depth of 3-5 centimeters.


According to the description, this variety of spruce is often used to decorate the local area. Trees can be planted along garden paths or used to equip an alpine slide. Since the culture has a rich green crown, it is recommended to plant bright plants near it. Lilacs or tulips are perfect for this.

Landscape designers advise placing plantings in the form of a circle or square. This will make the garden more presentable. Some gardeners use this plant as a hedge. This helps create a cozy atmosphere.

How to plant correctly

Since the spruce of this variety does not withstand excessive moisture, when choosing a place for planting, you should focus on the area of groundwater. It is important that they are at a level of 3-4 meters below the ground. With a close location of groundwater, there is a risk of rotting of the root system.

In order for seedlings to remain decorative, they must be planted in well-lit areas. However, even in shady places, plants will develop without stopping. Equally important when choosing a landing site is protection from strong gusts of wind and drafts. Since the root system is close to the ground surface, the tree can be uprooted.

As for the choice of soil, loam and sandy loam substrate is ideal for Barry spruce. In order for the plant to develop normally, it is worth paying attention to the purchase of planting material. It is important to consider the following:

  • the surface of the seedling should not have spots or cracks;
  • optimal plant height is 1 meter;
  • it is important that the culture has developed roots;
  • the seedling should have an earth ball, which helps to maintain the optimal level of moisture in the root system.

Starting planting work is required in September or October. In this case, the soil temperature should be + 7-9 degrees. To plant a plant, it is recommended to do the following:

  1. Dig a 70x100cm planting hole.
  2. When planting multiple crops, maintain a spacing of 2 meters.
  3. Pour 10 centimeters of crushed stone or expanded clay into the bottom of the recess. This is required to ensure drainage.
  4. Pour a composition based on sand and fertile soil on top in a ratio of 1:2.
  5. Place planting material in the central part of the pit and sprinkle it with earth.
  6. Water spruce with 20 liters of water.
  7. Cover the trunk circle with a mulch layer. For this, it is recommended to use peat and straw.

How to care

For the normal development of trees of this variety, they need to provide quality care. Timely moistening of the soil is of great importance. It is also worth adding nutrients from time to time.

Water and fertilize

In hot weather, the plant is recommended to be watered weekly. Under each tree it is worth pouring 15 liters of warm water. For five-year-old crops, the amount of liquid is increased to 30 liters.

In the second year after planting, spruce should be fed with a solution of potassium nitrate. To do this, 40 grams of the substance should be used per 10 liters of water. In autumn, it is recommended to use the combined mineral preparation "Kemira Universal". To prepare a working fluid for 5 liters of water, it is worth taking 100 grams of the product. The prepared volume must be poured under 1 plant.


Between wetting the soil and adding nutrients, the topsoil needs to be loosened. At the same time, garden tools need to be deepened by 7-8 centimeters. This helps to avoid damage to the root system.

Mulching the trunk circle should be done annually. This is required to be done in mid-October. To do this, it is recommended to mix humus or peat with straw and place plants in the trunk circle. The thickness of the mulch layer should be 30 centimeters. This will protect the plants from frost and help maintain ideal soil moisture parameters.

Cutting and shaping

In order for the Barry spruce to have a compact and symmetrical crown, it is important to prune the tree in a timely manner. The first time this should be done a few weeks after planting. In this case, the crown must be cut in such a way that it matches the size of the root system. In addition, this procedure gives the young culture the desired shape.

Autumn pruning can adversely affect the development of culture. Shoots will be more susceptible to frost. In addition, there is a high probability of their deformation. Sanitary pruning can be done at any time. Remove damaged and dry areas immediately.

Shaping pruning is done in the spring. This happens before the start of sap flow. In this case, it is necessary to remove branches growing inside the crown. It is also recommended to shorten long shoots to make the crown shape more compact.

Pest control

Browning of needles is considered a dangerous pathology of spruce. This fungal infection is accompanied by the appearance of a yellow color of the needles. After a while it becomes brown. To cope with the pathology, it is recommended to use special drugs.

In the case of using the Chorus fungicide, use 40 grams of the substance per 6 liters of water. If the drug "Kvadris" is used, it is worth using 100 grams of the product per 10 liters of water.

Also, spruce of this variety may suffer from necrosis. This pathology is accompanied by drooping and drying of young trees. In this case, you need to use the drug "Amistar Trio". At the same time, it is recommended to use 8 milliliters of the substance for 1 bucket of water.

Of the pests, the most dangerous for spruce is the false shield. Drugs such as Engio and Aktara will help to cope with parasites. Actellik will help to destroy spider mites. Get rid of aphids with the help of "Mospilan".

Barry spruce is a fairly popular ornamental culture, which is often used to decorate garden plots and parks. In order for the cultivation of the plant to be successful, one should strictly adhere to the rules of agricultural technology.

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