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Spruce Kupressina: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

Spruce Kupressina: description, planting and care, application in landscape design

Kupressina spruce is a very attractive plant, which is often used in landscape design. This culture fits perfectly into any part of the backyard. Due to the narrow crown, the plant is perfect for owners of small cottages. Its characteristic feature is considered to be a slender crown of a narrow-conical crown. The culture is distinguished by straight and tough shoots that extend from the trunk at a right angle.

Variety description

This culture is also called Cupressina. Spruce of this variety belongs to the ordinary. Sometimes it is also called Norwegian.The culture is an evergreen tree that has a dense and well-branched crown. The maximum plant height is 9 meters. In this case, the diameter does not exceed 3 meters. By the age of 10, the tree reaches 3 meters. This culture is characterized by slow growth. In 1 year, it grows by a maximum of 15 centimeters.

The tree is characterized by a well-formed narrow crown, which has a regular conical shape. The plant has strong branches that grow vertically and provide a dense crown. The culture is characterized by straight hard shoots that extend from the central trunk at a right angle.

Another distinctive feature of the plant is short needles. The length of the needles does not exceed 2.5 centimeters. They are tough and prickly. At the same time, the needles have a uniform and saturated green color. Young shoots are light green in color.

Spruce of this variety is characterized by small round female cones. Their length is no more than 1.5 centimeters. At the same time, in male fetuses, this figure reaches 12 centimeters. Young buds are bright pink or light brown. It differs by gender. Female buds turn red-brown over time.

Kupressina spruce is distinguished by a superficial root system, which is quite strongly branched. However, it is quite strong. The roots are able to hold the tree even in strong gusts of wind.

The main benefits of culture include the following:

  • high frost resistance;
  • easy maintenance;
  • excellent adaptation to urban climate;
  • high degree of drought tolerance;
  • attractive appearance;
  • no need for regular fertilization.

Another plus is the lack of need for crown formation. It becomes tapered in a natural way.

Boarding rules

Growing Cupressina spruce is easy. However, for this it is important to properly carry out landing work. In order for the conifer to retain its decorative effect for a long time, it needs to be properly looked after. It is recommended to root the seedling in the spring - before the start of the growing season. It is also permissible to do this in the fall - before the onset of cold weather.

When choosing a landing site, it is recommended to consider the following:

  1. Give preference to a sunny area or a little shade. It is important to remember that with enough sun, the needles become dense and thick, while in the shade they can thin out.
  2. Plant the crop in fresh sandy or loamy soil. The earth should be loose and slightly acidic.
  3. Make sure you have enough moisture. At the same time, groundwater should be quite deep.

Spruce of this variety is not suitable for sand. Also, it should not be grown in urban areas. In addition, the culture does not tolerate dry soil. However, moisture stagnation is also contraindicated for her.

How to choose a seedling

To get a quality and he althy plant, it is important to purchase quality planting material. This should be done in a specialized nursery. All conifers are characterized by fragile roots. Therefore, it is best to buy a seedling in a container. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the needles. It should be bright and juicy, with no dry or damaged fragments.

Planting instructions

To plant a spruce, you need to do the following:

  1. Dig a hole 60 centimeters deep and 50-60 centimeters in diameter.
  2. Prepare the substrate. This requires mixing leafy soil, sod, sand and peat in a ratio of 2:2:1:1.
  3. Pour 5 liters of water into the hole.
  4. Carefully immerse the seedling with a clod of soil into the pit.
  5. Align the trunk vertically and cover with substrate. It is important to ensure that the root neck is flush with the ground.
  6. Water the plant.

Care and cultivation

Kupressina spruce is a very attractive culture that is often used in landscape design. In order for the plant to retain its decorative effect, it needs to be properly looked after.

Immediately after planting the plant, the near-trunk circle should be covered with a 5-6 cm mulch layer. For this, it is permissible to use peat. This procedure helps to increase the temperature of the soil, ensures the retention of moisture in it, and saturates it with useful elements.Subsequently, it is required to remove weeds from the site in a timely manner and from time to time use sand or organic matter as mulch.

In dry weather, spruce requires regular watering. It is recommended to carry out 1 procedure per week. For 1 tree it is worth using 10 liters of water. Sprinkling and spraying the crown also bring great benefits to the plant. To do this, it is recommended to use warm water. Carrying out such procedures helps to wash off the dust from the needles and provides them with moisture.

During the first 5-7 years, coniferous culture is characterized by slow development. That's why it needs to be fed. For this purpose, the universal preparation "Novofert" is perfect. When using the substance, you should strictly follow the instructions. It is important to avoid overdosing on nutrients. If this recommendation is violated, there is a risk that the plant will stop growing at 10 years old.

The tree does not require crown formation. However, from time to time it is worth carrying out sanitary pruning. For the winter, the plant can not be insulated, since it is able to withstand temperatures down to -34 degrees. In addition, the tree is resistant to large amounts of snow.

Pest control

Most often Kupressina spruce suffers from such pathologies and pests:

  1. Rust - is a fungal pathology that affects the plant in the spring. With the development of pathology, yellow bubbles appear on the tree. To cope with the disease and prevent the appearance of fungi, it is worth using copper-based products. For this, "Hom", "Abiga-Peak" are suitable.
  2. Schütte - This disease is also called brown snow mold. With this disease, the needles can become red, brown or yellow. In advanced cases, the needles generally crumble. To avoid the development of pathology, it is required to control humidity. In addition, it is important to avoid thickening of landings. For the treatment of shutte, it is required to pour fungicides under the root. It is also worth making immunostimulants and micronutrients.
  3. Spruce Sitka aphid - This small pest causes yellow spots on old trees. Over time, it provokes the fall of the needles. To remove aphids, it is worth repeatedly treating the plant with potassium soap, onion or garlic infusion.
  4. Nun butterflies - can completely eat up needles. Such means as "Decis", "Karate", "Bitoxibacillin" will help to destroy parasites.
  5. Spruce leaflet - braids the crown with cobwebs. At the same time, its larvae cause damage to greenery. Abundant irrigation of the crown with soapy water will help to cope with parasites.


The plant is often used in landscape design. At the same time, it can be used to decorate the site in various ways. The culture looks beautiful in single plantings and in combination with other crops. It can be combined with herbaceous plants, trees and shrubs and other conifers.

The tree is used as a tapeworm in small areas. It should be borne in mind that the plant does not tolerate air pollution, therefore it is not recommended to plant it in the depths of the garden. The culture looks very beautiful in combination with a stone fence.

Kupressina spruce is an excellent decorative culture that fits perfectly into a variety of compositions. In order for the plant to retain its attractiveness for as long as possible, careful care is required for it. The fight against diseases and pests is of no small importance.

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