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Fast-growing spruce: popular varieties, features of their planting and care

Fast-growing spruce: popular varieties, features of their planting and care

Coniferous plants are often used in landscape design. Such cultures are considered quite popular. However, many gardeners do not want to wait until the plant reaches a significant size. In this case, it is worth giving preference to fast-growing spruces and other conifers. Among them it is worth highlighting juniper, fir, larch, thuja. Thanks to such plants, it is possible to create an excellent composition on the site.

Benefits of fast growing fir trees

Coniferous plants are often used in landscape design. These plants are considered very popular because they have many benefits.The main advantages of such crops include resistance to cold and temperature fluctuations. They are also characterized by ease of cultivation and undemanding care. In addition, some varieties give a significant increase in the first year of life.

It is important to understand which conifers are fast growing. This term refers to trees and shrubs that actively increase their height in the first years of life, and subsequently slow down their growth. In other cultures, active growth begins in the middle of life. Seedlings of many deciduous plants at the initial stage of development increase only a few centimeters per year. At the same time, their active growth begins after 4-5 years.

If you need to make a hedge or decorate a garden in a short time, you should give preference to fast-growing conifers. They perfectly protect the site from dust, wind and extraneous sounds. Another useful property of needles is its ability to release phytoncides.These substances are well reflected in the state of the immune system and respiratory organs of a person. To quickly create a beautiful composition in the garden, you need to understand fast-growing varieties.

Popular varieties

In order for coniferous crops to develop normally and quickly increase in size, it is important to create suitable conditions for them. Moreover, each plant has its own unique characteristics. When choosing a particular variety, the following should be taken into account:

  1. Climatic features. Before planting a plant, it is important to understand its resistance to frost. It is also worth considering how much the culture is able to tolerate high temperatures.
  2. The composition of the soil. There are varieties that can grow in any soil. However, most conifers grow well only in soil with a certain composition.
  3. Attitude towards light. This feature should definitely be taken into account. This will help you choose the right place to land. In addition, the attitude to light affects the features of creating a composition.
  4. Features of agricultural technology. When planting fast-growing conifers, consider their watering, fertilizing, and pruning needs.
  5. Neighbourhood with other cultures. When choosing combinations, it is required to take into account the influence of other plants on conifers.

Serbian spruce

This coniferous crop grows quickly, so it is often used to create hedges. Particularly attractive is the fence made of Serbian firs of various shades. During the year, the plant grows up to 35 centimeters. At the same time, the height of an adult culture reaches 15-20 meters.

When growing a plant, it is important to consider that spider mites and aphids pose the greatest danger to it. The rest of the parasites are of no particular importance. In addition, the culture is highly resistant to climatic factors.

Serbian spruce grows well in all areas and in different types of soil, except for saline and waterlogged ones. If these recommendations are violated, there is a risk of yellowing of the needles. In the summer, Serbian spruce requires systematic watering. As for pruning, crown formation should be de alt with immediately after planting, and the sanitary procedure should be carried out in the spring. It is recommended to remove affected and dry branches every year.

Weymouth Pine

This popular conifer is often used in hedges. The Weymouth pine is characterized by a conical or pyramidal crown, which has a bluish-green color. The tree is distinguished by soft needle needles. The culture is considered fast-growing and is second only to larch in terms of development.

Weymouth Pine develops well in different types of soil, except for saline ones. However, the best tree perceives drained soil. The culture does not withstand dryness.At the same time, it has a high degree of frost resistance compared to other varieties of conifers.

Another feature of Weymouth pine is considered to be high susceptibility to rust. Therefore, the culture is not recommended to be placed near trees that are prone to this pathology.

European larch

This plant is characterized by rapid growth and development. For a year it increases by a maximum of 1 meter. European larch is a bright coniferous tree, which is characterized by a dense pyramidal crown. In height, it reaches 20-25 meters.

Culture can be planted in city squares or large household plots. The tree is considered deciduous. In spring, the culture is decorated with long needles of a rich green hue. By autumn, they acquire a bright yellow color. The plant is considered undemanding to care, soil composition and place of growth.The tree is frost-resistant, but does not perceive a lack of moisture.


Western thuja is also considered a fast-growing conifer. The plant is very popular. It is used to create compositions with other crops and hedges.

Thuja is characterized by rapid growth. For a year it increases to 55 centimeters. The tree takes pruning well and has a pleasant smell. The culture is considered photophilous and is characterized by resistance to drought. The tree develops well in all types of soil. Depending on the variety, the crown is oval or pyramidal in shape.

Fast-growing conifers are great for landscaping. They quickly complete the design. In addition, many conifers are considered undemanding to care for and are resistant to heat and frost.

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