Fruit

Saniya cherry variety: description of the tree and fruits, details of cultivation and care

Saniya cherry variety: description of the tree and fruits, details of cultivation and care
Anonim

Early ripening, excellent taste of berries - the hallmark of the Saniya cherry variety. Many gardeners successfully grow a crop, making sure that the choice is right - the tree never fails, sensitively responding to the care of the owners. In order to avoid mistakes, it is recommended to carefully read the agricultural technology, the rules of care, and find out which enemies threaten the plant.

Description

Saniya is one of the early cherries. Fruiting begins at the end of June. A distinctive feature of the variety is good frost resistance, the plant easily tolerates frost.The description of the variety can be extended by fruiting periods. After planting, the first berries appear after 3-5 years. Residents of the southern regions will wait for fruiting much earlier - 2 years after planting. Culture is self-pollinating - there is no need to plant other varieties nearby.

Characteristic of the tree and fruits

The tree of the variety is low, the maximum height is up to 3 m. The crown is compact, rounded. The bark of a young plant is grayish, after growing up it becomes dark.

New shoots appear every year, so you have to do pruning. Often there is a growth that is recommended to be removed.

Fruits are burgundy, weighing up to 4 g. The taste is sweet, sourness is felt only in unripe berries. The pit is easy to separate.

Boarding rules

Basic requirements for planting Sania cherries:

  • lit place;
  • lack of wind, drafts;
  • deep water table;
  • low acidity soil.

Be sure to put a drainage layer when planting (expanded clay, ceramics, broken brick). When planting, add organic matter, mineral compounds. Supplement poor soils with humus, compost.

Care

Sania is quite undemanding to care for. You will have to follow the rules of watering, observe the appearance of pests, the defeat of diseases. Pruning is another mandatory item of agricultural technology that will have to be strictly observed.

Irrigation

Do not spoil the tree with watering, bring water as needed only in hot summer. Pay special attention to humidity before flowering, during the formation of the ovary. One adult plant requires up to 25 liters of liquid, previously infused in the sun.

Feeding

On scarce soils, you will have to regularly pamper the plant with nutrient compounds. For cherries, it is recommended to use complex top dressing. If the composition of the soil is not too depleted, organic matter will help. A mulching layer of rotted manure, compost, laid in the fall, will saturate the soil with nutrients and protect it from frost.

Cutting

Pruning start the next year after planting a young tree. Usually part of the main trunk is removed. In the second year after planting, shorten old shoots, allowing young branches to develop. After the fourth year, only old branches affected by diseases or damaged by wind, severe frosts are removed.

Pests and diseases

Sania often suffers from fungal diseases. Coccomycosis provokes improper watering - abundant fluid application. Use copper sulfate or copper-based preparations. Irrigate the leaves before the formation of the ovary or after harvest.

In case of moniliosis (twisting and drying of leaves, fruits), it is recommended to carry out cardinal pruning - remove all affected branches. After removing the shoots, irrigate with Horus or Fundazol. It will take 3 treatments spaced one week apart.

Pests on cherries are extremely rare. Chemicals will help to completely eliminate insect damage to the tree - preventive treatment with insecticides can save the plant. Folk remedies will also be useful - regular spraying with infusion of ash will make the cherry unattractive to pests.

Cherry Saniya is a tree that does not require much attention. By following the simple rules that are familiar to every gardener (watering, fertilizing, pruning), you will be able to grow a large tree that annually gives sweet juicy fruits.

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