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Herbicide Agritox: instructions for use, spectrum of action, consumption rates

Herbicide Agritox: instructions for use, spectrum of action, consumption rates
Anonim

Austrian pesticide manufacturers Nupharm GmbH and Co. KG produce drugs that are safe for humans and have a detrimental effect on weeds. At the same time, farmers effectively clean the fields sown with grain crops, potatoes, peas, and flax with the latest preparations. For agricultural producers, the herbicide "Agritox" will be an assistant in obtaining crops.

Composition and release form

Active in aqueous solution are MCPA acids belonging to the class of aryloxyalkanecarboxylic acids. It is precisely such first-generation herbicides that can selectively destroy only weeds related to annual grasses.The selectivity of dimethylamine, potassium, sodium s alt is associated with the anatomical features of grain crops. Substances cannot penetrate into cultivated plants due to the thickness of the stem cuticle. But even if they get into them, they are quickly removed without causing harm. A liter of solution contains 500 grams of MCPA substances.

The herbicide formulation is produced in 10 liter cans.

Mechanism of action of the herbicide "Agritox"

After spraying the working fluid, all parts of plants absorb chemicals, which begin to lead to suppression of respiratory functions, stop the process of photosynthesis in weed cells. A few days after treatment with Agritox, the leaves of weeds wither and turn yellow, and the root system dies.

But the spectrum of action of the herbicide is selective. It does not affect cultivated plants. The main substances are destroyed only by representatives of annual dicotyledonous weeds.Less often, perennials that reproduce by root offspring lie down from the drug. Cornflowers, thistle thistle, bedstraw and other weeds that clog agricultural land are dying.

After treatment, the fields remain clean until a new wave of weeds arrives.

Advantages and disadvantages of the drug

The advantages of using Agritox include the fact that the drug:

  • destroy grasses that destroy cultural plantings especially often;
  • weeds are oppressed after 5-7 days;
  • protect crop plantings for a long time;
  • cereals and food plants are not infected;
  • fields are completely cleared of weeds in 2-3 weeks.

It is necessary to choose the right time for processing crops so that weeds do not begin to bloom. Then the herbicide against them will be ineffective.

Consumption rates for various plants

For 1 hectare of cultivated plantings should be used for:

  • winter wheat, barley and oats - 1 or 1.5 liters of herbicide;
  • spring wheat, oats, barley - 0.7-1 liter;
  • millet - 0.7-1.2 liters;
  • peas - 0.5-0.8 liters;
  • medium and late-ripening potatoes - 1.2 liters;
  • fiber flax - 0.8-1 liter.

To calculate the herbicide consumption in the working solution, they are guided by an average amount of liquid of 200-300 liters per hectare.

Preparation of working solution

Dilution of the liquid is carried out immediately before spraying. The tank is filled with a third of clean water. Separately, the norm of the drug is diluted in 5 liters of water. After thorough mixing, add liquid to the norm and pour into the spray container.The dishes in which the herbicide was located should be rinsed well, pouring the remains into the tank of the processor.

Instructions for use

The procedure for processing the field from weeds is carried out in calm, clear weather. At the same time:

  • crops must reach the tillering stage before going into the tube;
  • potato tops reach a height of 10-15 centimeters;
  • pea stalks - with 3-5 leaves;
  • Fiber flax with a 3-10 cm stem in herringbone phase.

During the dry season, the effectiveness of the herbicide is reduced. This happens as a result of the slow penetration of the active substance into the weeds.

Safety when using

When working with Agritox herbicide, you must follow the safety rules:

  1. During the procedure, use special clothing and devices that protect hands, mucous membranes from damage.
  2. After treatment, the body is washed in the shower, and the clothes are sent for decontamination.
  3. If drops of the solution get on the skin, carefully remove it without rubbing.
  4. Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers should not spray herbicide.
  5. Do not treat areas close to housing, recreational areas, forest belts, pastures, water bodies.

It is possible only after 1.5 months to collect hay near the place of spraying the drug or let cattle graze.

Toxicity and phytotoxicity of the product

The herbicide belongs to the 3rd class of toxicity for bees, the 2nd for humans and mammals. The remedy has a detrimental effect on the inhabitants of reservoirs, fish. Therefore, it is impossible to pour the remains of the solution into water bodies.

When ingested, the agrochemical causes nausea, weakness, profuse salivation. It is necessary to follow the rules for working with herbicides of this type in order to avoid dangerous consequences.

Phytotoxicity in relation to cultivated plants is weak. After cultivation of agricultural land, stunting of potatoes and fiber flax may be noticed.

Sunflower, vine, beet, tobacco are sensitive to the herbicide. It is necessary to protect the planting of these crops from the effects of the agent.

Compatibility with other drugs

The effectiveness of the herbicidal solution increases if you use "Agritox" with drugs that are detrimental to harmful insects, pathogenic microorganisms that cause plant diseases.

You can combine the drug with those herbicides based on sulfonylurea, bromxinyl. Combine herbicide with growth stimulants, mineral fertilizers.

Agritox should not be mixed with pesticides containing alkalis.

Before connecting, check the drugs for compatibility so that they do not heat up and do not leave sediment at the bottom of the tank.

Terms and conditions of storage

During the storage of the herbicide, it is necessary to prepare a special room. It should have an air temperature within -10 in winter, +25 in summer. You can not keep canisters open and in the sun. Use the drug must be within 2 years from the date of issue.

Similar herbicides

The means for weed control "Kortik", "Agrokson", "Gerbitoks", "Metafen" have a similar effect. As part of these preparations, MCPA acids, which act selectively on weeds, clear fields with cultivated crops from continuous weeds.

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