Bee larvae: what are they called, structure and stages of development, application

Bee larvae: what are they called, structure and stages of development, application

Bee brood is called bee larvae. By their nature, these insects are considered very unusual creatures. At the same time, the subsequent fate of the brood is influenced by what this or that larva ate. Depending on this, a drone or a queen bee can turn out from one individual. It is also possible the formation of worker bees, which are directly involved in the collection of honey.

What are bee larvae called

The larvae are often referred to as brood. There are also such concepts as cherva and detva. In fact, the larvae are a kind of embryos of future insects. They emerge from the egg on the fourth day after laying.

The worm is curled up and eating royal jelly, which it receives from nurse bees. This product is truly unique. It contains many nutritional ingredients. Therefore, already on the first day of life, the larva increases 10 times, and on the second - 100.

Structure and stages of development

Bees go through the following stages in their development:

  1. Egg - it is laid by the queen bee. This stage lasts 3 days and is considered the same for all types of insects.
  2. Larva - the stage takes 6 days. It should be borne in mind that the first 3 days the larvae feed on lactating individuals. First they eat royal jelly, and then a composition based on honey and bee bread.
  3. Prepupa - the stage lasts 2 days for worker bees and queens and 4 days for drones.
  4. Chrysalis - at this stage, the bees remain 6 days. Then they become adult insects.

The larvae have an extremely simple structure. Their distinguishing features include:

  • small head;
  • white or light yellow color;
  • worm-shaped body;
  • thoracic and abdominal segments in the body;
  • chitinous shell near the outer shell.

The larvae are characterized by the same internal organs as adults. However, they are considered not fully developed.


This is the head of the bee family, which is responsible for the emergence of new insects. In its development, the uterus goes through the same stages as ordinary bees. The main difference is the formation of the larvae not in a cell, but in a special bowl located on the frame.

Worker bees

They are considered the backbone of the bee swarm. These insects are responsible for the full provision of the whole family. They are engaged in the creation and protection of housing, the preparation and preparation of food, and the cleaning of honeycombs. Despite performing many tasks, worker bees are smaller than queens and drones. They weigh a maximum of 100 milligrams.


These are the males that fertilize the uterus. Immediately after communicating with the queen bee, they die. This is due to the loss of part of the reproductive organ. Drones are born in spring and continue their activity until autumn. The maturation of such individuals occurs 10-14 days after leaving the cell. At the same time, drones live a maximum of 2.5 months.

The development order of the drones is almost the same. The larva reaches the desired size for 10 days. At this point, sealing occurs. The pupa turns into a drone on the 25th day.


In order for a bee colony to develop normally, it needs a suitable microclimate. Bees are distinguished by a sensitive reaction to any changes in conditions. To get a good result, you need to consider the following:

  1. The amount of carbon dioxide. The bees respond to changes in the content of this substance with their thermal receptors. At the beginning of autumn and in spring, the level of carbon dioxide in the center is 1.1%, and on the periphery - 0.6. With the onset of cold weather, the parameters change to 3 and 1%, respectively.
  2. Food. The amount of feed should be 2-4 times the size of the egg. With a lack of food, the larva will die of starvation. After contact with royal jelly, the egg cracks and the body of the larva appears. In the absence of food, the egg will dry out and not crack. This will lead to death.
  3. Temperature. At the initial stage of development, the larva is considered very vulnerable.It needs a certain ambient temperature. If its values are below the norm for at least 15 minutes during 8-14 hours of development, an individual will appear from the egg, which has the characteristics of a bee and a drone. If the temperature deviates from the norm for a long time, there is a risk of death of insects. The optimum temperature in the hive is +32-35 degrees.
  4. Humidity. The hive should have a good air exchange. To do this, the hives make upper notches and slots for ventilation. If it is low, condensation will form. This leads to the formation of mold. In addition, wood acquires a maximum moisture content of 30%. For the entire life of the bee colony, 30 liters of water are required. Water carriers make up to 100 sorties every day and bring 30-50 milligrams at a time.


The larvae are used not only to produce adult bees that can collect nectar from plants. They are often used to strengthen the immune system. Such individuals do not contain toxic substances. At the same time, they include many useful components that are equal in usefulness to royal jelly.

The composition of the larvae contains many hormonal substances and enzymes. Therefore, they differ in pronounced medicinal properties. With the help of such funds, it is possible to eliminate lesions of the thyroid gland, normalize the tone of the body, restore potency in men and improve the functioning of the reproductive organs in women.

All mother larvae consume only natural products and sugar syrup. Therefore, they have the following types of effects on the body:

  • lower blood cholesterol;
  • normalize blood pressure;
  • restore the circulatory system;
  • increase sex drive.
Bee larvae have a special structure and stages of development. To ensure their normal development, it is important to create favorable conditions.
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