Karnika or Buckfast: which is better and comparison of bee breeds, which one to choose

Karnika or Buckfast: which is better and comparison of bee breeds, which one to choose

The productivity of an apiary depends on many factors, but first of all, you need to pay attention to the breed of insects. When choosing a breed, the climatic features of the area and the set of honey plants, the resistance of insects to diseases are taken into account. To determine the carnika or the breed of buckfast - which is better, an assessment of the characteristics of insects, a comparative description of their working qualities will help.

Key features of Buckfast bees

The breed was bred as a result of selection work of English beekeepers (Macedonian, Turkish, Egyptian bees were used for breeding). Buckfast bees are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, resistant to diseases and are characterized by high productivity.

Main external characteristics: the color of the elongated narrow body can vary from gray to brown tones, the shade of the wings is light brown with a creamy sheen. The length of the proboscis is 6.5-6.8 mm. There are several special signs of backfast:

  • maintaining performance under adverse climatic conditions. Good moisture tolerance;
  • large amount of brood brought. High uterine fertility;
  • early departure in spring, long distance flight;
  • low swarming rate.

Buckfast bees are distinguished by their peaceful nature, cleanliness, accurate filling of honeycombs.

Description of karnik bees

Main habitat - parts of Slovenia, Southern Austria, Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria.Therefore, a comfortable climate for insects is hot summers, cold winters and short springs. It is easy to identify insects by the silver-gray tint of the body, the long proboscis (6.4-6.7 mm) in worker bees.

Distinctive feature of carnica: weak propolising of hives. Insect Advantage: They tolerate the winter well as part of a small family, while consuming a modest amount of supplies. The popularity of the breed is explained by its high productivity, taking into account the small number of honey plants and cold winters. High swarming ability is considered a disadvantage.

Bees have a peaceful nature, so they do not pose a danger to tourists walking along the paths.

Comparison table

In order to objectively evaluate the working qualities and merits of various breeds, special comparative tables are compiled.

Evaluation of qualities on a ten-point scaleBuckfastKarnikaPeacefulness1010Winter survivability1010Early Morning Flight1010 Honey storage108Nectar collection1010Propolis collection 53Swarming tendency210Early brood8 6Nosema resistance55 Trecheal mite resistance Varroa mite resistance 33Predisposed 1010Collen pollen 55

When choosing a breed, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the breed zoning (this will greatly simplify the care of insects). If you plan to put several hives in your summer cottage, it is advisable to choose insects with a peaceful character.

Experienced beekeepers advise to place one breed of bees on the site (since several species are crossbred over time). It should also be borne in mind that for any characteristics and working qualities, proper insect care, the creation of comfortable conditions for existence throughout the year, and the provision of the necessary amount of food are important.

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