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How spruce blossoms: a description of the process in different types of trees, features

How spruce blossoms: a description of the process in different types of trees, features

Coniferous trees are devoid of typical flowers, which mainly appear in the spring season. Their flowering cannot be compared with the same process in fruit trees. Therefore, not every person can answer the question of how exactly spruce blooms. In fact, cones are considered the flowers of coniferous crops. At the same time, male specimens often have a yellow color, and female specimens are pink.

Because of what conifers bloom

Many people believe that Christmas trees don't bloom. Indeed, coniferous plants are considered not flower, but gymnosperms. Therefore, they cannot boast of such a luxurious flowering as an apple tree or cherry.In fact, the so-called flowers of conifers resemble cones or spikelets that are odorless.

Cones are short modified shoots, the foliage of which has been transformed into scales. Since conifers are monoecious plants that are pollinated by wind, their flowering begins before the deciduous trees bloom. Thanks to this, greenery does not prevent pollen from moving over long distances.

At the same time, the cones of coniferous plants are male and female. The first variety resembles elongated catkins, which scatter pollen in May. The female flowers form small cones, which, after pollination, turn into spruce ornaments.

What it looks like

The flowering of coniferous plants is distinguished by a number of features and differences. However, there is some difference between different types of crops.


In nature, there are more than 40 varieties of firs. They often grow in temperate mountains and prefer high humidity. Fir is common in European countries, in northern Africa, in Asia. Also, these trees are found in Central and North America.

During the flowering period, beautiful cones appear on the plants, which can have different shades - yellow, red, green. Blue and purple fruits look very unusual.


This culture is predominantly found in the lowlands of Alaska, the mountainous regions of the USA, the European part of the Alps. The plant is also widespread in Mongolia and Canada. This crop is considered frost-resistant and has a fast growth rate. Its pollination occurs in April.

Larch blooms at the end of May. However, in the southern regions this happens already in April. The process takes only 5-10 days. Blooming larch looks very decorative.

Cones on the plant are placed evenly. At the same time, male inflorescences form elongated spikelets that have a yellowish or yellow-green hue, while female ones are distinguished by a rounded shape and a light green or red-violet color.


Flowers on the cedar are not formed across the entire width. The lower branches form the so-called growth layer. In cedar, the female genital organs form special bumps called macrostrobiles. They are formed in a certain tier of the crown or in a mixed one.

During the flowering period, the female strobilus goes through several stages of ontogenesis. First, a standing or pressed bud is formed, after that - a bud, and then an open and closed cone is formed. Depending on temperature and climatic factors, the duration of each stage is 3-6 days. Male inflorescences accumulate near the base of the branches and are characterized by an orange-crimson color.


Such plants have many varieties - about 50. At the same time, spruces are widespread. They are found from the subtropics to the cold regions of the northern hemisphere.

In spring time, the common spruce is decorated with lilac-red cones. The female fruit is comparable in size to a hazelnut, while the male fruit is about the size of a pea. After a couple of weeks, the female buds elongate and turn a light green color.

Acrocon's exotic spruce has unique features. This culture is characterized by slow development and an asymmetric shape. With the onset of spring, small cones of a rich red hue form at the ends of young shoots.

Pine trees

Scotch pine begins to bloom in late May or early June. This culture is distinguished by naked flowers that form cones.During the flowering period, young needles also bloom on the tree. At the same time, male inflorescences form a kind of spikelets, and female ones form small oval cones. Male and female inflorescences are located on different branches. At the same time, they are localized at the ends so that the needles do not interfere with pollination.


Such trees are considered very popular. They are often used in landscape design. Thuja is characterized by dense greenery, which densely covers the trunk. It does not acquire a yellow color and does not crumble. With the advent of spring, small green bumps appear on the branches of the thuja. After some time, they become bluish in color.


The flowering of this plant often goes unnoticed. It falls in April or May. Juniper flowers resemble small cones-spikelets.Female specimens look like green buds, while male specimens are elongated and yellow in color. After pollination, the female buds turn into beautiful deep blue berries.

Flowering spruces and other coniferous plants look about the same. However, it varies somewhat depending on climatic conditions. And the size and color of the inflorescences differ depending on the type of crop.

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