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Spruce Serbian Pendula: description, planting and care, where the tree is used

Spruce Serbian Pendula: description, planting and care, where the tree is used

Serbian Pendula spruce is very popular with gardeners. This culture is often found in parks and summer cottages. The wide distribution of this variety is due to its undemanding to the composition of the soil and growth conditions. In addition, many people fell in love with this tree for its unusual appearance. It has a very original falling crown shape. In order for the tree to retain its decorative effect, it is important to follow a number of rules.

What kind of tree is this

According to the description, the Omorika Pendula spruce has a narrow and weeping crown shape. Thanks to this, the plant is considered one of the most beautiful conifers.The maximum height of the tree reaches 15 meters. At the same time, the diameter of its crown does not exceed 1.5 meters. The tree is slow growing. For 1 year, it increases by only 10-15 centimeters.

It is noteworthy that the culture is devoid of a central stem. It is formed independently, choosing from a variety of shoots. Thanks to this, designers can create unusual compositions from spruce and bring original notes to the space.

Most often, a tree is formed in the form of a column. Its crown is so dense that it is impossible to see the central trunk due to tightly pressed side branches. Spruce of this variety has flat green-blue needles. Another feature of the plant is the red-gray color of the bark.

Breeders have bred many varieties based on the base species. One of the most popular is Picea Omorika Pendula Bruns. This plant was obtained in Germany.This happened in 1955. A distinctive feature of the culture is considered to be intensive growth and unusual appearance. If the tree is not tied up, it will begin to bend and take on its original shape.

Such trees are often planted in groups. With age, each of them acquires an unusual appearance. At a young age, the culture has a light green color of needles. It has a bluish tint. In this case, the needles reach a length of 2 centimeters.

Another interesting variety is Picea Omorika Pendula Kuck. This culture is characterized by slower development. For 1 year, it increases by only 5-10 centimeters. At the same time, the height of an adult culture does not exceed 10 meters. The branches of the plant are weaker and thinner. If the shoots are not tied up, they begin to deform, creating unusual shapes.

At the initial stage, the culture garter is still necessary. This is required for vertical development. Otherwise, the plant will begin to deform near the base, which will badly affect its shape.


Spruce Omorika Pendula has become widespread in Europe. It is also found in the largest gardens in North America. There, the plant is valued for its unusual crown shape and undemanding to the composition of the soil.

Besides this, the culture is widespread in the west of Serbia. In addition, it is often found in the eastern regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Due to its original appearance, the plant is often used to decorate city squares and parks.


For planting Pendula Bruns spruce or other varieties of this crop, it is recommended to choose seedlings with a closed root system. In this case, the optimal age of the plant is 4 years.

A lighted place or partial shade is suitable for planting a crop. The plant is considered undemanding to the composition of the soil. However, seedlings adapt best in acidic light loam. It is important to ensure that the soil is not waterlogged.The landing site must be chosen in such a way that it has reliable protection from drafts. Pendula has long but superficial roots, which is why she is afraid of the wind.

Planting work should be carried out in spring or autumn. In summer, spruce can be planted only in cloudy weather, which lasts for 2 weeks. 14 days before planting in the ground, it is recommended to prepare recesses. If the earth has a neutral or slightly acidic reaction, it is saturated with high-moor peat.

In terms of volume, the recess should be twice the roots of the seedling. In addition, it is recommended to take into account the following features:

  1. To fill the recess, you need to use a substrate mixed with nitroammophos. It is recommended to use 150 grams of the drug per well.
  2. Before planting spruce, it is recommended to pour plenty of warm water into the recess.
  3. It is important to keep the root collar level with the ground.
  4. After planting, it is required to water the plant abundantly. For 1 tree, it is recommended to use 10 liters of water. After that, the trunk circle should be covered with a mulch layer.

Care Requirements

Serbian Pendula spruce is considered a very unpretentious culture. It needs time to water and feed. It is also recommended to carry out treatment from pathologies and pests. Moisten the soil should be plentiful enough. For 1 seedling, it is worth spending at least 1 bucket of water. In the heat, it is recommended to carry out sprinkling of the crown. This will help avoid pest attacks.

It costs twice a season to fertilize. This should be done in spring and autumn. For this, it is recommended to use mineral fertilizers for conifers. It is also permissible to feed spruce foliarly. For this, it is worth using "Epin" and "Zircon".

The plant needs systematic sanitary pruning. To do this, get rid of dry and damaged branches. It is also necessary to shorten the lower shoots that lie on the surface of the soil. Any pruned plant remains can be placed in the trunk circle as mulch.

Spruce is not very good resistance to frost. Therefore, for the winter it needs to be covered. It is best to use agrofibre for this purpose. In this case, the surface of the soil must be sprinkled with a thick layer of peat.


Spruce Pendula Bruns and other varieties are propagated only by grafting. There are no wild forms of this plant. Only qualified specialists can graft spruce. This procedure is carried out in horticultural organizations. Most often, imported grafted spruce seedlings are on sale.

Pest control

Serbian spruce is considered not too resistant to the influence of parasites. It can suffer from attacks of spruce leafworms, aphids, spider mites. Also, the culture is often affected by spruce sawflies and hermes.

For prevention, the plant is recommended to be regularly inspected and treated with systemic insecticides. The most effective means include Iskra and Biotlin. All affected plant fragments are recommended to be removed. To protect trees from parasites, they need to be regularly irrigated in the heat of summer.

Where used

Serbian Pendula spruce can grow in any conditions. Therefore, it is often decorated with city parks and squares. Culture can be planted singly or in groups. The use of supports during the active growth of the tree helps to give it the desired shape. The pendula is easily shaped into an arch or canopy. This type of spruce can be used to create living columns.

Serbian Pendula Spruce is a common crop that fits into the design of any site. In order for the plant to retain its decorative effect, it needs to be properly cared for.

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