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Pruning pine: do-it-yourself cutting and shaping rules, pinching

Pruning pine: do-it-yourself cutting and shaping rules, pinching

Pruning a pine tree is an important procedure that can be used to solve various problems. These include healing and rejuvenation of the tree. Also, the procedure can be aimed at the formation of the crown. Pruning provides conifers with enough light for development. At the same time, the culture does not obscure other plantings and does not interfere with their growth.

Prophylactic (he alth) pruning

Coniferous plants are often subject to all sorts of pathologies and aging processes. In order for the tree to live longer and look attractive, healing pruning is carried out. This procedure is also called prophylaxis.

It is important to consider that pruning the tree is required systematically. Plants over 10 years old that have many dry or bare branches are also subjected to this procedure. Thanks to this, it is possible to increase the number of he althy shoots.

Cutting for decorative purposes

Decorative pruning is done to improve the appearance of the crop. The procedure should be carried out in May. Thanks to this, new shoots will be able to form in the required place. It is worth starting manipulation in the second year of life.

Decorative pruning can be done in a variety of ways. The most standard option is to give the tree the shape of a ball or cone. To get a beautiful result, certain skills are required. The easiest way to plant crops in the form of a hedge. In this case, it is enough to remove protruding shoots and align the trees to the same length.

The most difficult option is the Japanese niwaki style. At the same time, conifers can take different forms - it all depends on the designer's intention. There are the following options in this direction:

  • tekan - it is recommended to leave only horizontal shoots;
  • kotobuki - the tree resembles the shape of the hieroglyph, which means happiness;
  • kiot - in this case, horizontal or vertical caps are formed;
  • moegi - the pine trunk is bent in a certain shape, and the formation of the crown is considered a rather painstaking process;
  • kongai - the root system is placed higher than the drooping branches;
  • shakan - the trunk is left straight, but fixed at an angle.

In order to correctly carry out decorative pruning, you need to draw a future diagram. Then it is important to decide which shoots will have to be removed. When forming a pine tree in a bonsai style, young shoots need to be pulled back and fixed horizontally. After that, it is recommended to cut them off until the resin is released.

For the formation of a spherical crown, young growths are made of various lengths - 2-8 centimeters. To improve the decorative characteristics, some of the needles need to be plucked. This helps to stimulate air exchange in the crown structure. When forming a crown using the nivaki technique, you should do the following:

  1. Remove all dry branches. It is recommended to do this in late autumn or early winter.
  2. In the summer, shape each fragment of the crown so that it resembles a triangle pointing down.
  3. Do not remove more than a third of the green mass at a time. It is important to bear in mind that it is forbidden to immediately give the tree the desired shape. First, it is worth forming one part of the branches. The next stage will come only after 1 year.

To prevent the pine from growing too fast, it needs to be pinched. This procedure helps to make the plant lower. In addition, with its help it is possible to increase the splendor of the crown.To carry out pinching, it is required to remove the upper part of the shoot. This is done with fingers or tools. Subsequently, areas with shortened needles are formed in this zone. It is best to pinch the needles in mid-July.

Sanitary pruning

This type of pruning helps achieve a rejuvenating effect. When carrying out a sanitary procedure, it is worth removing the lower shoots of pine. Gardeners also get rid of diseased, damaged and dry branches. This needs to be done every time a problem occurs. Thanks to sanitary pruning, it is possible to keep the tree he althy and stimulate the active growth of dormant buds.

The procedure for the purpose of rejuvenation is performed with an interval of 3 years. Thanks to this, the tree will look more attractive and take up less space on the site. Regardless of the reasons for the manipulation, the methods for shortening the shoots are the same. A dry branch can be removed completely.It is also permissible to shorten or pinch a fragment of the shoot. However, pinching or shaping is not usually considered sanitation.

Rejuvenation treatment

Coniferous trees older than 10 years tend to have a large number of bare and dry shoots. Such branches must be removed. Thanks to this, it is possible to stimulate the growth of new shoots and give the pine splendor. Anti-aging pruning aims to prevent the development of the ends of new shoots, as this causes the appearance of long shoots that are not covered with needles.

To rejuvenate pines, you need to do the following:

  1. In mid-September, cut off the ends of old bare branches. It helps to activate the old kidneys.
  2. Remove large shoots without growth points.
  3. In early spring, cut off non-viable sprouts that are at the bottom of the crown.
  4. Cut the branches so that the remaining fragments have needles. This will help keep them from drying out.

Carrying out anti-aging activities contributes to the appearance of new needles and young shoots on the tree. They should be held at intervals of 3 years.

Adjusting the size of the pine tree

To form a beautiful and neat crown, you need to adjust the size of the pine. Usually this procedure is carried out with a limited amount of space on the site. Pine shearing helps control the height of the tree and the diameter of its crown. To prevent the culture from growing upward, it is recommended to trim its upper part.

How to care for spruce after pruning

Pruning is quite a stress on a tree. In the damaged areas, an open space appears through which pathogenic microorganisms penetrate into the structure of the culture. Even the release of resin does not allow you to quickly deal with this problem.It still takes some time.

To speed up the process, gardeners treat damaged areas with latex paint. This helps prevent infection. Before applying the substance, it is important to make sure that it does not have toxic properties and can be used on trees.

In order for the pine tree to be fluffy and attractive, it must be thoroughly watered immediately after pruning. Too dense soil is recommended to loosen. This will help improve the flow of oxygen to the root system. If the tree turned out to be sick, it certainly needs to be fed. For this purpose, it is worth using mineral or phosphate fertilizers. These activities contribute to the restoration of culture.

Recommendations for beginners

Pruning of mountain or common pine should be carried out according to the rules. Beginner gardeners are advised to adhere to the following rules:

  1. Remove a maximum of 30% of shoots, buds, needles at a time.
  2. Be sure to get rid of bare shoots.
  3. Use sharp and clean tools to obtain a spherical shape.
  4. The place of the cut can not be covered with garden pitch. It is processed by the resin that the tree gives off.
  5. Cut the shoots at a 45 degree angle. In this case, the upper part should be 2 millimeters higher than the lower one.
  6. Control the slice size. This is required so that the tree does not lose a large amount of resin. At the same time, it should be enough to process the breakage zone of the shoots. Too long a cut will cause bumps and dehydration.
  7. When removing old and thick branches, try not to damage the bark of the tree.
  8. When a large wound appears on a tree, treat it with garden pitch.
  9. With low pruning, there is a risk of prolonged healing of the damaged area. As a result, there is a high probability of the death of the kidneys or the formation of a too frail shoot.
  • Cut old and thick branches with a saw. At the same time, they need to be fixed during operation.

Pruning a pine tree is a fairly important procedure that can be used to solve a variety of problems. This may be crown formation, rejuvenation, removal of old and diseased branches. In any case, for the manipulation to be successful, it is important to strictly follow the rules for its implementation. In this case, you should adhere to the recommendations of experienced gardeners.

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