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Siberian cedar: tree description, height and correct name, planting and care

Siberian cedar: tree description, height and correct name, planting and care

Siberian cedar is an evergreen coniferous plant that belongs to the genus Pine. At the same time, in botany, this culture is called Siberian cedar pine. This is a very common plant that has high decorative properties. This makes it possible to actively apply this culture in landscape design. For its cultivation to be successful, it is worth adhering to a number of agrotechnical rules.

The appearance of the tree

In botany, another name for the Siberian cedar is used - “Siberian cedar pine”. It is a tall coniferous tree that can reach a height of 45 meters.At the same time, the diameter of the trunk of this crop is 2 meters. The life span of the plant is 500 years. A tree has several vertices. It has a straight trunk with scaly bark. Over time, it becomes covered with cracks. Branching is characterized by a whorled type. At the same time, young shoots are brown in color and covered with red hairs.

The needles of the Siberian cedar grow in bunches. Usually each of them contains 5 needles. They are dark green in color and do not exceed 14 centimeters in length. The further north the cedar is located, the shorter the needles it has. The root system of culture does not differ in depth or strong branching. The main root deepens literally 1-2 meters.

During the flowering period, cedar pine looks especially decorative. Female cones are distinguished by a spectacular crimson color. They are located near the terminal bud and hide in the needles. Male fruits are at the beginning of the shoots and have an orange tint.

Seeds ripen only after 1.5 years. Each cone contains approximately 40-150 pine nuts. When dropped, the cones do not open. In this form, they are usually collected for further processing.

Growth area

Under natural conditions, cedar pine is found in many forests of Russia. It can be seen in Primorye, Siberia, Khabarovsk Territory. These plants are often grown in the Urals, in the Moscow region and the Leningrad region. They are also planted in the Far East and Altai.

The tree develops well in any regions with a temperate climate. For this crop, it is not the weather conditions that are of particular importance, but the composition of the soil.

Planting and aftercare

When planting Siberian cedar, certain rules must be followed. Best of all, plants that are at least 5 years old adapt to new conditions. Younger specimens may encounter various diseases and pests.

It is important to consider that the cedar reaches a significant height after a long period of time. This is due to its slow development. Therefore, when choosing neighbors, it is important to avoid shading.

In order for the planting of the Siberian cedar to be successful, you should follow these recommendations:

  1. Carry out quarantine measures at the site. Young seedlings are very susceptible to insect attacks. To prevent such problems, it is worth treating all crops with insecticides.
  2. Dig a hole for planting. It is required to be located at least 3 meters from buildings and 8 meters from trees with a spreading crown. The hole must be 1 meter deep and 1.8 meters in diameter.
  3. Place a drainage layer on the bottom. It can be made from expanded clay, gravel, shell rock. The size of the drainage layer should be at least 15 centimeters.
  4. Fill the hole with a substrate of sand, fertile soil and compost. The thickness of such a layer should be 80 centimeters. It is also advisable to add a couple of glasses of complex top dressing or ash to the pit. Of no small importance is the use of Kornevin.
  5. Retrieve the seedling from the container. It is important to avoid damage to the roots and buds.
  6. Place the seedling in the recess. At the same time, its root system needs to be straightened. When planting Siberian, it is important to consider the location of the cardinal points. The less developed part of the culture should be directed to the south. This will help achieve a symmetrical crown.
  7. Sprinkle the seedling with soil. It needs to be crushed by hand from time to time. Small trees are recommended to be fixed with a stick.
  8. Form an earthen roller around the plant and water it well. For a small tree, it is recommended to use at least 10 liters of water. Water in the near-stem circle needs to be poured in parts. This will help avoid blurring the top layer.
  9. Cover the trunk circle with a layer of mulch. For this, it is permissible to use compost and sawdust. This will help prevent drying out of the soil and the root system of the plant.

This culture needs to be close to its fellows. Therefore, experienced gardeners are advised to plant 3-4 copies of a tree on the site at once.

Caring for the Siberian cedar is easy. In this case, you should adhere to these rules:

  1. Loosen the soil in the trunk circle. This must be done with extreme caution. This is due to the superficial location of the root system.
  2. Water young seedlings. Such plants are highly sensitive to moisture deficiency.
  3. Feed the tree only after a year. At the same time, it is recommended to fertilize in the summer.
  4. Don't throw away weeds after weeding. They can be used as an additional top dressing.

Pruning of Siberian cedar is carried out as needed. At the same time, there is no need for special crown formation.

Pest control

Sometimes cedar pine faces pest attacks. The bark beetle is considered the most dangerous enemy of culture. The pest is activated immediately after warming and makes moves under the bark. To cope with parasites is possible only at the initial stages. You can detect pests by small holes in the bark that are filled with resin.

Another dangerous enemy of culture is the Siberian hermes. This parasite feeds on plant sap. Dealing with a pest is very difficult. It has fibrous growths on the torso that protect against the effects of poisons. Therefore, it is recommended to act on parasites through the sap of the tree.

Methods of reproduction

In nature, the Siberian cedar reproduces by seed. Help in this is provided by animals that eat pine nuts - squirrels, sables, chipmunks. It is they who carry the cones over considerable distances.

In summer cottages, Siberian cedar is usually propagated by seedlings, which are sold in specialized nurseries. You can also grow your own from seeds. However, this process is considered to be quite lengthy and laborious. Therefore, novice summer residents usually choose ready-made seedlings.

Experienced gardeners often use the grafting method. This significantly speeds up the fruiting period. If there are female buds on the scion by the time of vaccination, it will be possible to harvest the first crop of cones in 2 years. Male buds give a harvest for 4-5 years. The role of the stock is performed by Scotch pine. It is fast growing and widely distributed.

Also, trees can be propagated by cuttings. However, this method is rarely used for Siberian cedar, since it does not always give results. If the cuttings give roots, then the trees are weak and not very decorative.Therefore, cuttings are used only if it is not possible to purchase a ready-made seedling of cedar pine.

The benefits of the tree and its application

Siberian cedar is widely used in industry. It is used in construction. Also, the wood of this plant is often used to make furniture. It is a light brown material that is easy to work with.

Siberian cedar juice is actively used in medicine. It contains tannins, which are used to make leather. In animal husbandry, vitamin flour is used, which is made from the needles of this plant.

Cedar pines are widely used in landscape design. They are used for landscaping streets, courtyards, parks and suburban areas. For the correct choice of a place for planting a plant, it is important to take into account its significant size. Siberian cedar goes well with other cultures - flowers and shrubs.Roses, tulips and crocuses look good near the pine tree.

Siberian cedar is a popular crop that pairs well with other plants. This allows you to actively use it in landscape design. In order for the plant to retain its decorative properties, it is important to provide it with proper care.

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