Queen hatching calendar: queen bee development cycle by day

Queen hatching calendar: queen bee development cycle by day

Beekeepers call the queen bee queen. She is engaged in laying eggs, which ensures the reproduction of the family. The calendar, which is used as a guide for the withdrawal of queens, takes into account the features of the processes that follow each other in sequence. It is useful for both beginners and experienced beekeepers to predict the course of events. The queen bee lives 8 years, but owners prefer to replace it every 2 years to ensure a high reproduction rate.

What is it for?

The calendar takes into account the peculiarities of the processes occurring inside the hive.

Actually, this is a guide to action that a beekeeper will need in many cases:

  • to replace the old queen in time;
  • for targeted breeding work;
  • to prevent swarming;
  • to detect drones;
  • to control cell seeding.
The whole bee family lives depending on the queen. The task of the beekeeper is to make sure that everything is in order with the queen. If she is in working order, she lays 2000 eggs per day, but the capabilities of the uterus are limited. The individual does not collect pollen, has a shorter proboscis than other worker bees.

Development stages

The period when the old queen is already weakening, laying eggs poorly, requires decisive action. In order to support the bee family and not disturb the usual life, the owner will have to replace the queen. This can be done artificially or wait for a natural replacement to occur.

Stages for obtaining a new queen:

  1. Sowing. This period involves the hatching of the larvae from the fetal egg, which the bees feed on royal jelly.
  2. Sealing. The bees fill the mother liquor with food and seal it.
  3. Inside the mother liquor, the larva grows, then turns into a chrysalis.
  4. The pupa gives rise to a young uterus, which independently gnaws the exit from the queen cell.

The process takes 10-15 days. To confirm her status, the queen makes a flyby, then mates with drones, and starts laying.Fruitful sowing will be postponed after 3 days. At this stage, an error may occur - the queen will make a drone sowing - then a quick replacement will be required, otherwise the colony will die.

Queen Hatching Calendar

It takes about 20 days from the egg to the laying of the queen herself. During this time, the beekeeper will have to understand what the future holds for the bee colony. Frequent queen changes result in a loss of reproduction quality, so drastic steps must be taken to find a suitable quality queen.

The schedule for hatching the uterus of bees by day looks like this:

On the 7th day after the appearance of the larvae Sealing the queen cell
16 dayExit of the barren uterus from the queen cell
In 3 daysStart flyby
Through 4-5 daysMarriage Games
In 14 daysDefinition queen quality through clutch analysis

There are special print options that can be customized for specific dates by month. One of the most common store calendars is a circle with an arrow. The beekeeper can select the month and day and then track the dates.

How to tell a queen bee from a worker bee?

One of the problems of a beginner beekeeper is distinguishing the queen from the worker bees. For example, an individual gnawed through the mother liquor, went inside the hive. She will have a mating flight followed by laying. But in order to track its movements, you need to make a special mark. To do this, you need to catch and mark her.

Outwardly, the queen differs from worker bees:

  • the body is elongated up to 2 centimeters, and working insects grow up to 1.5-1.7 centimeters;
  • abdomen peeking over the edges of the wings;
  • different behavior inside the hive.

By breaking the integrity of the mother liquor, it becomes clear that the larva has matured, become a pupa, and then turned into a young individual. Now the beekeeper has to mark the queen and wait for the first clutch. If the sowing is complete, and worker bees are blown out of it, then the head of the family will be of good quality, which means that no action is needed. In the event that the first sowing turns out to be drone, an urgent replacement of the queen will be required.

There are several ways to define a queen inside a hive. All of them require observation and speed of reaction. To find the queen, you will need to look through all the frames, and then rearrange them from one part of the hive to another.

How to determine the age of the uterus?

To determine the age of a bee, a special international system has been adopted. It helps not to get confused in the calculations.In addition, when buying a bee pack or sampling an individual from another hive, the beekeeper will have no doubts about the age if the marks are made correctly in accordance with the standards:

  • blue (these are years according to the account system every 5 years - 2015, 2022-2023);
  • white (output by years - 2016, 2022-2023, 2026);
  • yellow (2017, 2022, 2027);
  • red (2018, 2023, 2028);
  • green (2019, 2024, 2029).

This label is followed by beekeepers around the world.

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