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Spruce Bicolor: description of a two-color variety, planting and care, application

Spruce Bicolor: description of a two-color variety, planting and care, application

Two-color spruce Bicolor is actively used for decoration of garden and park areas. This culture has pronounced decorative properties. Thanks to this, it can be used as a tapeworm or in group plantings with other trees. Distinctive features of the culture are drooping branches and a cone-shaped crown. The average plant height is 3-5 meters. At the same time, spruce grows by about 5-7 centimeters per year.

Appearance description

Bicolor bicolor spruce is a very beautiful spruce with unusual needles. This species was discovered in 1860 and was named after Rutherford Alcock. He was Queen Victoria's minister at the Ieddo Court in Tokyo, Japan's capital.

This plant has a number of distinctive features. It has a conical crown shape with horizontal branches. In this case, the shoots have a light orange-brown hue. An adult tree is 3-5 meters in height. At the same time, its diameter reaches 1.5-2 meters. For a year, the culture grows by a maximum of 5-7 centimeters.

A distinctive feature of the culture is the spiral arrangement of needles. At the same time, the needles are turned forward from above. They have a length of 8-20 millimeters, and a width of 1-1.5. The needles have a quadrangular shape in cross section. It is dark green above and blue-green below. On all sides of the needles there are white stomatal stripes. It is with this that the unusual shade of needles is associated. The young growth has a rich green color and stands out against the darker old needles.

The tree is characterized by elongated cones. Young fruits have a green color with a purple tint. As they mature, they become light brown, but do not lose their purple tint. This makes the tree more attractive.

Spruce Bicolor needs enough sunlight. However, this tree is able to withstand a little partial shade. As for the soil, the plant requires a fertile substrate, which is characterized by moderate humidity. The culture develops best in light loamy soil. It can be slightly acidic or neutral.

The plant is highly resistant to winter. It can be grown in zone 5. This means that the crop is able to withstand temperature drops from -23.3 to -28.8 degrees.

Distribution area

According to the description, this species was found in the highlands of Japan - in the central part of Honshu. The culture grows in Japan on the Pacific coast. It is found in the mountains in the Oi river valley. The plant is located at an altitude of 1.5-2 thousand meters above sea level - in the belt of subalpine forests. Culture prefers a cool climate with snowy winters.Most often, Bilokor spruce is found in mixed coniferous forests.

How to plant correctly

When planting a crop, it is important to avoid soil compaction and moisture stagnation. When choosing a place for growing spruce, preference should be given to areas with low groundwater. Equally important is the quality of the drainage layer.

When planting fir trees in groups, the distance between them should be 2-3 meters. The pit for the plant should have a depth of 50-70 centimeters. In this case, it is important to ensure that the root neck is located on the same level with the ground.

In order for the spruce to develop better, it is required to prepare a special substrate. To do this, mix leaf and sod land, peat and sand. It is recommended to do this in a ratio of 2:2:1:1. After planting, the culture should be watered with 40-50 liters of water. It is also advisable to use fertilizer at this stage.


Spruce does not tolerate dry and hot weather. Therefore, in the summer it should be watered once a week. For 1 tree, it is recommended to use 10-12 liters of water. Soil loosening is important. However, it should be shallow - a maximum of 5 centimeters. This is due to the superficial location of the roots.

For the winter, it is worth sprinkling the trunk circle with peat. The thickness of this layer should be 5-6 centimeters. After winter, it is enough to mix peat with the soil without removing it from the garden. A couple of times during the season, spruce can be fed. To do this, it is permissible to use special fertilizers for coniferous plants.

Firs Bicolor usually do not require pruning. However, when forming a hedge, a haircut is acceptable. Most often, the culture is subjected to sanitary pruning. During this procedure, dry and diseased branches are removed. Manipulation should be performed from the end of May to the beginning of June.This is done after the end of active sap flow.

Application in landscape design

This spruce has pronounced decorative properties, therefore it is often used to decorate garden and park areas. The plant can be used as a specimen or create spectacular compositions with other trees.

Spruce Bicolor is a beautiful coniferous culture, which is often used to decorate summer cottages. In order for the plant to develop normally, it needs to provide full and high-quality care.

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